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Aufgabe 2

Aufgaben
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Part 2: Short Story

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Joyce Carol Oates, "Tetanus" (excerpt), in: Give me your Heart, London 2011.
1.
Comprehension
Outline César's life and his criminal record up to this point.
#comprehension
2.
Analysis
Analyse Zwilich's feelings towards César and how they are conveyed.
#analysis
Choose one of the following assignments.

3.1
Comment
Discuss ways of dealing with juvenile deliquents like César. In your answer refer to both this excerpt and your coursework.
#comment
3.2
Creative Writing
Soon after César’s assault on Zwilich a status hearing is held – a discussion between a Family Court judge, the prosecution, Zwilich and the defendant, young César. Before the judge takes the final decision about what should happen to César, the prosecutor makes a statement in which he puts forward his views on the defendant, his criminal record and his possible reasons for committing crimes. He also gives a recommendation on how to deal with him in the future.

Write the prosecutor's statement to the judge.
#creativewriting

Crime and Punishment

Tetanus

The following excerpt is taken from the short story "Tetanus" which is part of a collection of short stories by Joyce Carol Oates callesd "Give me your Heart". Hear a social-worker named Zwilich interviews an eleven-year-old boy called César about his latest crimes.
$\,$
"Well, César. So yo've been busy."
Zwilich whistled through his teeth looking through the boy’s file. He’d been taken into police custody five times, twice within the past three months. Vandalism, petty thefts, disturbances at home and at school, glue sniffing. A
5
previous caseworker had noted that one of the vandalism episodes included "desecration of a cemetery" and another the torture of a stray dog. It was noted that an older neighborhood boy had tied a rope around César’s neck and had yanked him around, causing him to faint, when he’d been nine; another time César had fashioned a noose and stuck his own head into it;
10
yet another time, more recently, he’d forced a noose over his six-year-old brother’s head. He’d been picked up with two older boys for stealing from a 7-Eleven store, and not long afterward he'd been arrested for vandalism in the rear lot of the 7-Eleven store. He'd been several times suspended from school. Following these incidents he’d been assessed by Family Services
15
psychologists and counselors and given sentences of “supervised probation” with required therapy from Family Court judges who hadn’t wanted to incarcerate so young a child. But Zwilich thought the next judge wasn’t going to look kindly on all this.
The prosecutor for the case had told Zwilich that he intended to ask the
20
judge to incarcerate the boy in a juvenile detention for thirty days minimum. César Diaz required psychiatric observation as well as treatment for the glue sniffing, and it was "high time" for the boy to learn that the law is serious. Sour, prim as a TV scold, Zwilich’s colleague said, How are kids going to respect the law if there aren’t consequences for their behavior?
25
Zwilich sneered: Who respects the law? Whose behavior has consequences? Politicians, mega-corporations?
He’d said, “Hell, this is a small child who’s been arrested. Look at him, he’s so small.”
Now in the counseling room, Zwilich wasn’t so sure. Fury quivered in
30
César’s tightly coiled little body; halfway you expected him to spring up at you, like a snake baring its fangs.
“…want to hurt your mother, César? Your little brother? You love them, don’t you? Tell me.”
“Didn’t hurt nobody. Shit what Mama says.”
35
“I think you love them. Sure you do. Why’d you want to scare them, César? Tell me.”
César shrugged, sniggered. You tell me. […]
The boy was mimicking older boys he admired, neighborhood punks, dope dealers, the slatted rat-eyes, jeering laugh, junior macho swagger. In a boy
40
so young the effect was as comical as a cartoon that, upon closer inspection, is pornographic.
Zwilich knew these kids. Some were "juives", others were adolscents, "youths". Their souls' deepest utterances were rap lyrics.
He pitied them. He was sympethatic with them. He detested them. He feared
45
them. He was grateful for them: they were his "work".
You would wish to think that César Diaz, so young, could be saved from them. Removed from the neighborhood, which was poisoning his soul, and placed – where? In a juvenile facility? But the youth facilities were overcrowded, understaffed. Zwilich admired some of the administrators of
50
these facilities, for he knew of their idealism – their initial idealism, at least – but these places were in effect urban slum streets with walls around them. […] The boy’s laughter was like a sharp shattering glass and getting on his nerves. If the boy was made to spend a single night in the juvenile facility, he’d be punished for that shriek of a laugh. He’d be punished for his runny nose, and
55
for his smell, and for being a runt, a loser.
Césaré was demanding to know where's Mama? was Mama here yet? and Zwilich said his Mama wasn't here, and César said, his voice rising, Where's Mama? I want to take me home, and he wasn't laughing now, tears of indignation shone in his eyes, and Zwilich said, "César, your Mama told us to
60
to take you and keep you as long as we want to. Your mama said, 'I don't want César in the house anymore, I'm done with César, you keep him.'"
Zwilich was a perfect mimic of Mama's furious voice. Fixing his somber counselor's eyes on César' face. […] César stared at Zwilich now in stunned silence, his mouth quivering. César couldn't be more respectful than if Zwilich
65
had slapped him on both cheeks, hard. You didn't tell an eleven-year-old that his mother didn't want him, but the impulse had come to him, not for the first time in circumstances like this, but for the first time with a child so young, an impulse as strong as sex, overpowering, irresistible, a wishto create somethign - even misery, even self-disgust - out of nothing. […] Zwilich relented. "César,
70
hey." Stood and approached the stricken boy. César's eyes shone with tears, which gave him the look of a fierce little dog. When Zwilich touched him to comfort him, tohe boy cringed. "César, your mama didn't mean it. She called us - a while ago and left a message for me.
'I love my -'"
75
So swiftly it happened then, Zwilich would live and relive the assault and never quite comprehend how César grabbed his right hand and bit his forefinger before zwilich could shove him away.



