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# Aufgabe 2

Aufgaben

## Part 2: Literature

1
Outline the problems Nao has keeping in touch with her American friends after moving to Japan.
(30$\,\%$)
#outline
2
Analyze the way the author shows the changes in the relationship between Nao and Kayla. Give evidence from the text.
(30$\,\%$)
#analysis
3
Choose one of the following tasks:
3.1
“We had nothing in common anymore.” (ll. 41/42)
Explain the quote and, by using Nao’s experience as one of your examples, assess the impact that beginning a new life may have on old relationships.
(40$\,\%$)
OR
3.2
Compare Nao's situation in Japan with that of another character in literature or film who has lost a friend. Assess the way they cope with their situations.
(40$\,\%$)
OR
3.3
Years later, Mr. Ames, her former teacher, asks Nao to write an article for the school homepage, in which she discusses modern media as a way of staying in touch when you have to move away. Write her article.
(40$\,\%$)
#socialmedia#comparison

## A Tale For The Time Being

### By Ruth Ozeki

$\,$
Note: After Nao and her parents had to leave California for Japan, Nao tries to keep in touch with her American friends, especially with Kayla.
1
[…] We'd pretty much stopped trying to live-chat because of the time difference. Tokyo is sixteen hours ahead, which means that it’s daytime in Sunnyvale when it’s nighttime here, and since I was living in a two-room apartment the size of Kayla’s walk-in closet, it wasn’t like I could get up in the middle of the night and turn on the computer and start chatting,
5
so mostly me and Kayla were using email, which was a drag. I hate email. It’s so slow. On email it’s never now. It’s always then, which is why it’s so easy to get lazy and let your inbox fill up. Not that mine did anymore, but it used to. Right after we left Sunnyvale, everyone was emailing me like crazy and asking me all about Japan, but it took Dad a couple of weeks to get an Internet connection set up, and by then all my friends were
10
involved with their summer vacations, and then school started, and they all kind of dropped me.
I tried to have a blog for a while. My eighth-grade teacher in Sunnyvale, Mr. Ames, told me to start one so that I could write about my impressions and observations and all the interesting stuff that was going to happen to me in Japan. My dad helped me set it up
15
before we moved, and I named it The Future Is Nao! because I thought that my future in Japan was going to be one big American-style adventure. How dumb was that? […]
I kept it up for a while, making these cheerful, chirpy postings to The Future Is Nao! but I felt like a total fraud. And then one day, a couple of months after I got back, I happened to check my statistics, and I realized that the whole time since I started my blog, only twelve
20
people had ever visited it, for about a minute each, and I hadn’t had a single hit in weeks, so that’s when I stopped. There’s nothing sadder than cyberspace when you’re floating around out there, all alone, talking to yourself.
Anyway, it didn't take Kayla long to figure out that maybe I was becoming a pathetic loser and it wasn’t cool to be my friend anymore. I swear, even on the Internet people can give
25
off a virtual smell that other people pick up on, although I don’t see how that’s possible. It’s not like a real smell, with molecules and pheromone receptors and so on, but it’s just as obvious as the stink of fear in your armpits or the vibe you give off when you’re poor and don’t have any confidence or nice stuff. Maybe it’s something in the way your pixels start behaving, but I was definitely starting to have it, and Kayla was sniffing it out from the
30
opposite side of the ocean.
Kayla is totally the opposite of me. She is superconfident and has lots of money and isn’t afraid of anything. Even though we haven’t corresponded for a while, and I don’t even know what high school she’s at, I’m 100 percent sure she is the most popular girl there, because she is the type who will always be the most popular girl wherever she is. Being
35
number two isn’t even a possibility for Kayla, and that was the case even in second grade, when she picked me out and allowed me to sit next to her at lunch. Now that I think about it, it was a miracle she was ever my friend.
Things started to go seriously wrong after I emailed her a picture of me in my new school uniform, and she texted me back this superironic email, which went something like, “OMG
40
i luv yr uni4m! its soo manga! u gotta snd me 1 so i cn go as a jap skoolgrl 4 haloween!” To her, my new life was just cosplay, but to me it was totally real. We had nothing in common anymore. We couldn’t talk about fashion, or the kids at school, or who was a loser, or what teachers we liked or hated. Our chats and emails went nowhere, and then she started taking longer and longer to write me back, and after a while she just kind of
45
disappeared. When I tried to find her online and she was always off even when I knew she had to be on, I realized she had blocked me from her buddy list. […]
$\quad\quad\;\;$(742 words)
$\,$
Source: Ozeki, Ruth. A Tale For The Time Being. Edinburgh: Canongate Books Ltd, 2013, 124-127.

