Inhalt
Smarter Learning!
Inhalt
Bundesland, Schulart & Klasse
Bundesland, Schulart & Klasse
BW, Gymnasium (G9)
Baden-Württemberg
Berufl. Gymnasium (AG)
Berufl. Gymnasium (BTG)
Berufl. Gymnasium (EG)
Berufl. Gymnasium (SGG)
Berufl. Gymnasium (TG)
Berufl. Gymnasium (WG)
Berufskolleg - FH
Gemeinschaftsschule
Gymnasium (G8)
Gymnasium (G9)
Hauptschule
Realschule
Werkrealschule
Bayern
Fachoberschule
Gymnasium
Mittelschule
Realschule
Berlin
Gymnasium
Integrierte Sekundarschule
Brandenburg
Gesamtschule
Gymnasium
Oberschule
Bremen
Gymnasium (G8)
Oberschule (G9)
Hamburg
Gymnasium
Stadtteilschule
Hessen
Berufl. Gymnasium
Gesamtschule
Gymnasium (G8)
Gymnasium (G9)
Haupt- und Realschule
Hauptschule
Realschule
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Gesamtschule
Gymnasium
Niedersachsen
Gymnasium (G8)
Gymnasium (G9)
Integrierte Gesamtschule
Kooperative Gesamtschule
Oberschule
Realschule
NRW
Gesamtschule
Gymnasium
Hauptschule
Realschule
Sekundarschule
Rheinland-Pfalz
Gesamtschule
Gymnasium
Saarland
Gemeinschaftsschule
Gesamtschule
Gymnasium
Realschule
Sachsen
Gymnasium
Oberschule
Sachsen-Anhalt
Fachgymnasium
Gesamtschule
Gymnasium
Sekundarschule
Schleswig-Holstein
Gemeinschaftsschule
Gymnasium (G8)
Gymnasium (G9)
Thüringen
Berufl. Gymnasium
Gemeinschaftsschule
Gesamtschule
Gymnasium
Regelschule
Klasse 13
Klasse 13
Klasse 12
Klasse 11
Klasse 10
Klasse 9
Klasse 8
Klasse 7
Klasse 6
Klasse 5
Fach & Lernbereich
Fachauswahl: Englisch
Mathe
Deutsch
Englisch
Bio
Chemie
Physik
Geschichte
Geo
Lernbereich
Lektürehilfen
Digitales Schulbuch
Abitur
Abitur
Abitur
Smarter Learning!
Schneller lernen mit deinem SchulLV-Zugang
  • Zugang zu über 1.000 Original-Prüfungsaufgaben mit Lösungen von 2004-2019
  • Alle Bundesländer und Schularten, empfohlen von über 2.300 Schulen in Deutschland
  • Digitales Schulbuch: Über 1.700 Themen mit Aufgaben und Lösungen
  • Monatlich kündbar, lerne solange du möchtest
Jetzt Zugang freischalten!