Annotations:
12 7-Elevn - convenience store, open 24 hours a day, seven days a week
23 TV scold - someone who persistently voices criticism on TV
42 "juives" - abbreviation for juvenile delinquets


Aus: Joyce Carol Oates, "Tetanus" (excerpt),
in: Give me your Heart, London 2011.
#criminalthreats
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Tipps
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Part 2: Short Story

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Joyce Carol Oates, "Tetanus" (excerpt), in: Give me your Heart, London 2011.
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Comprehension
Outline César's life and his criminal record up to this point.
$\,$
Bei dieser Aufgabe steht der Charakter César im Mittelpunkt. Du sollst sein Leben sowie seine Straftaten in einer Comprehension darstellen.
Lies dir also den Text nochmals genau durch und arbeite diese Informationen heraus. Stelle zuerst Césars Leben dar und vernetze dieses dann mit seinen Straftaten.



2.
Analysis
Analyse Zwilich's feelings towards César and how they are conveyed.
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du Zwilich und dessen Gefühle analyisierst. Gehe daher nochmals den Text durch und suche nach emotionalen Regungen, die im Text erwähnt werden.
Im Laufe des Textes ändert sich die Dynamik zwischen den beiden Protagonisten. Diese Situation gibt dir nochmals einen Einblick in den Charakter Zwilich. Benutze direkte und indirekte Zitate, um deine Argumentation zu untermauern.


Choose one of the following assignments.

3.1
Comment
Discuss ways of dealing with juvenile deliquents like César. In your answer refer to both this excerpt and your coursework.
Bei dieser Aufgabe sollst du einen Comment zu César und anderen Jugendstraftätern schreiben. Beziehe dich dabei auf den Text sowie auf Informationen aus dem Unterricht.
Sammle deine Gedanken auf einem Notizpapier. So kannst du deine Gedanken klar strukturieren und dein Comment ist schlüssig. Eine Struktur von Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss ist für diese Form des Comments notwendig.


3.2
Creative Writing
Soon after César’s assault on Zwilich a status hearing is held – a discussion between a Family Court judge, the prosecution, Zwilich and the defendant, young César. Before the judge takes the final decision about what should happen to César, the prosecutor makes a statement in which he puts forward his views on the defendant, his criminal record and his possible reasons for committing crimes. He also gives a recommendation on how to deal with him in the future.

