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Aufgabe 1

Aufgaben
Download als Dokument:PDFWord

Part 1: Non-Fiction Text

1.
Outline Millner’s and her former roommate’s concerns about companies trying to control their employees’ private lives. (Text A)
$(20\,\%)$
#outline#multinationalcompanies
2.
Analyze how the author conveys her attitude towards the issue of egg-freezing. Give evidence from Text A.
$(25\,\%)$
#analysis
3.
Mediation
You are working on an international school project dealing with the world of work in the 21st century. Sum up the information Text B provides on the strategies German companies are considering or have already implemented to attract employees and how such policies affect individuals and society.
$(20\,\%)$
#mediation
4.
Choose one of the following tasks:
4.1
“What’s ‘creepy’ is the suggestion that the company should be able to suggest an incentive for every employee decision, even the most intimate and personal ones.” (Text A, ll. 45-47)
Explain the quotation and discuss if people should let their employers influence decisions they make about their personal lives.
$(35\,\%)$
OR
4.2
Compare the attitude of the author’s Taiwanese roommate to that of a character from literature or film who is worried about losing control of his/her personal life due to pressure from his/her surroundings. Assess the way they cope with their situations.
$(35\,\%)$
OR
4.3
Write a letter to the editor in which you comment on egg-freezing and other ways of technology can be used to alter nature. Refer to Millner's article and your knowledge about the issue.
Address your letter to:
Letter to the Editor
San Francisco Gate
901 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94103
USA
$(35\,\%)$
#discussion#comparison#lettertotheeditor

Text A

Egg freezing perk from Apple, Facebook is creepy

By Caille Millner

1
[…] Apple and Facebook became the first major companies to offer elective egg-freezing for their employees this week. In a statement to the Los Angeles Times, Apple explained the perk in terms of feminist empowerment: “We want to empower women at Apple to do the best work of their lives as they care for loved ones and raise their families.” […]
5
They could have offered on-site day care. (Currently, Facebook offers 5 full-time on-site day care only for dogs; Apple offers none for dogs or humans.)
They could have offered to ease negotiations about flexible work schedules for new parents. Above all, they could have offered transparent salary scales and guaranteed pay equity.
Women feel far better about starting a family when they know they won’t be penalized, either
10
economically or in terms of career opportunity, for doing so.
Instead, Apple and Facebook are offering egg-freezing, an intrusive procedure with a limited success rate. It’s a complicated, physically grueling process that provides no guarantees about future parenthood.
Because egg-freezing is such a major procedure, a few of the media reports called the
15
announcements “creepy.” Indeed they are.
And indeed they are something even more insidious, something with the potential for real negative social consequences.
Don’t take it from me — take it from someone who knows what it’s like to live with the consequences of deeply personal incentives that come couched in the language of freedom.
20
That someone is my former roommate, who grew up in Taiwan. He worked at a fairly staid Web 1.0 company. His company offered good benefits, but nothing exceptional — when we lived together, he took public transportation to work and cooked his own meals.
Since he’s highly skilled, many tech recruiters from flashier companies tried to hire him away. He turned all of them down.
25
One night while we were making dinner, I asked him why. “Aren’t you tempted by all of the perks? Don’t they have transportation services, free dry cleaning, all-you-can-eat sushi? You don’t want any of that?”
He was chopping vegetables, but he put the knife down. “I wasn’t allowed to speak my native language in school because of the government’s
30
policies about common language and social harmony,” he said to me. “I can barely speak my own language today. And that’s just me — the stories I heard growing up from people who had escaped the Cultural Revolution …”
He paused for a moment to collect himself. Then he leaned against the kitchen counter and continued:
35
“Look, these companies offer to do everything for their employees, and a lot of people are attracted to the chance to be taken care of. It’s convenient, I understand that. But I’m not giving control for even my little decisions to any company.
Maybe I’m a little paranoid because of my background, but I feel like it always ends in someone else telling you how you can behave in public, how you can talk, what your family
40
can be — I could go on and on.”
He took up the knife again and began chopping with greater force. I poured drinks for both of us.
Paranoid? More like prophetic.
To encourage your employees down this path is to suggest that they should consider the
45
company’s timeline above that of their bodies. What’s “creep”y is the suggestion that the company should be able to suggest an incentive for every employee decision, even the most intimate and personal ones. It’s a demand for control, couched in the rhetoric of empowerment.
In America, we don’t believe in ceding that kind of control to the state. Our weakness is for
50
business, and for success, so we’re far more likely to surrender it to those who employ us. […]
$\quad\quad\;\;$(612 words)
$\,$
Source: Millner, Caille. “Egg freezing perk from Apple, Facebook is creepy.” SFGate. October 17, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2014. http://www.sfgate.com/ entertainment/article/ Big-doubts-about-egg-freezing-perk-from-Apple- 5829853.php.