Comprehension

Aufgaben
Download als Dokument:PDF

Part 1: Non-Fiction Text

Carole Geithner: Don't turn your back on these children

 
  Imagine being so desperate that you decide to entrust your child to a paid smuggler to help him or her cross the border into the United States. You can't know if your child will survive the dangerous journey through the desert, mountains or across the river. And you don't know if he or she will be abused or deprived of air, food or water by handlers along
5
the way. So what would make a parent take the enormous and terrifying risks, and pay huge sums of money in the process?
  One look at the appalling and unsafe environments these children hail from makes it clear why parents will risk so much for a better life for their children. And it is not just about the poverty. Many children, for example, haven't been able to go to school because they
10
have been threatened by the “mara” or gangs. A child will be told that if he doesn't cooperate, he or she will be killed. The threats are not hypothetical: They are very real, and will have been underscored by the death of friends or family members in their town.
  These are the horrifying dynamics that make up the plight of some of these vulnerable children, some as young as 4, who have been crossing the border into the United States
15
without a parent or guardian.
  When I joined the board of Kids in Need of Defense, or KIND, a nonprofit organization that seeks to provide pro-bono lawyers to represent unaccompanied minors navigating our immigration system, I didn't know that we were on the verge of a massive humanitarian crisis. There were no front-page articles about the thousands of children crossing the
20
border. It wasn't the lead story on cable news. They weren't trending on Twitter.
  So, I had questions about how we should respond, including the moral hazard of encouraging ever growing numbers of children to attempt the perilous journey if we said all were welcome. But I also knew we could not treat these vulnerable children as criminals undeserving of compassion. Which is why I decided to learn more about their plight and
25
our nation's legal and social response.
  As part of this determination to find out more, I recently spent two afternoons at a local shelter in New York doing art projects with a group of boys from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. Art is a universal language and a great nonverbal way to express emotions and experiences. The boys all introduced themselves, some with a shy smile and eye
30
contact, others more warily. The caseworkers told me how grateful and polite the boys had been once they realized they were going to be treated with kindness.
  After arriving at Newark airport in shackles and with only the shirts on their backs, the boys received showers, food, a bed, bandages for leg and foot wounds and a change of clothes. They still didn't know where they would be going or what would happen to them,
35
but for the moment they were safe and appreciative. One boy had been making paper flowers with hidden messages of gratitude in the petals. “God bless you for having such big hearts,” one petal said.
  On my second visit, I heard about some of the family reunifications that had occurred in the interim, with boys either being picked up by or delivered to a parent whom some had
40
not seen in years. They described a mix of excitement, anxiety and joy, with many tears shed by the caseworkers who witnessed the reunions. But half that group of boys was still there, and more were due to arrive the next day.
  The boys made collages depicting their journeys through the desert: the snakes, the coyotes, the dirty river, the truck, and the train commonly referred to as “La Bestia” (The
45
Beast) because of its many dangers. They worked in silence and with intense focus. After finishing, one boy decided to add a layer of ribbons over the journey picture and explained that they were now “Feliz”, which, even with my limited Spanish, I knew meant “happy” or “fortunate.”
  The Spanish-speaking caseworker later explained that (…) most had left to escape
50
deadly gang violence in their towns.
  There are many aspects of this problem that may divide us, including all kinds of fears, funding limitations and the debate about the demand for illegal drugs in the US that gives oxygen to gangs. But it is the human piece to the puzzle that might be the one best able to unite us.
55
  The fact is that if we look at our family trees, most Americans are the sons and daughters, the grandchildren and great-grandchildren of immigrants. Each of our forebears had their own compelling reasons to make their dangerous journey to America. The cornerstone of the Statue of Liberty reminds us, in poet Emma Lazarus' words: „Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free.“
60
  Even though the surge has abated somewhat, there are still tens of thousands of children in need of a safe place to call home. Each of these vulnerable children would benefit from having a volunteer lawyer present their case so our immigration court judges can assess whether they need refugee status, asylum, or if they can be safely returned home. These children deserve our compassion and a chance at a safe future, not our kicks
65
and turned backs.
  “Our need for compassion is profound and basic,” psychologist Martha Straus once said. “From the beginning of time, this is what's made us human.”
(924 words)
[From http://edition.cnn.com/ 2014/12/31/opinion/ geithner-lawyers-child-smugglers/index.html, adapted, accessed 11/08/2015]
Annotation
l. 17:   pro-bono       free of charge
#newspaper#immigration#emmalazarus
Instructions:
  • Tick the correct statement or statements as indicated.
  • Use a quotation from the text to support each correct statement:
    give the line number(s) plus the first three and the last three words of the quotation.
  • If the quotation is less than six words, write down the full quotation.
0)
Example: Tick the correct answer.
Parents sometimes pay a lot of money to have their children smuggled into the US. true false
line(s): 5-6 ✎ what would make … sums of money
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
(0P)
1)
Tick the correct statement.
Parents send these children in order to
Comprehension
Comprehension
enable them to obtain a higher education.
Comprehension
Comprehension
make sure they don't fall victim to crime.
Comprehension
Comprehension
prevent them from being ill-treated by handlers.
Comprehension
Comprehension
protect them from the pollution at home.

line(s): ….
…………………………..
(1P)
2)
Tick the correct statement.
According to the author accepting all these children to the US
Comprehension
Comprehension
increases negative media coverage.
Comprehension
Comprehension
makes new legislation necessary.
Comprehension
Comprehension
poses an ethical dilemma.
Comprehension
Comprehension
reduces sympathy for them.