## Annotations

Lines
 2 Sunnyvale place in America where Nao’s family used to live 5 a drag something annoying, tiresome 17 chirpy lively 26 pheromone receptors cells that sense chemical substances which influence behavior 39 OMG short for: Oh my God! 41 cosplay from “costume” and “play”; dressing up like a character from a film, book, video or game, especially from Japanese comic books or animations
#novel#socialmedia
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Tipps

$\blacktriangleright$ Outline the problems Nao has keeping in touch with her American friends after moving to Japan.
Outline bedeutet, dass du die wichtigsten Punkte des Textes hervorheben sollst, ohne diese zu analysieren oder zu bewerten.
Die Aufgabenstellung gibt vor, dass du auf Naos Schwierigkeiten eingehen sollst, denen sie begegnet als sie nach ihrem Umzug nach Japan versucht mit ihren alten Freunden aus den USA den Kontakt zu halten.
Deine Ausarbeitung sollte folgende Probleme enthalten:
• die Zeitverschiebung
• dass eine E-mail sehr langsam ist
• dass Noa lange kein Internet hatte
• ihr fehlgeschlagener Blog
• dass ihr neues Leben so anders ist als ihr altes Leben
• dass sie und ihre Freunde keine Gemeinsamkeiten mehr haben

$\blacktriangleright$ Analyze the way the author shows the changes in the relationship between Nao and Kayla. Give evidence from the text.
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du beschreiben und erklären, wie die Autorin Ruth Ozeki die Veränderungen in der Freundschaft zwischen Nao und Kayla darstellt. Deine Analyse musst du mit Belegen aus dem Text stützen.
Deine Analyse sollte ergeben, dass die Autorin die Veränderungen mit Hilfe von Naos Gefühlen darstellt und die wichtigsten Wendepunkte in diesem Prozess mit einfließen lässt, sodass der Leser die Veränderungen verstehen kann.

$\blacktriangleright$ "We had nothing in common anymore." (Text, line 41 f.)
Explain the quote and, by using Nao's experience as one of your examples, assess the impact that beginning a new life may have on old relationships.
Hier musst du aufpassen, denn die Aufgabe hat zwei Operatoren, die du beachten musst.
Explain: In diesem Teil sollst du kurz erklären, was Nao in dem Zitat zum Ausdruck bringt. Beziehe dich hierfür auf den Text.
Assess: Im zweiten Teil geht es darum, dass du beurteilst, was es für Auswirkungen auf eine Freundschaft haben kann, wenn einer der Freunde ein neues Leben beginnt. Hier ist nicht nur Wissen aus dem Text gefragt, sondern auch dein eigenes Wissen. Beurteilen heißt außerdem, dass du das Problem von allen Seiten ausgewogen beleuchtest.

$\blacktriangleright$ Compare Nao's situation in Japan with that of another character in literature or film who has lost a friend. Assess the way they cope with their situations.
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du Naos Situation mit der Situation einer Figur aus einem Film oder Buch vergleichst, die in einer ähnlichen Situation ist. Abschließend sollst du bewerten, wie die beiden mit ihrer Situation umgehen.

$\blacktriangleright$ Years later, Mr. Ames, her former teacher, asks Nao to write an article for the school homepage, in which she discusses modern media as a way of staying in touch when you have to move away. Write her article.
Deine Aufgabe ist es Naos Artikel für die Schulhomepage zu schreiben. Dein Artikel sollte einen reizvollen Titel haben, der die Leser anspricht und auf das Thema hinweist. Ein Artikel ist kurz und knackig, um kurz und bündig über das Thema zu informieren.
Mögliche Aspekte auf die du in deinem Artikel eingehen kannst:
• Naos Erfahrungen mit modernen Medien
• Die verschiedenen Medien und ihre Vor- und Nachteile
• Tips von Nao wie das im Kontaktbleiben am Besten funktionieren kann
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Lösungen

## Themen:

Personal relations in their social context
The impact of the media on society

## Textgrundlage:

A Tale for the Time Being (Auszug aus einem Roman)
1.
$\blacktriangleright$ Outline the problems Nao has keeping in touch with her American friends after moving to Japan.
Tipp
Outline bedeutet, dass du die wichtigsten Punkte des Textes hervorheben sollst, ohne diese zu analysieren oder zu bewerten.
Die Aufgabenstellung gibt vor, dass du auf Naos Schwierigkeiten eingehen sollst, denen sie begegnet als sie nach ihrem Umzug nach Japan versucht mit ihren alten Freunden aus den USA den Kontakt zu halten.
Deine Ausarbeitung sollte folgende Probleme enthalten:
• die Zeitverschiebung
• dass eine E-mail sehr langsam ist
• dass Noa lange kein Internet hatte
• ihr fehlgeschlagener Blog
• dass ihr neues Leben so anders ist als ihr altes Leben
• dass sie und ihre Freunde keine Gemeinsamkeiten mehr haben
Tipp
Text
In the given excerpt from Ruth Ozeki's novel A Tale For The Time Being talks Nao about her problems which occur when she tries to keep in touch with her American friends after moving to Japan.