Annotations

Lines
8equityfairness, equality
20staidconservative, boring
32Cultural Revolutionradical socio-political movement in China, 1966-1976, led by Mao Zedong and characterized by military rule, restructuring of the educational system, etc.
#socialmedia

Text B

Das gefährliche Verhätscheln der Mitarbeiter

Flora Wisdorff

Betriebs-Kita und Eizellen-Einfrieren sind nur einige der vielen Angebote, mit denen Firmen Fachkräfte anlocken.1 Doch die scheinbar harmlosen Annehmlichkeiten können gravierende Auswirkungen haben.
1
[…] [D]as “Social Freezing” ist nur ein besonders umstrittenes Angebot, das sich aber einreiht in die vielen Vorteile, mit denen US-Internetunternehmen die besten Köpfe anziehen wollen – um ihre Arbeitskraft maximal ausschöpfen zu können.
Sie bieten ihren Mitarbeitern eine Art zweite Heimat an, inklusive der Organisation ihres
5
Privatlebens. Google-Chef Larry Page bringt es auf den Punkt: ”Es ist wichtig, dass das Unternehmen wie eine Familie für den Arbeitnehmer ist“, sagt Page der Zeitschrift ”Fortune“. In den USA heißt es: Die jungen Programmierer würden bei Mama aus und bei Facebook, Google und Co. einziehen.
Doch was die einen als Vereinfachung ihres Lebens sehen, könnte auch in steigenden
10
Einfluss der Wirtschaft auf das Privatleben umschlagen. […]
Auch in Deutschland fehlen Fachkräfte
Experten sind sich einig, dass es solche Angebote bald auch in Deutschland geben wird. Schließlich befindet sich Deutschland inmitten eines dramatischen demografischen Wandels, der schon jetzt zu Engpässen bei Fachkräften führt. Es gilt, diese anzulocken und sie so viele
15
Stunden wie möglich zur Verfügung zu haben.
Zukunftsforscher Sven Gabor Janszky sieht eine Entwicklung zu ‚Caring Companies‘, die ihren Mitarbeitern nicht nur Social Freezing, sondern auch betriebseigene Schulen, Pflegedienste für die Eltern [anbieten] und Kosten für Versicherungen oder den Urlaub übernehmen.
20
Die deutschen Unternehmen sind längst dabei, sich subtil in das Privatleben ihrer Mitarbeiter einzuschalten. Das fängt damit an, dass sich die Firmen verstärkt darum bemühen, dass Mitarbeiter gesund leben, damit sie länger arbeiten können. […]
Wir sehen euch als Human Resource
Wo die Grenze zwischen unerwünschtem Einmischen und erwünschter Unterstützung liegt,
25
sei auch bei der Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf eine Grauzone, sagt Wirtschaftsethiker Suchanek. Beispiel Betriebskita: Wenn die Kita bis 19 Uhr geöffnet habe, könne das einerseits eine Erleichterung sein für Eltern, die die Freiheit haben wollen, Vollzeit arbeiten zu können und Karriere zu machen.
Andererseits, so Suchanek, könne der Arbeitgeber genau diese Arbeitszeiten dann auch
30
erwarten. ”So kann ein sanfter Zwang entstehen, ganz ähnlich wie beim Social Freezing“, sagt der Wirtschaftsethiker.
Das Gleiche gilt für das Angebot, im Krankheitsfall eines Kindes die Betreuung zu vermitteln. Das kann eine Hilfe sein, andererseits würden sich viele gern selbst um ihr krankes Kind kümmern. […]
$\quad\quad\;\;$(370 Wörter)
$\,$
Quelle: Wisdorff, Flora. „https://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article133487093/Das-gefaehrliche-Verhaetscheln-der-Mitarbeiter.html“. Die Welt. 21. Oktober 2014. Entnommen am 21. April 2015. http://www.welt.de/ wirtschaft/article133487093/ Das-gefaehrliche-Verhaetscheln-der- Mitarbeiter.html.
1 Ursprüngliche Formulierung: „… einige der vielen Angeboten, mit dem Firmen …“ korrigiert.
#newspaper
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Part 1: Non-Fiction Text

