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# Vorschlag B

Aufgaben
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## Part 2: Literature

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Dave Eggers, The Circle (excerpt), copyright © 2013 by David Eggers.
1.
Summarize the text.
(30 Punkte)
#summary#daveeggers#thecircle
2.
Relate the aspects of modern technology described in the excerpt to a dystopian film/text dealt with in class.
(40 Punkte)
#description#technology
3.
"We shape our tools and thereafter our tools shape us."
Marshall McLuhan, 1944
Assess this statement with regard to the effects of the digital revolution.
(30 Punkte)
#digitalrevolution

## Dave Eggers: The Circle (excerpt from the novel, 2013)

The circle is a fictitious US company devoted to internet business and technological devices. Bailey, one of the company‘s three CEOs, is presenting a new device to his staff.
1
He [Bailey] was holding a small device in his hand, the shape and size of a lollipop. "This is a video camera, and this is the precise model that‘s getting this incredible image quality. […] So that‘s the first great thing. We can now get high-def-quality resolution in a camera the size of a thumb. Well, a very big thumb. The second great thing is
5
that, as you can see, this camera needs no wires. It‘s transmitting this image via satellite."
A round of applause shook the room.
"Wait. Did I say it runs on a lithium battery that lasts two years? No? Well it does. […] And it‘s waterproof, sand-proof, windproof, animal-proof, insect-proof, everything-
10
proof."
More applause overtook the room.
"Okay, so I set set up that camera this morning. I taped it to a stake, stuck that stake in the sand, in the dunes, with no permit, nothing. In fact, no one knows it‘s there. So this morning I turned it on, then I drove back to the office, accessed Camera One, Stinson
15
Beach, and I got this image. Not bad. But that‘s not the half of it. Actually, I was pretty busy this morning. I drove around, and set up one at Rodeo Beach, too."
And now the original image, of Stinson Beach, shrank and moved to a corner of the screen. Another box emerged, showing the waves at Rodeo Beach, a few miles down the Pacific coast. "And now Montara. And Ocean Beach. Fort Point." With each beach
20
Bailey mentioned, another live image appeared. They were now six beaches in a grid, each of them live, visible with perfect clarity and brilliant color.
"Now remember: no one sees these cameras. I‘ve hidden them pretty well. To the average person they look like weeds, or some kind of stick. Anything. They‘re unnoticed. So in a few hours this morning, I set up perfectly clear video access to six locations
25
that help me know how to plan my day. And everything we do here is about knowing the previously unknown, right?"
Heads nodded. A smattering of applause.
Okay, so many of you are thinking, ‘Well, this is just like closed-circuit TV crossed with streaming technology, satellites, all that.‘ Fine. But as you know, to do this with extant
30
technology would have been prohibitively expensive for the average person. But what if all this was accessible and affordable to anyone? My friends, we‘re looking at retailing these -in just a few months, mind you -at fifty-nine dollars each." […]
"You can buy ten of them for Christmas and suddenly you have constant access to everywhere you want to be -home, work, traffic conditions. And anyone can install
35
them. It takes five minutes tops. Think of the implications!"
The screen behind him cleared, the beaches disappearing, and a new grid appeared.
"Here‘s the view from my back yard," he said, revealing a live feed of a tidy and modest back yard.
"Here‘s my front yard. My garage. Here‘s one on a hill overlooking Highway 101 where
40
it gets bad during rush hour. Here‘s one near my parking space to make sure no one parks there."
And soon the screen had sixteen discrete images on it, all of them transmitting live feed.
"Now, these are just my cameras. I access them all by simply typing in Camera 1, 2, 3,
45
12, whatever. Easy. But what about sharing? That is, what if my buddy has some cameras posted, and wants to give me access?"
And now the screen‘s grid multiplied, from sixteen boxes to thirty-two. "Here‘s Lionel Fitzpatrick‘s screens. He‘s into skiing, so he‘s got cameras positioned so he can tell the conditions at twelve locations all over Tahoe."
50
[…] "Lionel can give me access to any of the cameras he wants. It‘s just like friending someone, but now with access to all their live feeds. Forget cable. Forget five hundred channels. If you have one thousand friends, and they have ten cameras each, you now have ten thousand options for live footage. If you have five thousand friends, you have fifty thousand options. And soon you‘ll be able to connect to millions of cameras
55
around the world. Again, imagine the implications!"

