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• Prüfungsvorbereitung
• Original-Prüfungsaufgaben 2004-2020
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Aufgaben

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From tiny Irish island to tourist hotspot
When "Star Wars: The Force Awakens" premiered in Dublin, the room broke out in applause at the sight of the Irish island Skellig Michael. During an important film scene the audience is taken to an isolated, mystical island that rises majestically from the blue sea. But this island isn't on some galaxy far, far away.The island Skellig Michaelis very real. You don't need a spaceship to get there, you just need a boat to cross the
5
choppy seven miles of open sea off the southwest tip of Ireland. The island is a UNESCO World Heritage site that hosts the remains of a sixth century Christian monastery.
The site has long been a reufge where people went to connect with God. When you land, you are greeted by Bob Harris, a local tourist guide. He will tell you all about a small group of adventurous, deeply religiou Christian monks who founded the monastery there. Generations of monks stayed there for over 600 years.
10
They ate birds' eggs and dried fish, they grew vegetables, kept a few sheep and goats for milk and may have received an occasional bag of grain from the mainland. They would go down the steps to the sea early every morning and fish for their first meal. They would spend most of the day praying in the church, tending to their gardens and studying. Their huts, which were round on the outside and rectangular on the inside, were carefully built so that no drop of rain ever entered between the stones. To this day the monks' huts,
15
chapel, and graveyard have remained almost exactly the same. "The magical thing to me is the fact when you look into these dark huts and doorways today you feel exactly what 6th-century men might have felt," Harris said.
However, Skellig Michale has not been such a popular tourist attraction over the centuries because it's hard to get there from the mainland. That will change now because of the movie connection. Gerard Keith, owner
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of the Lighthouse Guesthouse in Portmagee on the mainland across from Skellig Michale, said, "The movie is generating an enormous amount of interest and bookings - we will have people coming from across the world this summer, from Australia to Americ." Brenda Thompson, an official from Tourist Ireland said, "Tourist numbers are rising in Ireland because of the fall of the euro against the dollar. That's the reason why trips to Ireland from North America have risen about 15 percent compared to the same period last
25
year."
This increase in the number of visitors is good for the Irish economy. The problem is that the expectation has been created that people will be able to reach the island. "We cannot allow too many tourists on such a tiny place - just 180 a day - and so a lot of them will be disappointed", added Gerard Keith. "the boat tours are already more or less sold out for the short May-to-September season." He complained that these
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restrictions had already cost him and his colleagues 1.8 million pound in possible earnings. "That's why we are asking for a longer visiting season for Skellig Michael: from April to the beginning of November."
Not everybody is delighted with the idea of ferrying more tourists onto the island. Conservationist Claire O'Halloran complains that Skellig Michael's ecological treasures are being endangered by an agrressive marketing campaign advertising the island. She points out that the eco-system on the island is "extremely
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fragile" and that it needs a recreational break from the tourists. "These advertisements for the famous Hollywood movie are the biggest threats the island has faced in the last century." One of the major worries among ecologists is the negative effect on protected bird species such as puffins. An increasing number of boats might accidentally bring rats onto the island, which would endanger birds and their chicks.
In view of these concerns, Tourism Ireland wants to limit the number of visitors. Many tour operators are
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now changing their programmes to give visitors a flavour of this rocky island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean even if they cannot set foot on it. Several boat operators are offering boat trips which also take visitors to places where they get a good chance of watching dolphins and whales. "Others provide a number of bus tours that take people out to the Ring of Kerry where on a cloud-free day they can see Skellig Island", said Brenda Thompson. "So although many tourists are not allowed onto the island itself
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they are able to get near this mystical place in the Atlantic Ocean."
1.
Match the headings (A-H) with the paragraphs (1-6). Write the letters in the boxes. Use each letter once. There are two headings you do not need. One heading (A) is already matched.
 Paragraph 1 (lines 1-6) $\;$ A $\;$ Paragraph 2 (lines 7-17) Paragraph 3 (lines 18-25) Paragraph 4 (lines 26-31) Paragraph 5 (lines 32-38) Paragraph 6 (lines 39-45)
2.
