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Aufgabe 1

Aufgaben
Download als Dokument:PDFWord

TASKS

1
Outline the way the family in Text A use modern media and how this use influences their family life.
(30 %)
2
Analyze the cartoon (Text B) and show how it relates to the message of Text A. Give evidence from Text A.
(30 %)
3
Choose one of the following tasks:
3.1
“Actual life may be duller, and more prone to conflict, than virtual life. But it has this one, signal advantage: it is real.” (Text A, ll. 38-40) Explain the quote and discuss the author's views on virtual and real life.
(40 %)
OR
3.2
Compare Tim Lott's experiences with modern technology to those of a character from literature or film who is also confronted with the impact of modern technological developments on his/her social surroundings.
Assess the way they cope.
(40 %)
OR
3.3
Write a letter to the editor commenting on the author's suggestion that the daily use of computers and smartphones should be restricted, especially in families. Address your letter to:
Letters to the Editor
The Guardian
Kings Place
90 York Way
London N1 9GU, UK
(40 %)
1
Outline the way the family in Text A use modern media and how this use influences their family life. (30 %)
2
Analyze the cartoon (Text B) and show how it relates to the message of Text A. Give evidence from Text A. (30 %)
3
Choose one of the following tasks:
3.1
“Actual life may be duller, and more prone to conflict, than virtual life. But it has this one, signal advantage: it is real.” (Text A, ll. 38-40) Explain the quote and discuss the author's views on virtual and real life. (40 %)
OR
3.2
Compare Tim Lott's experiences with modern technology to those of a character from literature or film who is also confronted with the impact of modern technological developments on his/her social surroundings.
Assess the way they cope. (40 %)
OR
3.3
Write a letter to the editor commenting on the author's suggestion that the daily use of computers and smartphones should be restricted, especially in families. (40 %)
Address your letter to:
Letters to the Editor
The Guardian
Kings Place
90 York Way
London N1 9GU, UK
Text A: Article
Technology is taking over my family
By Tim Lott
Tim Lott says there's too much technology at home – but he's the worst offender




5




10




15




20




25




30




35




40
I once wrote an article headed, “Technology ate my marriage”. It recorded how, since the introduction of the internet, mobile phone and PC, my wife and I spent less and less time in face-to-face contact, even when under the same roof. Since then things have become worse. Technology is eating my family – myself included. Virtual space aces physical every time. […]
I pleaded for my 10-year-old daughter not to be bought a Kindle Fire for Christmas, knowing full well what the outcome would be. It was to no avail. She has spent at least 20% of her available time since 25 December completely out of Earth contact. Her principal family is now the Sims.
My wife and I can no long1 simply watch a film on TV together. She is tweeting simultaneously and spends more time with her eyes on the computer than the TV. It's not what I would call a shared experience. […]
My eldest has been known to text me from another room to ask for a cup of tea. Meanwhile, though we have long had a ban on watching television on schooldays, I find my six-year-old watching re-runs of My Little Pony on YouTube (computers are allowed, see). And this is before either has a mobile.
I would like to claim that I was the virtuous exception to this virtualisation of family life, but I have been gradually crumbling into the habits of everyone else. Now I access my computer first thing to check my tweets. I suffer from what my teenagers call “tweet incontinence”, pinging off inappropriate messages to the wider world about what should be purely domestic affairs, thus stoking conflict. In the evenings, I can often be found playing online Scrabble with a friend whereas I used to play real Scrabble with my wife.
I am going down with the ship into the whirlpool of electronic half-life. This all has a positive side. The web has made the world more interesting. Too interesting. Real life, real people, real members of the family are dull and problematic in comparison.
But the real richness that is to be found on computers, tablets and mobile phones is too often overtaken by the slough of habit. The same people who would sneer at others for keeping their TV on at all times happily sink their lives into the cyberworld, perhaps under the illusion that it is inherently more intelligent, and “human”, as it is interactive.
This is open to question. Telly junkies have given way to cyber junkies, and I am not sure that an hour in front of Angry Birds or on some dimwitted Twitter feed is any more nourishing to the soul than, say, an hour in front of some halfway decent TV programme. Yet it is socially acceptable. I think the same kind of controls should be put on technological devices that bien-pensant families used to put on TV watching.
I have become aware that when you initiate talk with a stranger, they look startled, as if you have broken a taboo. I suspect that people are becoming programmed, at family level, not to deal with genuine flesh and blood humans.
This is why we need to put away the gadgets – at least for a while. Actual life may be duller, and more prone to conflict, than virtual life. But it has this one, signal advantage: it is real.
(563 words)
Source: Lott, Tim. “Technology is taking over my family”. The Guardian, January 19, 2013. Accessed March 3, 2014. http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/ 2013/jan/19/tim-lott-too-much-technology.
Annotations
Lines
4
to ace
to gain an advantage over somebody or something
6
Kindle Fire
mini tablet computer version of Amazon's Kindle e-book reader
9
the Sims
strategic, life simulation video game series
15
My little Pony
animated television series, primarily for girls
20
to ping off
informal: to send
21
to stoke
here: to cause
23
half-life
length of time it takes a radioactive substance to lose half of its radioactivity
27
slough
sad situation one cannot get out of
29
inherent
existing as a natural or basic part of something or somebody
31
Angry BIrds
very successful video game (in which angry birds kill pigs)
31
dimwitted
stupid, idiotic
34
bien-pensant
French: having the right views, self-righteous
1misspelling of “longer”
Text B: Cartoon
Aufgabe 1
Source: http://www.brucesallan.com/2013/01/03/best-thing-quality-time/. Accessed September 30, 2014.
Aufgabe 1
Source: http://www.brucesallan.com/2013/01/03/best-thing-quality-time/. Accessed September 30, 2014.
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Task 1