Annotations:
29 extant - something very old that still exists
35 tops - at the most

Aus: Dave Eggers, The Circle (excerpt),
copyright © 2013 by David Eggers.
#novel#technology
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## Part 2: Literature

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Dave Eggers, The Circle (excerpt), copyright © 2013 by David Eggers.
1.
Summarize the text.
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du den Textauszug aus Dave Eggers The Circle zusammenfasst. Lies den Text nochmals und arbeite die Hauptpunkte heraus, die du in deiner Zusammenfassung erwähnen möchtest.
Bedenke, dass du dich kurz fassen solltest und nicht jedes Detail des Auszugs Erwähnung finden muss. Beginne deine Zusammenfassung mit Informationen zu Autor, Titel und Veröffentlichungsdatum.
2.
Relate the aspects of modern technology described in the excerpt to a dystopian film/text dealt with in class.
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil geht es darum, dass du die moderne Technologie des Textauszugs mit Elementen einer Dystopie vergleichst. Dabei kannst du entweder auf einen Film oder einen Text zurückgreifen.
Da dir die moderne Technologie des Textauszugs als Grundlage dienen soll, ist es wichtig, dass du diesen Auszug nochmal nach diesen Details durchkämmst.
Da du einen Bezug herstellen sollst, überlege dir zunächst, welche Dystopie sich für den vorliegenden Textauszug eignet. Schreibe deine Ideen zunächst auf ein Notizpapier und bringe diese in Form. Eine Struktur von Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss eigent sich für diese Aufgabe.
3.
"We shape our tools and thereafter ou tools shape us."
Marshall McLuhan, 1944
Assess this statement with regard to the effects of the digital revolution.
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil sollst du ein Urteil zum oben obigen Zitat von Marshall McLuhan im Bezug auf die digitale Revolution fällen. Dabei geht es nicht so sehr um richtig oder falsch, sondern eher darum, dass du deinen Standpunkt zu diesem Zitat sinnvoll begründen kannst.
Mache dir also im Vorfeld Notizen dazu, ob du McLuhan zustimmst oder nicht. Strukturiere deine Beurteilung in Einleitung Hauptteil und Schluss. Dein Schluss sollte deine Stellung nochmals zusammenfassen.
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Download als Dokument:PDF