line(s): ….
…………………………..
(1P)
3)
Complete the table. One example is given.
How do the following institutions deal with minors arriving illegally in the US?
the legal system
a local shelter
  • provides for basic needs like food and clothes
KIND
(3P)
4)
Tick the correct statement.
The controversy about unaccompained children in the US resolves around emotional, economic and crime-related issues.
true false
line(s): ….
…………………………..
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
(1P)
5)
Tick the correct statement.
One of Carole Geithner's intentions is to
Comprehension
Comprehension
convince the public to give KIND financial support.
Comprehension
Comprehension
criticize current American legislation on immigration.
Comprehension
Comprehension
depict the New York caseworkers' emotional distress.
Comprehension
Comprehension
make Americans aware of their historical obligation.

line(s): …. ✎ …………………………..
(1P)
6)
Tick the correct answer.
The number of unaccompanied children coming to the US has been rising constantly.
true false
line(s): ….
…………………………..
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
(1P)
7)
Complete the sentences.
Explain the rhetorical functions of the following elements in the text.
  • The author retells her personal experiences in detail because she wants to …
  • From line $51$ onwards the author often uses the $1^{st}$ person plural because she wants to …
(2P)
#newspaper#immigration
Weiter lernen mit SchulLV-PLUS!
Jetzt freischalten
Infos zu SchulLV PLUS
Ich habe bereits einen Zugang
Zugangscode einlösen
Login
Tipps
Download als Dokument:PDF
Task 1-7:

$\blacktriangleright$ Bei EnglischLV findest du das Skript Leseverstehen, in dem dir unter anderem erklärt wird, wie du beim Lesen eines Textes vorgehen kannst. Des Weiteren findest du ein Textbeispiel mit Multiple Choice Fragen, mit denen du üben kannst.

$\blacktriangleright$ Scanning:
Bei dieser Art von Comprehension bearbeitet man die Aufgaben mit der Scanning Methode. Scanning leitet sich von to scan ab, das so viel wie absuchen bedeutet. Hierunter versteht man es Schlagwörter, Personen, zeitliche Sachverhalte und auch die Kernaussage eines Textes zu erfassen. Der Fokus des Scannings liegt nicht darauf, den Text Wort für Wort zu verstehen. Vielmehr geht es darum, schnell notwendige Informationen zu finden, um vorgegebene Fragen präzise beantworten zu können.
Weiter lernen mit SchulLV-PLUS!
Jetzt freischalten
Infos zu SchulLV PLUS
Ich habe bereits einen Zugang
Zugangscode einlösen
Login
Lösungen
Download als Dokument:PDF
$\blacktriangleright$  Leseverstehen

Bei EnglischLV findest du das Skript Leseverstehen, in dem dir unter anderem erklärt wird, wie du beim Lesen eines Textes vorgehen kannst. Des Weiteren findest du dort ein Textbeispiel mit Multiple Choice Fragen, mit denen du üben kannst.

Tipp

Scanning:
Bei dieser Art von Comprehension bearbeitet man die Aufgaben mit der Scanning Methode. Scanning leitet sich von to scan ab, das so viel wie absuchen bedeutet. Hierunter versteht man es Schlagwörter, Personen, zeitliche Sachverhalte und auch die Kernaussage eines Textes zu erfassen. Der Fokus des Scannings liegt nicht darauf, den Text Wort für Wort zu verstehen. Vielmehr geht es darum, schnell notwendige Informationen zu finden, um vorgegebene Fragen präzise beantworten zu können.


Instructions
  • Tick the correct statement or statements as indicated.
  • Use a quotation from the text to support each correct statement:
    give the line number(s) plus the first three and the last three words of the quotation.
  • If the quotation is less than six words, write down the full quotation.


1)
Tick the correct statement.
Parents send these children in order to
Comprehension
Comprehension
make sure they don't fall victim to crime.

line(s): 7
One look at … children hail from
line(s): 9-11
Many children, for … will be killed.
line(s): 49-50
most had left … in their towns.
(1 P)
Lösungsschritte:
  • Suche den Absatz, in dem es darum geht, dass Eltern ihre Kinder wegschicken.
  • In Zeile 7-12 geht es um die Umstände, die dazu führen, dass Eltern ihre Kinder in die USA schicken.
  • Die Gründe sind:
    • "appalling and unsafe environments"
    • "haven't been able to go to school because they have been threatened by the 'mara' or gangs"
    • "if he doesn't cooperate, he or she will be killed"
  • In Zeile 49-50 erklären die spanischsprechenden Mitarbeiter ebenfalls die Gründe für eine Flucht.
    • "most had left to escape deadly gang violence in their towns"
2)
Tick the correct statement.
According to the author accepting all these children to the US
Comprehension
Comprehension
poses an ethical dilemma.