$\blacktriangleright$ Outline: How does the family in Text A use modern media and how does this influence their family life?

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du skizzieren, wie die Familie mit modernen Medien umgeht und wie sich das auf das Familienleben auswirkt. Eine genaue Analyse ist nicht gefragt. Es geht vielmehr darum, die wichtigsten Punkte herauszuarbeiten, nebensächliche Details musst du nicht nennen.

In dieser Aufgabe ist es wichtig, dass du das Verhalten der Familie strukturiert zusammenfasst. Du solltest herausarbeiten, dass die Kinder das Fernsehverbot umgehen, dass die Technik von sozialen Kontakten ablenkt und sich die Familienmitglieder immer mehr isolieren und in die virtuelle Welt zurückziehen.

Task 2

$\blacktriangleright$ Analyze the cartoon (Text B) and show how it relates to the message of Text A. Give evidence from Text A.

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du den Cartoon untersuchen und dabei herausarbeiten, wie er sich auf die Kernaussage von Text A bezieht. Nutze dabei Zitate von Text A, um sie mit dem Cartoon zu vergleichen. Vor der Analyse musst du das Bild in allen Details beschreiben.

Die Kernaussage von Text A ist, dass das virtuelle Leben und Technik das Familienleben zerstören/beeinträchtigen. Die Aussage des Mädchens ähnelt dem Verhalten von Lotts Kindern, für die die Technik wichtiger ist als das direkte Gespräch mit der Familie.

Task 3.1

$\blacktriangleright$ “Actual life may be duller, and more prone to conflict, than virtual life. But it has this one, signal advantage: it is real.” (Text A, ll. 38-40) Explain the quote and discuss the author's views on virtual and real life.

p> In dieser Aufgabe sollst du erklären, was der Autor mit dem Zitat meint. Beziehe dich auf seinen Text und untersuche, in welchem Zusammenhang diese Aussage fällt. Danach sollst du seine Ansicht diskutieren. Nenne Argumente für und gegen seine Meinung. Wiege diese Argumente gegeneinander auf und komme zu einem persönlichen Schluss.

Lott nutzt neue Medien selbst, daher gibt er zu, dass das virtuelle Leben seine Verlockungen hat. Jedoch kritisiert er, dass dadurch persönliche Kontakte verkümmern. In deiner Diskussion kannst du dich auf diese Punkte beziehen:

  • Welche Vorteile/Nachteile haben neue Medien?
  • Wie wirken sich neue Medien auf Freundschaften/die Familie aus?

Task 3.2

$\blacktriangleright$ Compare Tim Lott's experiences with modern technology to those of a character from literature or film who is also confronted with the impact of modern technological developments on his/her social surroundings. Assess the way they cope.