## Part 2: Literature

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Dave Eggers, The Circle (excerpt), copyright © 2013 by David Eggers.
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Summarize the text.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du den Textauszug aus Dave Eggers The Circle zusammenfasst. Lies den Text nochmals und arbeite die Hauptpunkte heraus, die du in deiner Zusammenfassung erwähnen möchtest.
Bedenke, dass du dich kurz fassen solltest und nicht jedes Detail des Auszugs Erwähnung finden muss. Beginne deine Zusammenfassung mit Informationen zu Autor, Titel und Veröffentlichungsdatum.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du den Textauszug aus Dave Eggers The Circle zusammenfasst. Lies den Text nochmals und arbeite die Hauptpunkte heraus, die du in deiner Zusammenfassung erwähnen möchtest.
Bedenke, dass du dich kurz fassen solltest und nicht jedes Detail des Auszugs Erwähnung finden muss. Beginne deine Zusammenfassung mit Informationen zu Autor, Titel und Veröffentlichungsdatum.
The excerpt at hand is from the novel The Circle written by Dave Eggers and published in 2013. It is about the presentation of a new camera model by Bailey, who is one of the CEOs of the company The Circle. These new cameras are given to the staff of the company.
Einleitung
This new camera is unprecedented. It has high definition resolution, transmitting via satellite and resistant to all kind of environmental impact. On top of that, it has a long-life battery and can be installed by anyone and everywhere.
Bailey has a knack to electrify the audience. His enthusiasm is contagious. He is very proud of what they have achieved and that the camera makes complete surveillance possible to an extent that was, until now, unimagineable. He illustrates that effect to his audience by switching to different cameras that he placed at different locations around the world. The new camera will be affordable so that everyone can use these new features. Users will even have the possibility to share their camera access with others. The world will be even more connected than before.
Hauptteil
#technology
2.
Relate the aspects of modern technology described in the excerpt to a dystopian film/text dealt with in class.
Tipp
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil geht es darum, dass du die moderne Technologie des Textauszugs mit Elementen einer Dystopie vergleichst. Dabei kannst du entweder auf einen Film oder einen Text zurückgreifen.
Da dir die moderne Technologie des Textauszugs als Grundlage dienen soll, ist es wichtig, dass du diesen Auszug nochmal nach diesen Details durchkämmst.
Da du einen Bezug herstellen sollst, überlege dir zunächst, welche Dystopie sich für den vorliegenden Textauszug eignet. Schreibe deine Ideen zunächst auf ein Notizpapier und bringe diese in Form. Eine Struktur von Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss eigent sich für diese Aufgabe.
Tipp
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil geht es darum, dass du die moderne Technologie des Textauszugs mit Elementen einer Dystopie vergleichst. Dabei kannst du entweder auf einen Film oder einen Text zurückgreifen.
Da dir die moderne Technologie des Textauszugs als Grundlage dienen soll, ist es wichtig, dass du diesen Auszug nochmal nach diesen Details durchkämmst.
Da du einen Bezug herstellen sollst, überlege dir zunächst, welche Dystopie sich für den vorliegenden Textauszug eignet. Schreibe deine Ideen zunächst auf ein Notizpapier und bringe diese in Form. Eine Struktur von Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss eigent sich für diese Aufgabe.