One of her problems is that she cannot live-chat with her friends in California because the time difference is sixteen hours. This means that Nao would have to talk to her friends in the middle of the night (Text, line 1 f.). As a result she decides to use e-mails to contact her friends, but she does not like e-mails because they are "slow" (Text, line 5) and it takes longer until you get an answer. At the beginning many friends wrote her e-mails, but at that time she had not had a working internet connection and by the time it worked her friends were already busy doing other things (Text, line 7-9). Another thing Nao tried in order to stay in contact with her friends was a blog, but soon she found out that her friends were not reading it and she felt like she was "talking to herself" (Text, line 22). However, Nao does not only have technical difficulties, but she also has cultural and personal problems.

Her friend Kayla does not understand Nao's new life and the new culture she lives in now, which is why Nao feels misunderstood (Text, line 40 f.). This and the other problems make Nao feel that she and her friends have "nothing in common anymore" (Text, line 41 f.), which is a difficulty that she and her friend Kayla cannot overcome, so their friendship ends (Text, line 41-46).
#outline
2.
$\blacktriangleright$ Analyze the way the author shows the changes in the relationship between Nao and Kayla. Give evidence from the text.
Tipp
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du beschreiben und erklären, wie die Autorin Ruth Ozeki die Veränderungen in der Freundschaft zwischen Nao und Kayla darstellt. Deine Analyse musst du mit Belegen aus dem Text stützen.
Deine Analyse sollte ergeben, dass die Autorin die Veränderungen mit Hilfe von Naos Gefühlen darstellt und die wichtigsten Wendepunkte in diesem Prozess mit einfließen lässt, sodass der Leser die Veränderungen verstehen kann.
Tipp
Text
Right at the beginning the author makes clear that the lives of the girls have changed and how different they are now. This is shown in the comparison that Nao makes by saying that her new appartment is "the size of Kayla's walk-in-closet" (Text, line 3). This shows as well that Kayla is superior in their friendship. Kayla's superiority is shown during the entire text and the author makes clear that this is nothing new, but that Kayla has always been superior in their friendship as Kayla "picked [Nao] out" (Text, line 36).

Ozeki indicates through Nao's feelings the change in the friendship with Kayla. Nao feels "like a total fraud" (Text, line 18) after her blog failed and this changes how she feels about the bond she had with Kayla. She no longer feels worth being Kayla's friend which becomes obvious when Nao says that "it was a miracle [Kayla] was ever my friend" (Text, line 37).

The author demonstrates the final break up of the friendship by showing how different the friends' surroundings have become. When Nao sends her friend Kayla a picture of her new school uniform she gets an upsetting answer from her. Kayla thinks that Nao's school uniform would be a perfect costume to go as "a jap skoolgrl 4 haloween" (Text, line 40). Nao did not expect such a reaction, which makes her feel misunderstood. By referring to this incident the author shows at which point the friendship finally breaks up. At this point Nao realizes that she and Kalya have "nothing in common anymore" (Text, line 41 f.), which is the end of their friendship.

In conclusion, the author shows the change in the girls' friendship by demonstrating how Nao feels about her friendship with Kayla and by letting the reader know about the most important turning points in the progress of changing. All this makes it easy for the reader to follow up the progress and to understand why this change happened.
#analysis
3.1
$\blacktriangleright$ "We had nothing in common anymore." (Text, line 41 f.)
Explain the quote and, by using Nao's experience as one of your examples, assess the impact that beginning a new life may have on old relationships.
Tipp
Hier musst du aufpassen, denn die Aufgabe hat zwei Operatoren, die du beachten musst.
Explain: In diesem Teil sollst du erklären, was Nao in dem Zitat zum Ausdruck bringt. Beziehe dich hierfür auf den Text.
Assess: Im zweiten Teil geht es darum, dass du beurteilst, was es für Auswirkungen auf eine Freundschaft haben kann, wenn einer der Freunde ein neues Leben beginnt. Hier ist nicht nur Wissen aus dem Text gefragt, sondern auch dein eigenes Wissen. Beurteilen heißt außerdem, dass du das Problem von allen Seiten ausgewogen beleuchtest.
Tipp
Text
With her statement Nao explains why her friendship with Kalya did not work anymore. In the quote she mentions the biggest problem she and Kayla had which is that they had nothing to talk about because they did not have the same teachers, friends and cultures anymore.