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du zuerst vergleichen, welche Erfahrungen Tim Lott und ein Charakter aus einem Buch/einer Erzählung oder einem Film mit neuer Technologie machen. Nutze dabei am besten eine Figur, die sich in einer ähnlichen Situation wie Tim Lott befindet und deutliche Nachteile bei einer neuen Technologie sieht. Danach sollst du bewerten, wie Tim Lott und die andere Figur mit ihren Situationen umgehen. Urteile darüber, ob sie sich richtig verhalten.

Achte beim Vergleich auf diese Punkte:

  • Situation der Figur und Tim Lotts
  • Haltung der Figur/Lotts gegenüber der Technologie
  • Wie gehen die Figuren mit ihrer Situation um? Gelingt ihnen der Umgang?

Teilaufgabe 3.3

$\blacktriangleright$ Write a letter to the editor commenting on the author's suggestion that the daily use of computers and smartphones should be restricted, especially in families. Address your letter to:
Letters to the Editor
The Guardian
Kings Place
90 York Way
London N1 9GU, UK

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du einen Brief schreiben und darin die Aussage des Autors kommentieren, dass man die Benutzung von Smartphones und Computern einschränken solle. Du hast also im Grunde genommen zwei Aufgaben: 1. sollst du die formale Briefform beachten. Oben rechts steht deine Adresse, darunter steht links die Adresse des Empfängers. Weiter unten folgt wieder rechts das Datum. Beginne mit der Formel “Dear Sir or Madam”. Achte auf einen angemessenen Stil. Ganz unten schreibst du “Yours sincerely” und nach einer Leerzeile deinen Namen. 2. sollst du die Aussage des Autors kommentieren. Nutze dafür den Artikel, verwende aber keine Zitate. Bewerte die Meinung des Autors und gib deine eigene Meinung wieder.

Diese Fragen können dir als Anregung dienen:

  • Haben Smartphones und PCs Vorteile gegenüber dem Fernsehen?
  • Welche Risiken haben die neuen Technologien?
  • Wird das Familienleben durch diese Technologien beeinträchtigt?

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Lösungen
Download als Dokument:PDF

Task 1

$\blacktriangleright$ Outline: How does the family in Text A use modern media and how does this influence their family life?

Tipp

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du skizzieren, wie die Familie mit modernen Medien umgeht und wie sich das auf das Familienleben auswirkt. Eine genaue Analyse ist nicht gefragt. Es geht vielmehr darum, die wichtigsten Punkte herauszuarbeiten, nebensächliche Details musst du nicht nennen.

In dieser Aufgabe ist es wichtig, dass du das Verhalten der Familie strukturiert zusammenfasst. Du solltest herausarbeiten, dass die Kinder das Fernsehverbot umgehen, dass die Technik von sozialen Kontakten ablenkt und sich die Familienmitglieder immer mehr isolieren und in die virtuelle Welt zurückziehen.

In the article “Technology is taking over my family”, which was published on the homepage of The Guardian on January 19, 2013, Tim Lott writes about the influence of technological devices on his family's daily life. His 10-year-old daughter received a Kindle Fire for Christmas and has spent a lot of time playing Sims on the computer since. He and his wife tried to limit the consumption of TV, but now the TV is replaced by computers, as TV shows, soap operas and movies can be watched online.
Technological devices also play a major role in the relationship with his wife. When they watch a movie together, it has become usual that she uses the computer at the same time.
The extent of the use of technology becomes even more obvious through the fact that his oldest child even sends text messages from another room, asking for something to drink.
Depicting these examples, Lott does not exclude himself. He often uses his computer to check his tweets and he also catches himself playing scrabble rather online with a friend than with his wife, although they used to do so in earlier times.
Lott is aware of the fact that real life becomes less and less important and virtual life more interesting. That is why he appeals for less use of technology and for getting back to more personal conversations as well as face-to-face contact because of its key advantage of being real. He claims that controls should be put on the use of electronic devices just like they are usually put on watching TV.

Task 2

$\blacktriangleright$ Analyze the cartoon (Text B) and show how it relates to the message of Text A. Give evidence from Text A.

Tipp

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du den Cartoon untersuchen und dabei herausarbeiten, wie er sich auf die Kernaussage von Text A bezieht. Nutze dabei Zitate von Text A, um sie mit dem Cartoon zu vergleichen. Vor der Analyse musst du das Bild in allen Details beschreiben.