1
Outline Millner’s and her former roommate’s concerns about companies trying to control their employees’ private lives. (Text A)
(20$\,\%$)
Achte auf den genutzten Operator outline. Dieser sagt dir, dass du dich auf die wichtigsten Punkte im Text konzentrieren sollst und diese hervorheben musst aber nicht analysieren oder kommentieren sollst.
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du die Bedenken von Millner und seinem ehemaligen Mitbewohner nennen. Deine Zusammenfassung sollte zeigen, dass Millner und auch sein ehemaliger Mitbewohner dem Angebot von Apple und Facebook kritisch gegenüber stehen, vor allem dem dadurch entstehenden Kontrollverlust auf Seiten der Arbeitnehmer.
2
Analyze how the author conveys her attitude towards the issue of egg-freezing. Give evidence from Text A.
(25$\,\%$)
In dieser Aufgabe ist es wichtig, dass du beschreibst und erklärst, wie Millner ihre Haltung zum Thema in ihrem Artikel übermittelt. Außerdem sollst du die von dir verwendeten Informationen am Text belegen.
Deine Analyse sollte ergeben, dass die Autorin nicht nur ihre eigene Meinung darstellt, sondern diese auch mit Hilfe von verschiedenen Gesichtspunkten stützt. Neben der allgemeinen Meinung der Presse, geht sie auch auf eine sehr persönliche Meinung ihres ehemaligen Mitbewohners ein. Hierbei ist zu beachten, dass alle besprochenen Haltungen dem Thema "egg-freezing" kritisch gegenüberstehen.
3
Mediation
You are working on an international school project dealing with the world of work in the 21st century. Sum up the information Text B provides on the strategies German companies are considering or have already implemented to attract employees and how such policies affect individuals and society.
(20$\,\%$)
Bei einer Mediation geht es darum, dass du die Kernaussagen aus dem deutschen Text in einem kurzen Text auf Englisch zusammenfasst. Hierbei solltest du darauf achten, nach welchen Schwerpunkten in der Aufgabenstellung gefragt wird. Außerdem ist es wichtig, dass du den vorgegebenen Text nicht direkt übersetzt, sondern du sollst paraphrasieren, d.h. die Aussagen in deinen eigenen Worten ausdrücken. Es kann sein, dass in dem Ausgangstext sprach- oder kulturspezifische Wörter vorkommen, die du dann gut verständlich umschreiben musst.
4
Choose one of the following tasks:
4.1
“What’s ‘creepy’ is the suggestion that the company should be able to suggest an incentive for every employee decision, even the most intimate and personal ones.” (Text A, ll. 45-47)
Explain the quotation and discuss if people should let their employers influence decisions they make about their personal lives.
(35$\,\%$)
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du dich auf den Text A beziehen und auf einen von dir gewählten Text. In diesem Text sollte ein Protagonist vorkommen, der ebenfalls einen Machtverlust fürchtet und es sollte beschrieben werden, wie der Protagonist mit dieser Situation umgeht. Der erste Operator compare verlangt, dass du die Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede der Haltung der beiden Personen gegenüber der Unterdrückung benennst. Im zweiten Teil der Aufgabe sollst du beurteilen, wie die beiden Charaktere mit ihrer Situation umgehen. Findest du ihr Verhalten nachvollziehbar und angemessen oder nicht?

OR
4.2
Compare the attitude of the author’s Taiwanese roommate to that of a character from literature or film who is worried about losing control of his/her personal life due to pressure from his/her surroundings. Assess the way they cope with their situations.
(35$\,\%$)