Write the prosecutor's statement to the judge.
Bei dieser Aufgabe nimmst du die Rolle des Klägers ein und verfasst das Schlussplädoyer. Welche Aspekte du beleuchten sollst, ist bereits in der Aufgabenstellung vorgegeben. Bedenke dass du ein Schlussplädoyer vor einem Gericht hältst und dein Text sprachlich angemessen verfasst sein sollte und die Jury zunächst angesprochen wird. Komme am Ende des Plädoyers zu einem in deinen Augen angemessenen Urteil.
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Lösungen
Download als Dokument:PDF

Part 2: Short Story

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Joyce Carol Oates, "Tetanus" (excerpt), in: Give me your Heart, London 2011.
1.
Comprehension
Outline César's life and his criminal record up to this point.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe steht der Charakter César im Mittelpunkt. Du sollst sein Leben sowie seine Straftaten in einer Comprehension darstellen.
Lies dir also den Text nochmals genau durch und arbeite diese Informationen heraus. Stelle zuerst Césars Leben dar und vernetze dieses dann mit seinen Straftaten.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe steht der Charakter César im Mittelpunkt. Du sollst sein Leben sowie seine Straftaten in einer Comprehension darstellen.
Lies dir also den Text nochmals genau durch und arbeite diese Informationen heraus. Stelle zuerst Césars Leben dar und vernetze dies dann mit seinen Straftaten.
César is an eleven-year-old boy who has not been dealt the best hand in life. He grew up in a tough neighborhood. He has been exposed to violence at an early age. These experiences have had a lasting impact on César's life, which shows in the excerpt at hand.
Einleitung
César does not fit the description of a normal eleven-year-old boy. When he was nine, "an older neighborhood boy had tied a rope around César's neck" (Text, line 7). During this incident he fainted. These are not normal experiences that you make when you are nine years old. A lot of this is caused by César's surroundings; he was raised in a problematic neighborhood where violence is part of everyday life. These experiences are impacting the young boy and he tried to strangle his younger brother with a noose (Text, line 10f). He does not go to school regularly because of the violence he imposes on others. This behavior is caused by the way he is treated.
The only way to survive in this world is to play by the rules defined by the world itself. He is "mimicking older boys he admire[s]" (Text, line 39). Drug dealers and neighborhood punks serve as César's rolemodels.
Hauptteil
Césars Leben
This admiration for older boys from his neighborhood define his path. He is only a younger version of them and his criminal record illustrates this fact. For a boy his age, he already has a big criminal record. In police custody five times, vandalism, "petty thefts, disturbances at home and at school, glue sniffing" (Text, line 4) are only a few entries of his file. His career as a criminal seems to be predestined at the age of eleven. Stealing seems to be second nature to him, since he has been caught several times. Drug adiction, in the form of glue sniffing, is already a part of his life.
César's Strafregister
Even Zwilich, who is a seasoned social-worker, is impressed by the life story as well as the criminal record of César at the age of eleven, as he says "'Well, César. So you've been busy.'" (Text, line 1). It could be argued that Zwilich is facing a human being who finds himself at a dead end before even becoming a teenager. To say that César's situation is bleak would be an understatement.
Schluss
#comprehension
2.
Analysis
Analyse Zwilich's feelings towards César and how they are conveyed.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du Zwilich und dessen Gefühle analyisierst. Gehe daher nochmals den Text durch und suche nach emotionalen Regungen, die im Text erwähnt werden.
Im Laufe des Textes ändert sich die Dynamik zwischen den beiden Protagonisten. Diese Situation gibt dir nochmals einen Einblick in den Charakter Zwilich. Benutze direkte und indirekte Zitate, um deine Argumentation zu untermauern.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du Zwilich und dessen Gefühle analyisierst. Gehe daher nochmals den Text durch und suche nach emotionalen Regungen, die im Text erwähnt werden.
Im Laufe des Textes ändert sich die Dynamik zwischen den beiden Protagonisten. Diese Situation gibt dir nochmals einen Einblick in den Charakter Zwilich. Benutze direkte und indirekte Zitate, um deine Argumentation zu untermauern.
Zwilich is the social worker who was called when César Diaz, an eleven-year-old boy, is removed from his mother and younger brother. At first sight, César might look like a perfectly harmless small boy, yet he has a rap sheet which is longer than you could imagine. This has a certain impact on Zwilich and his feelings that I want to focus on in this analysis.
Einleitung
Zwilich is definitely impressed when he is leafing through César's criminal records. He "whistled through his teeth"(Text, line 2) as he recognizes that César is not that type of boy who is brought in for stealing bubble gum at the corner store. Family Court judges had given César second chances before and yet he was here again and the next judge might not "look kindly on all this." (Text, line 18)
Colleagues of Zwilich want to take the hammer down on César. Zwilich, however, is not sure what good will come from this, as he argues that "this is a small child who's been arrested. Look at him, he's so small."
Hauptteil
Zwilichs erster Eindruck
Entering the counceling room, this perception seems to change. Zwilich recognizes "fury" (Text, line 29) in César and he is reminding him of a "snake baring its fangs." (Text, line 31) This means that the social worker views César as someone trapped in a corner, willing to defend himself. The conversation between them seems to be difficult, because César does not provide the social worker with sufficient answers.
Zwilich seems to be angered by the fact that César does not understand the severity of the situation. The law had given him a pass so far and César does not understand this but only mocks him with "junior macho swagger" (Text, line 39).