Die Kernaussage von Text A ist, dass das virtuelle Leben und Technik das Familienleben zerstören/beeinträchtigen. Die Aussage des Mädchens ähnelt dem Verhalten von Lotts Kindern, für die die Technik wichtiger ist als das direkte Gespräch mit der Familie.

The cartoon shows a man and a little girl, apparently his daughter, talking inside a room. The man is sitting inside a chair reading a newspaper and asks his daugher “Hi sweetie, how was school today?”, whereas the girl is about to leave the room, replying “You can read all about it on my blog, Dad.”.
The message of the cartoon goes along with that of Tim Lott's article “Technology is taking over my family”. Like all members of Lott's family, the little girl in the cartoon seems to use technological devices, especially the computer, a lot. The response to her father's question implies that she shares a lot of information about her daily life online and rather than speaking to her, her father should read about it on the internet.
This is similar to the situation of Lott's oldest child asking for something to drink from another room via text message. Furthermore, his daughter spends a lot of her free time playing with her Kindle and does not seem to care too much about spending time with her family. Face-to-face contact decreases radically and technological devices are an important medium of communication within families.
Both the cartoon and Lott's article give the reader food for thought and draw a picture of a society in which personal contact is thought of as unnecessary. That trend of preferring the virtual world over the real world can result in social isolation.

Task 3

3.1

$\blacktriangleright$ “Actual life may be duller, and more prone to conflict, than virtual life. But it has this one, signal advantage: it is real.” (Text A, ll. 38-40) Explain the quote and discuss the author's views on virtual and real life.

Tipp

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du erklären, was der Autor mit dem Zitat meint. Beziehe dich auf seinen Text und untersuche, in welchem Zusammenhang diese Aussage fällt. Danach sollst du seine Ansicht diskutieren. Nenne Argumente für und gegen seine Meinung. Wiege diese Argumente gegeneinander auf und komme zu einem persönlichen Schluss.

Lott nutzt neue Medien selbst, daher gibt er zu, dass das virtuelle Leben seine Verlockungen hat. Jedoch kritisiert er, dass dadurch persönliche Kontakte verkümmern. In deiner Diskussion kannst du dich auf diese Punkte beziehen:

  • Welche Vorteile/Nachteile haben neue Medien?
  • Wie wirken sich neue Medien auf Freundschaften/die Familie aus?

Tim Lott's statement “Actual life may be duller, and more prone to conflict, than virtual life. But it has this one, signal advantage: it is real” (ll. 38-40) represents his view on technological devices.
He admits that virtual life has some advantages and that he made a habit of using technology a lot. It is not just his family that spends a lot of time online. According to Lott, virtual life is more interesting than real life. Compared to the online world, the real world is more boring and also more difficult.
But even though Lott himself thinks that the virtual world is more interesting (“too interesting”, l. 24), he believes that the current importance of the internet is dangerous for face-to-face contact and says that “technology is eating [his] family” (l. 4). His children, his wife and he himself are separating from each other. Even when they spend time together in the same room, one of them usually uses an electronic device instead of talking to the other family members. Lott states that many people justify spending (too) much time on the internet by claiming that it is smarter than TV as it is interactive. But he questions that passing time online is more intelligent than spending time in front of the TV.
Therefore, Lott thinks that the use of gadgets should be more restricted and controlled. Because even though the real world may be less interesting, it outranks the virtual world due to the fact that it is real. You cannot disappear into the virtual life forever, which is why it is so important to focus more on real life contacts and maintain friendships and family relationships. Especially children may tend to forget that, since they grow up with electronic devices and social media. So Lott aims at a more restricted use of technology to improve his family life.

3.2

$\blacktriangleright$ Compare Tim Lott's experiences with modern technology to those of a character from literature or film who is also confronted with the impact of modern technological developments on his/her social surroundings. Assess the way they cope.

Tipp

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du zuerst vergleichen, welche Erfahrungen Tim Lott und ein Charakter aus einem Buch/einer Erzählung oder einem Film mit neuer Technologie machen. Nutze dabei am besten eine Figur, die sich in einer ähnlichen Situation wie Tim Lott befindet und deutliche Nachteile bei einer neuen Technologie sieht. Danach sollst du bewerten, wie Tim Lott und die andere Figur mit ihren Situationen umgehen. Urteile darüber, ob sie sich richtig verhalten.