Keeping up a friendship when one of the friends moved and started a new life can be difficult, but it is not impossible. It does not have to be a time difference that makes it hard to live-chat or call each other it can also be a different organisation of your day. However, does it have to be now? I think it is also nice to come home and find a long e-mail or letter lying on your desk. This means that the friends have to wait longer for an answer, but when they get one it is more detailed and thought-out than a short message in a live-chat.

It can happen that the friends have nothing to talk about like it happened to Nao and Kayla. This is because the friends do not share the same friends, school, hobbies and culture any longer and they do not know the new friends, school, etc. of their friend. These problems can be avoided by visiting each other, which makes it easier to understand the new situation of the friend. In case of Nao and Kayla it is not possible to visit each other, which makes it harder to imagine how Nao's new life looks like.

I think the move of a friend does not have to result in the break up of the friendship, but it can be an enrichment for the friendship. The friend who stays behind can profit from his friend's experiences and can get to know a new culture. It can also help in difficult situations when the friend who moved can give tips from a different perspective.

In the end what can break up a friendship when it survived a move to a different country?
3.2
$\blacktriangleright$ Compare Nao's situation in Japan with that of another character in literature or film who has lost a friend. Assess the way they cope with their situations.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du Naos Situation mit der Situation einer Figur aus einem Film oder Buch vergleichst, die in einer ähnlichen Situation ist. Abschließend sollst du bewerten, wie die beiden mit ihrer Situation umgehen.
Tipp
Text
In Rita Flak's novel Hannes (published 2012) loses Uli his best friend Hannes. Hannes had an accident during a motorbike trip with his friend Uli and because of the accident he is in a coma. During the progress of losing his friend Hannes tries everything to keep the friendship and he believes that they will be reunited. This differs from Nao's manner because she soon questions her friendship with Kayla and stops fighting for her friend.

Soon after Nao's struggles to keep in touch with her friend Kayla, she does not only questions their current friendship, but also the whole friendship with Kayla and thinks she was never worth being a friend of her. Uli never doubts that he and Hannes were friends and have to stay friends no matter what comes. The situation that both Nao and Uli are separated from their friends is a test for their friendships. Uli decides to stand by his friend even in bad times and tries different ways to keep some kind of contact. One idea is to write letters to his friend that he can read to Hannes now and Hannes could read them again if he wakes up. However, Nao thinks that letters and e-mails are too slow. She wants an easy communication that works right at that moment, so it feels like talking to her friend as if she were still in California right next to her. When this is not possible because of the time difference she tries to email her friend Kayla, but this does not work.

Nao feels soon alone, but she does not share her problems with Kayla. She keeps everything to herself and starts to doubt if they ever had a real friendship. A thing that helps Uli is to live his life and to meet other friends, so he does not always think about the loss of his friend. This is something Nao should have done too. She could have gone outside, could have found new friends and could have discovered her new home, but she did not do it.

While Uli tries to keep his friendship with Hannes up, but also decides to live his own life, Nao remains in her sorrow that she has lost her friend Kayla. It is never easy losing a friend, but you must keep going and this is what Nao forgets and has to be reminded of.
3.3
$\blacktriangleright$ Years later, Mr. Ames, her former teacher, asks Nao to write an article for the school homepage, in which she discusses modern media as a way of staying in touch when you have to move away. Write her article.

Tipp
Deine Aufgabe ist es Naos Artikel für die Schulhomepage zu schreiben. Dein Artikel sollte einen reizvollen Titel haben, der die Leser anspricht und auf das Thema hinweist. Ein Artikel ist kurz und knackig, um kurz und bündig über das Thema zu informieren.
Mögliche Aspekte auf die du in deinem Artikel eingehen kannst:
• Naos Erfahrungen mit modernen Medien
• Die verschiedenen Medien und ihre Vor- und Nachteile
• Tips von Nao wie das im Kontaktbleiben am Besten funktionieren kann
Tipp
Text
The struggle to keep in touch via modern media
If you want to know if it is possible to stay in touch with your friends via modern media just keep reading. As a teenager I moved to Japan and especially at the beginning I tried to keep in touch with my old friends.

I would have really liked to live-chat with my friends, but the big time difference made this impossible. If you face a smaller time difference live-chat is great to be kept up to date. It cannot replace the times when you sat next to your best friend and both of you just did not stop talking, but it comes close.

When writing e-mails with your friends you must be a bit more patient, but if you finally get the awaited e-mail it is just great! I was not patient enough for e-mails and so I soon failed to stay in touch with my friends, but this does not have to happen. Thinking back to the time I think it would have been the best to arrange with my friend that we do not write many short e-mails, but a longer one once a week. This would have given both of us enough time to find new friends and to live our new lives and we would have still known what was going on in the other's life. In this case less is more.