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du dich auf den Text A beziehen und auf einen von dir gewählten Text. In diesem Text sollte ein Protagonist vorkommen, der ebenfalls einen Machtverlust fürchtet und es sollte beschrieben werden, wie der Protagonist mit dieser Situation umgeht. Der erste Operator compare verlangt, dass du die Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede der Haltung der beiden Personen gegenüber der Unterdrückung benennst. Im zweiten Teil der Aufgabe sollst du beurteilen, wie die beiden Charaktere mit ihrer Situation umgehen. Findest du ihr Verhalten nachvollziehbar und angemessen oder nicht?
OR
4.3
Write a letter to the editor in which you comment on egg-freezing and other ways of technology can be used to alter nature. Refer to Millner's article and your knowledge about the issue.
Address your letter to:
Letter to the Editor
San Francisco Gate
901 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94103
USA
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du einen Leserbrief schreiben, der an den Redakteur der San Francisco Gate Zeitung addressiert sein soll. In dem Brief sollst du auf den Artikel von Caille Millner Bezug nehmen und daraufhin das Thema "egg-freezing" sowie weitere Methoden, wie man natürliche Vorgänge modifizieren kann, kommentieren. Kommmentieren heißt, dass es um deine Meinung zum Thema geht und du diese mit Fakten stützen sollst. Achte auf die formale Briefform, hier musst du rechts oben deinen Namen und deine Adresse schreiben, dann links darunter die Daten der Zeitung und wieder rechts das Datum. Am Ende deines Briefes solltest du mit "With regards", einer Leerzeile und deinem Namen enden.
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Lösungen
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Part 1: Non-Fiction Text