The technological advancements of the last few decades have made the world one thing: more transparent. Google Street View and CCTV have made it possible to see everything in public. While these developments have their advantages when it comes to preventing crimes or solving problems, there are also concerns about privacy. This conflict is at the heart of David Egger‘s novel The Circle and the excerpt at hand. Eggers, however, is not the first author to point out this problematic field. Therefore, I want to compare how Egger‘s novel with George Orwell‘s dystopian fiction 1984.
Einleitung
There is no doubt that Bailey is convinced about the product he is presenting to his audience. He believes this to be the next great invention of mankind. A camera "the size of a lollipop" (Text, line 1) combined with a long-lasting battery is a recipe for success in the eyes of Bailey. Despite its size the camera produces "incredible image quality" (Text, line 2f) and is easily installed (text, line 35). It can be put everywhere and thus presents unprecedented ways of surveillance. Being able to connect with "millions of cameras around the world" (Text, line 55) this new camera presents information galore. The best thing; it comes at a fair price, which makes it affordable to a lot of people. For Bailey, this presents the next step in technological advancement, as he portrays all the benefits that this camera will provide (Text, line 53f).
Hauptteil
Baileys Vision
The scene at hand does not seem out of the question or unbelievable. It is the exact opposite; technological advancements are very close to that in reality. This could only be a matter of years before we hold such a device as presented by Bailey in our hands. While Bailey and the audience seem to be amazed by this new gadget for surveillance, the reader might hear a few alarm bells ringing. Bailey is describing what sounds like a wet dream for surveillance states and governments which want to use such a power. It echoes with George Orwell‘s 1984 and its totalitarian regime.
Überleitung
In 1984, George Orwell presents a dystopian future in which citizens are under constant surveillance by the government, while records of the past are continuously edited and destroyed. In Orwell‘s novel it is not a lollipop shaped camera but TV sets that spy on their owners within their own homes. Even when there are no TV sets around, there are concealed microphones which pass on the information to the totalitarian government. There is no privacy at all in 1984. This is a closed system, through which pure information only flows in one direction before being heavily altered and then filtered back to the unsuspecting masses. With slogans like “WAR IS PEACE”, “FREEDOM IS SLAVERY”, and “IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH”, Orwell makes it quite clear that the rulers of this world mean business and will stop at nothing to ensure the continuation of their reign of oppression.
The tiny cameras described by Eggers in the excerpt illustrate the possible birth of such a surveilance state as depicted in 1984. A camera with this performance would enable the government to spy constantly on their citizens. No place on this earth would be without eyes, everything could be controlled by these little cameras which Bailey presents in the excerpt. The audience does not seem to see the potential danger that such a device creates, since they are all impressed by what is presented to them. Only after it is too late, the audience would understand and witness the down sides of complete transparancy.
Schluss
#technology#transparency
3.
"We shape our tools and thereafter ou tools shape us."
Marshall McLuhan, 1944
Assess this statement with regard to the effects of the digital revolution.
Tipp
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil sollst du ein Urteil zum oben obigen Zitat von Marshall McLuhan im Bezug auf die digitale Revolution fällen. Dabei geht es nicht so sehr um richtig oder falsch, sondern eher darum, dass du deinen Standpunkt zu diesem Zitat sinnvoll begründen kannst.
Mache dir also im Vorfeld Notizen dazu, ob du McLuhan zustimmst oder nicht. Strukturiere deine Beurteiulung in Einleitung Hauptteil und Schluss. Dein Schluss sollte deine Stellung nochmals zusammenfassen.
Tipp
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil sollst du ein Urteil zum oben obigen Zitat von Marshall McLuhan im Bezug auf die digitale Revolution fällen. Dabei geht es nicht so sehr um richtig oder falsch, sondern eher darum, dass du deinen Standpunkt zu diesem Zitat sinnvoll begründen kannst.
Mache dir also im Vorfeld Notizen dazu, ob du McLuhan zustimmst oder nicht. Strukturiere deine Beurteiulung in Einleitung Hauptteil und Schluss. Dein Schluss sollte deine Stellung nochmals zusammenfassen.
Marshall McLuhan is of the opinion that the tools which we create will end up changing us, our behaviour and our habits. McLuhan certainly has a point with this assessment. It is especially true for the digital advancements of the last few decades. I want to discuss the quote by McLuhan in the light of the digial revolution which has been taking place during the last 40 years.
Einleitung
First off, I want to point out the advantages that the digital revolution has brought for us. Never before the world has been connected in the way it is today. You want to have a face to face conversation with your aunt in Australia? No problem. You want to get the latest news instantly on a small device that fits into your pocket? No problem. These are just two examples that show how much the digital revolution of the last few decades has simplified our lives. There is no doubt that our everyday life is much easier since the technological advancements have settled in and I don‘t even talk about the advancements in the health sector and research in general, which would not have been able without technological advancement. Electronic communication is an extension of our nervous system, just as computers are extensions of our brains.
Hauptteil
Vorteile der digitalen Revolution
Yet this is also a development that many view critically. Never before did we have to do less on our own. We have small gadgets for everything in our life. You want to now how far and how fast you have run today? No problem, there is an app for that. You want to know the best Sushi place in your town? There‘s an app for that. Critics claim that this has caused us to stop thinking on our own. Whenever there is an obstacle, we turn to our devices to solve problems that we were able to solve on our own ten years ago. I think this is what McLuhan is pointing at when he says that our tools define us.
Apart from this digital nonage, there is also the topic of artificial intellegence, which is a concern for some people. Technology is developing so fast that maybe one day we will be ruled by computers, as some theorists argue. I don‘t think this will happen and would argue that this is an outgrowth of fantasy, yet the thought alone is terrifying.
We are at the beginning of an ever faster rate of hyper-change. AI, robotics, gene editing, designer babies, genetically “improved” humans, bio enhancements, self-driving cars, the end of work and a very long list of other new tools that are about to disrupt and re-shape almost everything at essentially the same time. The biggest and fastest changes in the history of the world. How will the world deal with that much hyper-change all at once?
Nachteile der digitalen Revolution
This is the question that has to be asked. We need people like Marshall McLuhan in today‘s society who constantly reminds us of this ongoing change and that we have to be carful with it. The tools of the last 20 years have already shaped us and have helped our development tremendously. There is no denying that. At the same time, we sometimes need to remind ourselves about what is going on around us and whether it is all good. We have to understand how tools are shaping us, and how to cope with that shaping in the time of hyper-change.
Schluss

#technology#digitalrevolution
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