Answer the following questions according to the text on pages 14-15. Short answers are enough. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
(0)
Where was "The Force Awakens" shown for the first time in Ireland?
in Dublin
(1)
How far is Skellig Michael away from the Irish mainland?
(2)
What did the monks have to do to get their fish?
(3)
Why can more North American tourists now afford to come to Ireland?
(4)
When is the visiting season for Skellig Michael?
(5)
What is a possible threat to the breeding birds besides the tourists?
(6)
What are the exact weather conditions that allow visitors to see Skellig Michael from the Ring of Kerry?
3.
Which person could have said this? Answer this question according to the text on pages 14-15. Write the correct letter in the box. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
• A $\;$ Bob Harris
• B $\;$ Claire O'Halloran
• C $\;$ Gerard Keith
• D $\;$ Brenda Thompson
 (0) "Tourism is booming in Ireland." $\;$ D $\;$ (1) "We are losing a lot of money!" (2) "The monastery with its huts has not changed much!" (3) "We should stop promoting Skellig Michael!" (4) "We can't take you to Skellig Michael but we can bring you close"
4.
The following words have various meanings. Which of the meanings below is the one used in the text? Write the correct number down. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
 (1) rise (line 3) rise Verb 1 aufgehen 2 aufragen, sich erheben 3 steigen, aufsteigen rise Nomen 4 Aufstieg
 (3) reach (line 27) reach Verb 1 erzielen 2 reichen 3 erreichen 4 eintreffen reach Nomen 5 Reichweite
 (5) concern (line 39) concern Verb 1 betreffen concern Nomen 2 Unternehmen 3 Teilnahme 4 Sorge
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1.
$\blacktriangleright$  Match headlines
 Paragraph 1 (lines 1-6) $\;$ A $\;$ Paragraph 2 (lines 7-17) B Paragraph 3 (lines 18-25) F Paragraph 4 (lines 26-31) C Paragraph 5 (lines 32-38) H Paragraph 6 (lines 39-45) E
2.
$\blacktriangleright$  Answer questions
(1)
How far is Skellig Michael away from the Irish mainland?
7 miles/seven miles
(2)
What did the monks have to do to get their fish?
go down the steps (to the sea) (every morning) / go fishing
(3)
Why can more North American tourists now afford to come to Ireland?
because of the fall of the euro (against the dollar)
(4)
When is the visiting season for Skellig Michael?
May to September / May - September / May-to-September (season)
(5)
What is a possible threat to the breeding birds besides the tourists?
(boats might bring) rats (on the island)
(6)
What are the exact weather conditions that allow visitors to see Skellig Michael from the Ring of Kerry?
cloud-free
3.
$\blacktriangleright$  Match statements
 (0) "Tourism is booming in Ireland." $\;$ D $\;$ (1) "We are losing a lot of money!" C (2) "The monastery with its huts has not changed much!" A (3) "We should stop promoting Skellig Michael!" B (4) "We can't take you to Skellig Michael but we can bring you close" D
4.
$\blacktriangleright$  Find the meaning
 (0) sight (line 1) $\;$2 $\,$ sight Verb 1 sichten sight Nomen 2 Anblick 3 Ansehen 4 Augenlicht
 (1) rise (line 3) $\;$2 $\,$ rise Verb 1 aufgehen 2 aufragen, sich erheben 3 steigen, aufsteigen rise Nomen 4 Aufstieg
 (2) tip (line 5) $\;$4 $\,$ tip Verb 1 umkippen tip Nomen 2 Ratschlag, Wink 3 Trinkgeld 4 Spitze
 (3) reach (line 27) $\;$3 $\,$ reach Verb 1 erzielen 2 reichen 3 erreichen 4 eintreffen reach Nomen 5 Reichweite
 (4) face (line 36) $\;$5 $\,$ face Nomen 1 Gesicht 2 Vorderseite face Verb 3 ansehen 4 begegnen 5 gegenüberstehen
 (5) concern (line 39) $\;$4 $\,$ concern Verb 1 betreffen concern Nomen 2 Unternehmen 3 Teilnahme 4 Sorge
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