1
Outline Millner’s and her former roommate’s concerns about companies trying to control their employees’ private lives. (Text A)
$\,$
Tipp
Achte auf den genutzten Operator outline. Dieser sagt dir, dass du dich auf die wichtigsten Punkte im Text konzentrieren sollst und diese hervorheben musst aber nicht analysieren oder kommentieren sollst.
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du die Bedenken von Millner und seinem ehemaligen Mitbewohner nennen. Deine Zusammenfassung sollte zeigen, dass Millner und auch sein ehemaliger Mitbewohner dem Angebot von Apple und Facebook kritisch gegenüber stehen, vor allem dem dadurch entstehenden Kontrollverlust auf Seiten der Arbeitnehmer.
Tipp
Achte auf den genutzten Operator outline. Dieser sagt dir, dass du dich auf die wichtigsten Punkte im Text konzentrieren sollst und diese hervorheben musst aber nicht analysieren oder kommentieren sollst.
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du die Bedenken von Millner und seinem ehemaligen Mitbewohner nennen. Deine Zusammenfassung sollte zeigen, dass Millner und auch sein ehemaliger Mitbewohner dem Angebot von Apple und Facebook kritisch gegenüber stehen, vor allem dem dadurch entstehenden Kontrollverlust auf Seiten der Arbeitnehmer.
In the article at hand, Millner discusses the proposal by Apple and Facebook of egg-freezing to their employees. Millner and her former roommate are both concerned about companies taking more and more control over their employees' private lives.
Her former roommate experienced political oppression and the offers from companies like Apple and Facebook remind him of this (Text, line 29-32). He points out that it is convenient to be cared for but that it also means losing control of your own life (Text, line 36 f.). Millner does not only concern the loss of control but that it is presented to the employees as an increase of their self-determination (Text, line 47 f.). Furthermore, Millner points out that the companies demand the employees to postpone their private goals in favour for the company's timeline (Text, line 44 f.). Another important point is made by Millner when she argues that Americans fight against the state taking control over their private lives, but as soon as they see an opportunity to progress their business they do not mind the loss of control (Text, line 49 f.).
#outline
2
Analyze how the author conveys her attitude towards the issue of egg-freezing. Give evidence from Text A.
$\,$
Tipp
Deine Analyse sollte ergeben, dass die Autorin nicht nur ihre eigene Meinung darstellt, sondern diese auch mit Hilfe von verschiedenen Gesichtspunkten stützt. Neben der allgemeinen Meinung der Presse, geht sie auch auf eine sehr persönliche Meinung ihres ehemaligen Mitbewohners ein. Hierbei ist zu beachten, dass alle besprochenen Haltungen dem Thema "egg-freezing" kritisch gegenüberstehen.
Tipp
Deine Analyse sollte ergeben, dass die Autorin nicht nur ihre eigene Meinung darstellt, sondern diese auch mit Hilfe von verschiedenen Gesichtspunkten stützt. Neben der allgemeinen Meinung der Presse, geht sie auch auf eine sehr persönliche Meinung ihres ehemaligen Mitbewohners ein. Hierbei ist zu beachten, dass alle besprochenen Haltungen dem Thema "egg-freezing" kritisch gegenüberstehen.
At the beginning of the article, Millner highlights the aim which Apple and Facebook want to achieve through their offer for planned parenthood and argues that egg-freezing is not needed for that. An on-site day care for example, (Text A, line 1-5)could be a better alternative. Millner thinks this is a good idea because egg-freezing is not only a complicated and gruel procedure but it also does not guarantee a future parenthood (Text A, line 11-13). Furthermore, the media is concerned and thinks that Apple's and Facebook's announcements are "creepy" (Text A, line 14 f.). This shows that Millner uses facts and opinions from others to support her critical and sceptical attitude towards the topic.
After this theoretical approach, she concentrates on a more personal opinion displayed through her former roomate's point of view. She lets the reader be part of a discussion between them in which she first highlights the positive advantages some companies offer, such as "transportation services, free dry cleaning [and] all-you-can-eat sushi" (Text A, line 26), before her roomate explains why he is concerned about the announcements. He argues that employees loose control over their private lives, which reminds him of political oppression in his homeland Taiwan (Text A, line 29 f.). This is a drastic comparison which she again picks up in the end of her article when saying that Americans are against political control, but do not mind if their companies take this control (Text A, line 49 f.).