line(s): 21-23
So, I had … all were welcome.
(1 P)
Lösungsschritte:
  • Nachdem Geithner den Leser in den Text eingeführt hat (Zeile 1-6), erklärt sie die Gründe der flüchtenden Kinder (Zeile 7-15), um dann auf ihre Arbeit bei KIND einzugehen (Zeile 16-20.)
  • Durch ihre Arbeit bei KIND wird ihr bewusst, dass diese Situation nicht in den Medien thematisiert wird (Zeile 19-20) und so kommen einige Fragen auf.
  • Darunter befindet sich die Frage, wie man mit diesem Flüchtlingsstrom aus Kindern umgehen soll, wenn man alle Kinder willkommen heißen möchte ("how we should respond […] if we said all were welcome" Zeile 21-23).
3)
Complete the table. One example is given.
How do the following institutions deal with minors arriving illegally in the US?
the legal system
  • regards them as criminals (l. 23)
  • decides about their future in court (l. 62-64)
a local shelter
  • provides for basic needs like food and clothes
  • reunites them with family (l. 38-40)
  • does art projects (l. 27)
  • helps them to process their experiences (l. 43-48)
KIND
  • provides pro-bono lawyers (l. 17-18)
(3 P)
4)
Tick the correct statement.
The controversy about unaccompained children in the US resolves around emotional, economic and crime-related issues.
true false
line(s): 51-53
There are many … oxygen to gangs.
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
(1 P)
Lösungsschritte:
  • wenn Geithner über die spanischsprechenden Mitarbeiter berichtet, geht sie erneut auf die Gründe für eine Flucht ein (Zeile 49-50)
  • in diesem Zuge spricht sie ebenfalls über die Vielfalt der Aspekte dieses Problems (Zeile 51)
  • genau diese vielfältigen Aspekte könnten ein Grund für die Spaltung der Gesellschaft bezüglich dieses Problems darstellen (Zeile 51 ff.)
  • diese Vielfalt beinhaltet:
    • "all kinds of fears"
    • "funding limitations"
    • "the debate about the demand for illegal drugs in the US"
5)
Tick the correct statement.
One of Carole Geithner's intentions is to
Comprehension
Comprehension
make Americans aware of their historical obligation.

line(s): 55-57 ✎ The fact is … journey to America.
(1 P)
Lösungsschritte:
  • Die Spaltung der Gesellschaft bezüglich der Flüchtlingsproblematik spricht Geithner bereits in Zeile 51-54 an.
  • Sie redet davon, dass "the human piece to the puzzle" (Z. 53) alle vereinen könnte.
  • Sie möchte hiermit auf die Herkunft der meisten Amerikaner eingehen und zeigen, dass ein überwiegender Teil der Bevölkerung von Einwanderern abstammt (Zeile 55-56).
  • Dies dient ihr als Grundlage für ihr stärkstes Argument, dass gerade diese Menschen, die von Einwanderern abstammen, für die Flüchtlingskinder kämpfen müssten.
6)
Tick the correct statement.
The number of unaccompanied children coming to the US has been rising constantly.
true false
line(s): 60
Even though the surge has abated somewhat
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
Comprehension
(1 P)
Lösungsschritte:
  • Nachdem nun die Einwohner der USA direkt angesprochen wurden zu handeln und sich auf ihre kulturellen Wurzeln zu besinnen, spricht Geithner über die aktuelle Situation.
  • In Zeile 60 erläutert sie, dass die Problematik, obwohl der Strom mittlerweile nachlässt, immer noch besteht und Lösungen fordert.
7)
Complete the sentences.
Explain the rhetorical functions of the following elements in the text.
  • The author retells her personal experiences in detail because she wants to …
…raise the awareness of the people living in the USA by informing them about the current situation.
  • From line $51$ onwards the author often uses the $1^{st}$ person plural because she wants to …
…show that this issue is important for anyone and she wants to create a feeling of unity in order to challenge the people to be committed.
(2 P)
#immigration#newspaper
Weiter lernen mit SchulLV-PLUS!
Jetzt freischalten
Infos zu SchulLV PLUS
Ich habe bereits einen Zugang
Zugangscode einlösen
Login
Folge uns auf
SchulLV als App