At the same time, Zwilich has mixed feelings when it comes to kids like César. On the one hand, he pities the boy and even feels something like sympathy for him. On the other hand, he detests and fears them and, at the same time, is grateful for them, because they define his work (Text, line 44f). It is obvious that Zwilich is torn in this situation. He might look inward at his own life, his own relationships; Zwilich's youth might even parallel César's. The biggest difference is that Zwilich has control over his circumstances as opposed to Cesar's utter helplessness at the age of eleven.
Das Aufeinandertreffen
With all these different feelings in his mind, Zwilich is faced with a young boy in front of him who does not understand the gravity of the situation, because he is laughing "like a sharp shattering glass and getting on" (Text, line 53) the nerves of Zwilich. The social worker wants to wake up the boy by teaching him a lesson, since he knows that a night in the juvenile facility would be his downfall.
He confronts him with the lie that his mama does not want to see him, which hurts the small boy and the earlier swagger is vanished from his face as he starts crying. At this moment, Zwilich understands that he has crossed a line that he should not have crossed and tries to console him. This makes the boy even more uncomfortable and he bites the social worker, illustrating that César is not a harmelss small boy anymore but already has dangerous character traits.
Der Wandel im Gespräch
The short story "Tetanus" examines deeply rooted problems of America's underprivileged society. César represents so many of the youth in the problematic areas of the United States. Children whose hope is represented by hoplessness. Zwilich struggles in this situation. He represents a mixed bag of emotions in this excerpt. He finds it difficult to get a hold of what is presented to him in the case of César. The social worker is struggling himself, just as César is struggling. This feeling of powerlessness and uncertainty is represented by the stream-of-consciousness style of sentence fragments and wandering thoughts by Zwilich.
Schluss
#analysis
3.1
Comment
Discuss ways of dealing with juvenile deliquents like César. In your answer refer to both this excerpt and your coursework.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe sollst du einen Comment zu César und anderen Jugendstraftätern schreiben. Beziehe dich dabei auf den Text sowie auf Informationen aus dem Unterricht.
Sammle deine Gedanken auf einem Notizpapier. So kannst du deine Gedanken klar strukturieren und dein Comment ist schlüssig. Eine Struktur von Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss ist für diese Form des Comments notwendig.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe sollst du einen Comment zu César und anderen Jugendstraftätern schreiben. Beziehe dich dabei auf den Text sowie auf Informationen aus dem Unterricht.
Sammle deine Gedanken auf einem Notizpapier. So kannst du deine Gedanken klar strukturieren und dein Comment ist schlüssig. Eine Struktur von Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss ist für diese Form des Comments notwendig.
César Diaz portrays a young boy with a long rap sheet in the short story "Tetanus" by Joyce Carol Oates. César is not an anomaly but rather the representation of many other young children and teenagers who struggle in life. They are labelled as juvenile deliquents and for a lot of them the path in life already seems to be predestined. The society has to take care of this development where children get off track at an early age. In this comment I want to discuss of possible solution for this kind of situation.
Einleitung
Juvenile delinquents basically follow a trajectory similar to that of adults. Children and youth tend to follow a path rather than creating their own. This gives the society and communities the chance to intervene this pattern and prevent the onset of this development at an early age.
Hauptteil
Ausgangslage
I believe that prevention and intervention is the magic spell for this problem. Social workers should not only have taken care of César at the age of eleven, but at an earlier stage of his life. I'm not talking about punishment but rather about positive youth development, including education, relationships with others, community work, health and sport programs. There has to be backstop for young children if the family fails to provide stability. There are classroom and behavior managment programs at school which take care of the most severe problems. Even after school there are recreation programs that help young children to manage their day. Sport programs have been heralded by top athletes as the reason why they did not get off track. It is important that these chances and solutions are visible to the troubled children of our society, because they can be safe havens.
Most of these programs are non-profit organizations designed to help youth and guide them to a better path.
Intervention
Help can also be found at home. There are home visitation programs which might have been able to de-escalate the fight between César and his mother. The programs target specific risk factors that lead to delinquent behavior. Once the risk factors are lessened, the problematic behavior is much less likely to occur.
There is even prenatal and early childhood nurse visitation program which is largely successful at deterring crime for the children involved because they occur early in the child's development.
Hilfe zu Hause
The results of high-quality early prevention programs can be tremendous. They help to set patterns that prevent delinquency in later years. Children who take this seriously are less likely to drop out and perform delinquent behavior because they have had better experiences in their early life. Studies even show that early inventions increase the IQ scores and a lower rate of aggression and antisocial behavior.
Prevention programs positively impacts the general public because they stop crimes from happening in the first place.
Schluss
#comment
3.2
Creative Writing
Soon after César’s assault on Zwilich a status hearing is held – a discussion between a Family Court judge, the prosecution, Zwilich and the defendant, young César. Before the judge takes the final decision about what should happen to César, the prosecutor makes a statement in which he puts forward his views on the defendant, his criminal record and his possible reasons for committing crimes. He also gives a recommendation on how to deal with him in the future.