In the last part Millner speaks about her own attitude towards egg-freezing in a more detailed way. She supports her roommate's point of view and adds that not only the loss of control is disturbing, but also that the companies sell their offer as an empowerment for their employees (Text A, line 47 f.). All things considered, Millner conveys her attitude not only by stating her own opinon, but also by showing opinons from others. In addition, she does not only displays her own concern, but also suggests a solution without freezing eggs.
#analysis
3
Mediation
You are working on an international school project dealing with the world of work in the 21st century. Sum up the information Text B provides on the strategies German companies are considering or have already implemented to attract employees and how such policies affect individuals and society.
(20$\,\%$)
$\,$
Tipp
Bei einer Mediation geht es darum, dass du die Kernaussagen aus dem deutschen Text in einem kurzen Text auf Englisch zusammenfasst. Hierbei solltest du darauf achten, nach welchen Schwerpunkten in der Aufgabenstellung gefragt wird. Außerdem ist es wichtig, dass du den vorgegebenen Text nicht direkt übersetzt, sondern du sollst paraphrasieren, d.h. die Aussagen in deinen eigenen Worten ausdrücken. Es kann sein, dass in dem Ausgangstext sprach- oder kulturspezifische Wörter vorkommen, die du dann gut verständlich umschreiben musst.
Tipp
Bei einer Mediation geht es darum, dass du die Kernaussagen aus dem deutschen Text in einem kurzen Text auf Englisch zusammenfasst. Hierbei solltest du darauf achten, nach welchen Schwerpunkten in der Aufgabenstellung gefragt wird. Außerdem ist es wichtig, dass du den vorgegebenen Text nicht direkt übersetzt, sondern du sollst paraphrasieren, d.h. die Aussagen in deinen eigenen Worten ausdrücken. Es kann sein, dass in dem Ausgangstext sprach- oder kulturspezifische Wörter vorkommen, die du dann gut verständlich umschreiben musst.
In the given article the author Flora Wisdorff discusses the strategies considered or already used by German companies to attract qualified employees. In addition she also points out how these strategies affect individuals and society.
The focus of the company's policies is on children, how they can be integrated in their parents' work life. Companies offer egg-freezing, nurseries and schools on their campus, and even care for sick children, in order to provide the parents with the possibility to work full-time. Not only are the children cared for, but also help for care-dependent parents is provided. For the employees themselves the companies try to be a second home which means that they look after them and after their health, so they are able to work as long as possible. Another benefit is that companies pay for insurances and holidays.
Most of these policies affect especially the social life of the employees and the border between the employee's work life and social life is not clear cut anymore. The well-organised child care can be a big help for parents but also a restriction of their parental care, as some of the parents might want to be with their sick child. All of this results in a change of society and an unclear border between the individuals' social and work life.
#mediation
4
Choose one of the following tasks:
4.1
“What’s ‘creepy’ is the suggestion that the company should be able to suggest an incentive for every employee decision, even the most intimate and personal ones.” (Text A, ll. 45-47)
Explain the quotation and discuss if people should let their employers influence decisions they make about their personal lives.
Tipp
Hier musst du aufpassen, denn es gibt zwei wichtige Operatoren in der Aufgabenstellung.
Erklären: Du sollst das Zitat erklären und definieren, indem du Gründe zu der Aussage anführst.
Diskutieren: Hier solltest du zuerst Argumente sammeln, die für und gegen die Aussage sprechen, sodass du das Thema von allen Seiten beleuchten kannst. Außerdem ist deine Meinung gefragt: Wie stehst du zu dem angesprochenen Thema? Ordne von deiner Meinung abhängig die Argumente sinnvoll, sodass am Ende eine schlüssige Diskussion entsteht.
Tipp
Hier musst du aufpassen, denn es gibt zwei wichtige Operatoren in der Aufgabenstellung.
Erklären: Du sollst das Zitat erklären und definieren, indem du Gründe zu der Aussage anführst.
Diskutieren: Hier solltest du zuerst Argumente sammeln, die für und gegen die Aussage sprechen, sodass du das Thema von allen Seiten beleuchten kannst. Außerdem ist deine Meinung gefragt: Wie stehst du zu dem angesprochenen Thema? Ordne von deiner Meinung abhängig die Argumente sinnvoll, sodass am Ende eine schlüssige Diskussion entsteht.