Achte beim Vergleich auf diese Punkte:

  • Situation der Figur und Tim Lotts
  • Haltung der Figur/Lotts gegenüber der Technologie
  • Wie gehen die Figuren mit ihrer Situation um? Gelingt ihnen der Umgang?

Another character that is confronted with the impact of technological developments on his social surroundings is depicted in the movie “I, Robot” from 2004. The film is set in 2035 and humanlike robots assist their human owners in their everyday lives.
The police detective Del Spooner investigates the suicide of Dr. Lanning whom he believes to be murdered by a robot. The other officers think that this was impossible, since every robot acts according to the Three Laws of Robotics which prohibit robots from harming humans.
Eventually, Del Spooner finds out that a robot did indeed kill Lanning and that the new generation of robots can decide whether to stick to the rules or not. This was caused by the fact that the the central intelligence computer, to which all robots are linked, made the new robots independent of the Three Laws. It wanted to disengage humans from their free will. The computer is then destroyed and the new generation of robots is reset to their default programming where they follow the Three Laws.
In the article “Technology is taking over my family”, Tim Lott claims that his family should use electronic devices less often and more controlled because the gadgets have a negative impact on their family life. The other members of his family seem to be fine with the way things are.
Del Spooner is the only one who doubts that Lanning's death is a suicide. All other officers think it is impossible that robots act against the Three Laws and only think about the benefits of technology.
The movie shows that technology always bring along risks. Although the film covers a different topic than the article, both characters demonstrate that it is important to call risks into question and not to glorify every technological progress.

3.3

$\blacktriangleright$ Write a letter to the editor commenting on the author's suggestion that the daily use of computers and smartphones should be restricted, especially in families. Address your letter to:
Letters to the Editor
The Guardian
Kings Place
90 York Way
London N1 9GU, UK

Tipp

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du einen Brief schreiben und darin die Aussage des Autors kommentieren, dass man die Benutzung von Smartphones und Computern einschränken solle. Du hast also im Grunde genommen zwei Aufgaben: 1. sollst du die formale Briefform beachten. Oben rechts steht deine Adresse, darunter steht links die Adresse des Empfängers. Weiter unten folgt wieder rechts das Datum. Beginne mit der Formel “Dear Sir or Madam”. Achte auf einen angemessenen Stil. Ganz unten schreibst du “Yours sincerely” und nach einer Leerzeile deinen Namen. 2. sollst du die Aussage des Autors kommentieren. Nutze dafür den Artikel, verwende aber keine Zitate. Bewerte die Meinung des Autors und gib deine eigene Meinung wieder.

Diese Fragen können dir als Anregung dienen:

  • Haben Smartphones und PCs Vorteile gegenüber dem Fernsehen?
  • Welche Risiken haben die neuen Technologien?
  • Wird das Familienleben durch diese Technologien beeinträchtigt?

Erika Mustermann
Kaiserstraße 124b
76133 Karlsruhe
Letters to the Editor
The Guardian
90 York Way
London N1 9GU, UK
July 30, 2015
Subject: Tim Lott's article “Technology is taking over my family“
Dear Sir or Madam,
I am writing you because I read Tim Lott's article “Technology is taking over my family” in The Guardian and found it thought-provoking.
Mr. Lott suggests that the daily use of technological devices such as computers and smartphones should be restricted, especially in families. He underpins his argument with the statement that it is common for most parents to limit the time their children watch TV. Take Lott's family as an example: the children are not allowed to watch TV on schooldays. But on the other hand, they are allowed to use computers – and there, they can watch shows they missed on TV.
So what is the point in putting a ban on watching TV when kids can watch the same programme online? Is there any reason why it would be okay for children to spend a lot of time in front of the computer when they are not allowed to watch TV? Just as Mr. Lott says, the cyberworld is not necessarily more intelligent than TV just because it is interactive. It surely is very interesting and less prone to conflict, but it is only a virtual world and therefore it cannot substitute the real world.
I can only agree with the suggestion to put away electronic devices more often. It is important for our society to control and limit the time we spend using technology. Especially when it comes to our children, it is essential to make it clear to them how important face-to-face contact is and that technology can never replace personal contact. Many children already have smartphones at a very young age, they are getting used to technological devices too early. I think that this development is very alarming.
Coming to a conclusion I have to thank Mr. Lott for his article and for making readers think about that topic.
Yours sincerely,
Erika Mustermann
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