Write the prosecutor's statement to the judge.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe nimmst du die Rolle des Klägers ein und verfasst das Schlussplädoyer. Welche Aspekte du beleuchten sollst, ist bereits in der Aufgabenstellung vorgegeben. Bedenke dass du ein Schlussplädoyer vor einem Gericht hältst und dein Text sprachlich angemessen verfasst sein sollte und die Jury zunächst angesprochen wird. Komme am Ende des Plädoyers zu einem in deinen Augen angemessenen Urteil.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe nimmst du die Rolle des Klägers ein und verfasst das Schlussplädoyer. Welche Aspekte du beleuchten sollst, ist bereits in der Aufgabenstellung vorgegeben. Bedenke dass du ein Schlussplädoyer vor einem Gericht hältst und dein Text sprachlich angemessen verfasst sein sollte und die Jury zunächst angesprochen wird. Komme am Ende des Plädoyers zu einem in deinen Augen angemessenen Urteil.
Good afternoon ladies and gentleman of the jury, again my name is John Fox, and I am the prosecutor in this case.
Anrede
In my opening statement of this case I talked about César Diaz and his criminal records. I want to remind you that we are not talking about shoplifiting. No, the rap sheet is much longer and much more severe in the case of Mr. Diaz over here. The same judge that is now sitting with us here today has given César several second chances.
Einleitung
Ausgangslage
I believe that it is about time to stop this benevolent behavior of the past. César has not acted to the degree this court has hoped for. I have doubts that another warning shot will provide anything in this case. You might think that César is still only a boy eleven years of age. But I need you to realize César has a longer criminal record than some prisoners. That sounds hard to imagine but it is true.
You might blame Mr. Zwilich for his behavior in the counseling room shortly before the incident took place. I even argue that you have every right to blame him, because he crossed a line there that should not have been crossed. Yet, I ask you: are Mr. Zwilich's actions not representative of the extreme situation he found himself in?
It is certainly true that César has had a rough going for the last few years. He has not always been the oppressor but was also bullied by others. He has witnessed things that I hope none of us have had to witness or will witness. It is very sad to leave through the history of his life.
Hauptteil
Forderung
That is why I think it is even more important to take César to a juvenile facility, where he does not have to face the extremely difficult surroundings of his home. César could benefit greatly from 3 months in a juvenile facility. There are skilled workers who will get him back on track. There is still a chance that César will develop into a promising citizen, yet this is not the case if he stays with other drug dealers and gangbangers of his neighborhood. I have seen too many young boys go down this road and I don't want to see this happen with César. Jury, I am pretty sure you won't neither.

Thank You for your attention.
Schluss
#creativewriting
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