In the quotation, Callie Millner refers to recent trends that companies take control over their employees' social life. She thinks it is creepy that companies are involved in the most intimate and personal questions of their employees. This includes questions considering mainly the employee's health and family plans. The company's involvement can be seen as a huge gain of control over their employees in favour of the company's goals. The companies are no longer part of the work life of an individual, but of the whole life and every question, no matter if personal or professional.
The discussion about the company's involvement in their employees' lives is difficult and diverse, as every individual is different. Millner takes a rather critical position on the issue in her article by calling the situation "creepy", but other opinions should also be taken into consideration. Whereas the offers made by the companies do have positive effects for their employees, the question is still whether it is wise to rely on a company's opinion when your personal life is involved.
It does not have to be creepy when a company offers its employees a nice and productive work climate. Such conveniences can reach from free coffee to a free dry cleaning. These are strategies to make the employee's work life easier and can result in a better work force. But does this also work for the employee's personal life?
Companies are trying to support their employees often to stay fit and active, so they live healthier. Both, company and employee, can benefit from such an offer. Sometimes the employees are motivated by a bonus. But the health of an individual is a rather private issue and is it right that a company not only gets sensitive information about their employee's state of health but also takes control over it? This gives the companies a lot of power over their employees and often there is no transparency concerning what happens to the information. Furthermore, as soon as a company asks its employees to live healthier it is part of the personal life and a working person is also in his home-life subject to his company. This involvement in the time away from the company's campus also shows when companies offer holidays and leisure time activities. On the one hand is it handy to be offered such amenities. If the free activities take place on the campus, time can be saved and money. On the other hand is it the power of a company when it is able to decide what their employees do not only while working, but also in their leisure time. The employees may think that they have a choice but this is taken by the company as it selects what is offered. This should always be taken into account when thinking about accepting such an offer.
Another way to support their employees, but mostly the company's goals, is to organise child care for their employee's children. This is a big help mostly for women who want to work and have children. The nurseries and schools next to the office make this possible and even though the parents are not with their children, it feels like it because they are so close. This can also result in a feeling of pressure to come back to work soon after the children are born and not to stay home with them enjoying the special time together. Another point that must be considered is that not the parents choose the nursery, but the company. The company employs the nursery school teacher and the other teachers, considering its own ideas and advantages and not the parents' opinions, although the parents should be the ones who decide how their children are raised and by whom.
The most dicussed offer is egg-freezing. It suggests freezing women's eggs in order to make a later pregnancy possible. The only positive aspect can be seen on the companies' side, as they benefit from female employees who are younger and more productive. Women themselves have to endure a medical procedure that is not only a health risk, but also a "physically grueling process that provides no guarantees about future parenthood" (Text A, line 12f.). This means that women risk their health not knowing if they will get pregant in the future, so they may even risk their dream of life. This would not only be a shortterm question that the company takes control of, but the company deciding how their employee's lives are lived in a whole.
Considering all these different aspects, I think it is wise to differentiate between the various offers and to think about what consequences they have for yourself. Employees should always question their employers' intention before accepting offers that influence them not only in their work life. In my opinion everyone should find a balance in how much they let their employer influence their private decisions and in how far they want to keep their personal life private. This is only possible as long as companies accept their employees' decisions. All in all it is important that employees do not accept the influence of their employers in order to make a career, which means that they sell their private life in favour of a career.
OR
4.2
Compare the attitude of the author’s Taiwanese roommate to that of a character from literature or film who is worried about losing control of his/her personal life due to pressure from his/her surroundings. Assess the way they cope with their situations.
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Tipp
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du dich auf den Text A beziehen und auf einen von dir gewählten Text. In diesem Text sollte ein Protagonist vorkommen, der ebenfalls einen Machtverlust fürchtet und es sollte beschrieben werden, wie der Protagonist mit dieser Situation umgeht. Der erste Operator compare verlangt, dass du die Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede der Haltung der beiden Personen gegenüber der Unterdrückung benennst. Im zweiten Teil der Aufgabe sollst du beurteilen, wie die beiden Charaktere mit ihrer Situation umgehen. Findest du ihr Verhalten nachvollziehbar und angemessen oder nicht?
Tipp
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du dich auf den Text A beziehen und auf einen von dir gewählten Text. In diesem Text sollte ein Protagonist vorkommen, der ebenfalls einen Machtverlust fürchtet und es sollte beschrieben werden, wie der Protagonist mit dieser Situation umgeht. Der erste Operator compare verlangt, dass du die Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede der Haltung der beiden Personen gegenüber der Unterdrückung benennst. Im zweiten Teil der Aufgabe sollst du beurteilen, wie die beiden Charaktere mit ihrer Situation umgehen. Findest du ihr Verhalten nachvollziehbar und angemessen oder nicht?
The roommate who is referred to in Millner's article Egg freezing perk from Apple, Facebook is creepy (published 2014) has experienced a political suppression in his home country Taiwan, but he now lives in a free country. The time living in Taiwan has shaped his idea of freedom very much. Winston Smith from the book nineteen eighty-four by George Orwell (published 1949) still lives in a political suppressed state and has to find the balance between accepting the loss of control and fighting against the oppression.
Both characters come to the point that they want to fight against losing control over their social life and for their political and personal freedom. Winston Smith first accepts that decisions about his social life are made by the political system, but then he starts fighting against it by trying to escape the control of the state. He finds illegal places where he can be free and meets like-minded people. Millner's roomate did not fight while he lived with surroundings that did not allow him to decide whether he wanted to speak his native language or not, which is shown when he says that he "can barely speak [his] own language" (Text A, line 30f.). He could have fought by learning his language even though this was forbidden. However, he starts fighting as soon as it is possible in his point of view. He starts fighting by not letting companies make decisions about his personal life because he thinks that it is critical to give away control, which is something the time living in Taiwan has taught him. He holds onto as much control over his social life as possible.
Millner's roommate has a very critical attitude towards the loss of control, which makes it not possible for him to give away any of it. He says that he would "not [give] control for even [his] little decisions to any company" (Text A, line 36f.), because he thinks that this would always end in someone else telling him what to do. Comparing this to Winston it becomes clear that he passes through a progress which makes him question his surroundings until he does no longer want to be controlled in such a magnitude and becomes more and more critical towards the ruling regime. He no longer wants to be restricted by the controlling system, so he starts to fight back .
As soon as Winston has decided that his social life should not be controlled by the state, he tries to demonstrate passively by writing down his thoughts in a secret journal, but soon this is not enough. As a next step in his revolution he finds like-minded people with whom he wants to overthrow the system in order to gain control over his own life again. This shows that he not only fights passively but actively. This active component cannot be found in the roommate's fight, as he endured the suppression in his home country and now avoids the loss of control, but does not actively fight against it.
To sum it up Millner's roommate did not fight against his loss of control, but it must be kept in mind that at this time in his life he has probably been younger than Winston at the time when he starts his fight. Still the roommate only tries to not be in such a situation again whereas Winston decides to fight for the power over his life. He is not in the position to choose if the control is taken from him or not, so he has to fight to change his current situation. Both want to keep the power over their personal life, but their different positions cause a different way of dealing with the situation.

OR
4.3
Write a letter to the editor in which you comment on egg-freezing and other ways of technology can be used to alter nature. Refer to Millner's article and your knowledge about the issue.
Address your letter to:
Letter to the Editor
San Francisco Gate
901 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94103
USA
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Tipp
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du einen Leserbrief schreiben, der an den Redakteur der San Francisco Gate Zeitung addressiert sein soll. In dem Brief sollst du auf den Artikel von Caille Millner Bezug nehmen und daraufhin das Thema "egg-freezing" sowie weitere Methoden, wie man natürliche Vorgänge modifizieren kann, kommentieren. Kommmentieren heißt, dass es um deine Meinung zum Thema geht und du diese mit Fakten stützen sollst.
Achte auf die formale Briefform, hier musst du rechts oben deinen Namen und deine Adresse schreiben, dann links darunter die Daten der Zeitung und wieder rechts das Datum. Am Ende deines Briefes solltest du mit "With regards", einer Leerzeile und deinem Namen enden.
Tipp
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du einen Leserbrief schreiben, der an den Redakteur der San Francisco Gate Zeitung addressiert sein soll. In dem Brief sollst du auf den Artikel von Caille Millner Bezug nehmen und daraufhin das Thema "egg-freezing" sowie weitere Methoden, wie man natürliche Vorgänge modifizieren kann, kommentieren. Kommmentieren heißt, dass es um deine Meinung zum Thema geht und du diese mit Fakten stützen sollst.
Achte auf die formale Briefform, hier musst du rechts oben deinen Namen und deine Adresse schreiben, dann links darunter die Daten der Zeitung und wieder rechts das Datum. Am Ende deines Briefes solltest du mit "With regards", einer Leerzeile und deinem Namen enden.
John Doe
Kaiserstraße 124B
76133 Karlsruhe
Germany
Letters to the Editor
San Francisco Gate
901 Mission Street
San Francisco, CA 94103
USA
15th of August, 2016
To whom it may concern,
I have just read Caille Millner's article Egg freezing perk from Apple, Facebook is creepy, which has been published on the 17th of Ocotber in 2014 in your newspaper. I think that the topic is really interesting, this is why I would like to share my thoughts with you.
One positive aspect about egg-freezing is that it gives women the possibility to make a career and to have children. This is a desire many modern women have and it is important that companies try to find a solution to solve this rather difficult problem. Whether egg-freezing is the ideal solution must be discussed. Millner already states that egg-freezing is not only a cruel porcedure, but it also does not guarantee a future motherhood. This means that egg-freezing is an easy solution for the companies as they only have to pay for it, which is the only disadvantage for them. This clearly contrasts to the fact that the women suffer again. It could also happen that they have no choice because companies could make it a criterion to hire women them depending on whether they agree to egg-freezing or not. This would only give women the chance to make a career which sacrifice their health and risk not to become a mother as egg-freezing does not always result in a pregnancy. All this makes egg-freezing not the perfect solution and women should absolutely not be forced to agree to it.
Not only is egg-freezing a rather brutal solution to make a career possible for women, but it is also a critical intervention into nature. The egg-freezing does prevent that the eggs could be subject to gene mutations but this is not the only factor that is different when a women gets pregnant at a later age. The companies want to keep the young and strong women in their work force, but in my opinion this is the time that women are best equipped to raise children. Younger parents have more time with their children if seen in total and this gives them a chance to see their grandchildren grow up, which is not the case if the woman is older. Each of these aspects are not taken into consideration by the companies because they are not relevant to them, which illustrates that they are interested in their profit and not in the women that work for them.
When considering the intervention into nature it is not only egg-freezing that must be discussed, but other new technologies to alter nature and especially human nature. Another method that has evoked a controversial discussion is the technique with which scientist can slice the human genome. On the one hand it is a really effective tool to treat human diseases like cancer, which makes it worth researching on, but on the other hand I think that it also brings doubtful prospects. At this point, no one can say how this method will effect future generations. Another problem is an ethical problem, because the method can also be used to modify the genes of human embryos. Parents could decide which eye colour, hight or hair colour their future child should have, would this give us only perfect humans in the next generations? And is it right that parents are allowed to decided about their embryo's life, even though every human has a right to self-determination? Considering these questions it becomes clear to me that as soon as we alter nature it becomes very difficult to decide wether what we do is acceptable or against our human beliefs and convictions.
Personally I think that these new technologies should be thought over carefully and that there should be clear boundaries in which scientist are allowed to work with them. Further should these boundaries be discussed with society. In my view the most conserning aspect is that we do not know today how these methods effect furture gernerations . We can not say how children are effected longdated if they were frozen as an egg and born by an older women. Also we do not know if changes in the human genes cause unknown mutations in the next generations. All this uncertainty should make us alert and careful if we want to use these methods in the future.
I do agree with Millner that there should be other solutions which are not as unsafe and uncertain as egg-freezing. There are other solutions to this problem and women should not have to sacrifice anything for their dreams.
Sincerely,
John Doe
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