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# Vorschlag A

Aufgaben

## Part 1: Literature

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Summarize the text.
#summary
2.
Analyse the text and its effect on the reader by taking its narrative situation, structure, and the use of language into account.
#analysis
3.
"[W]hy not find a clean, dry place and wait it out with it hurting as little as possible?"
Assess whether this is a viable means of dealing with inner turmoil referring to Slaughterhouse Five.
#opinion#quotation

## Kevin Powers: The Yellow Birds (excerpt from the novel, 2013)

The protagonist and narrator, a young American named Bartle, has just returned home to Virgina from fighting as a machine gunner with the US army in the war in Iraq. He is observing some of his friends from a distance while they are swimming in a river.
1
Luke and the rest of the boys and girls still splashed in the water, taking turns diving from the broad gray rocks into a little draft of current that swept them ten or twenty feet downstream like an amusement park ride. They were beautiful. I had to resist the urge to hate them.
5
I had become a kind of cripple. They were my friends, right? Why didn't I just wade out to them? What would I say? "Hey, how are you?" they'd say. And l'd answer. "I feel like I'm being eaten from the inside out and I can't tell anyone what's going on because everyone is so grateful to me all the time and I'll feel like I'm ungrateful or something. Or like I'll give away that l don't deserve anyone's gratitude and really they should all hate me for
10
what I've done but everyone loves me for it and it's driving me crazy." Right.
Or should I have said that I wanted to die, not in the sense of wanting to throw myself off of that train bridge over there, but more like wanting to be asleep forever because there isn't any making up for killing women or even watching women get killed, or for that matter killing men and shooting them in the back and shooting them more times than
15
necessary to actually kill them and it was like just trying to kill everything you saw sometimes because it felt like there was acid seeping down into your soul and then your soul is gone and knowing from being taught your whole life that there is no making up for what you are doing, you're taught that your whole life, but then even your mother is so happy and proud because you lined up your sight posts and made people crumple and
20
they were not getting up ever and yeah they might have been trying to kill you too, so you say, What are you gonna do?, but really it doesn't matter because by the end you failed at the one good thing you could have done, the one person you promised would live is dead, and you have seen all things die in more manners than you'd like to recall and for a while the whole thing fucking ravaged your spirit like some deep-down shit, man, that you
25
didn't even realize you had until only the animals made you sad, the husks of dogs filled with explosives and old arty shells and the fucking guts and everything stinking like metal and burning garbage and you walk around and the smell is deep down into you now and you say, How can metal be so on fire? and Where is all this Fucking trash coming from? and even back home you're getting whiffs of it and then that thing you started to notice
30
slipping away is gone and now it's becoming inverted, like you have bottomed out in your spirit but yet a deeper hole is being dug because everybody is so Fucking happy to see you, the murderer, the fucking accomplice, the at-bare-minimum bearer of some fucking responsibility, and everyone wants to slap you on the back and you start to want to burn the whole goddamn country down, you want to burn every goddamn yellow ribbon in
35
sight, and you can't explainit but it's just, like, Fuck you, but then you signed up to go so it's all your fault really, because you went on purpose, so you are in the end doubly fucked, so why not just find a spot and curl up and die and let's make it as painless as possible because you are a coward and, really, cowardice got you into this mess because you wanted to be a man and people made fun of you and pushed you around in the cafe-
40
teria and the hallways in high school because you liked to read books and poems sometimes and they'd call you fag and really deep down you know you went because you wanted to be a man and that's never gonna happen now and you're too much of a coward to be a man and get it over with so why not find a clean, dry place and wait it out with it hurting as little as possible and just wait to go to sleep and not wake up and
45
fuck'em all.

Annotations:
2 current - here: die Strömung
19 sight post - part of a gun whith which to aim
25 husk - here: die (leere) Hülle, die Schale
34 arty shell - artillery shell (die Munitionshülse)
32 at-bare-minimum bearer of responsibility - s.o. who takes on only the most basic responsibility
34 yellow ribbon - item which expresses solidarity with the troops

Aus: Kevin Powers, Yellow Birds,
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Tipps

## Part 1: Literature

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Summarize the text.
Deine Aufgabe ist es, den vorliegenden Textauszug zusammenzufassen. Bei einer solchen Summary solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Stell dir also die Frage: Was sind die wichtigsten Punkte in diesem Textauszug? Ebenso ist es wichtig, dass du deine eigenen Formulierungen benutzt und nicht zitierst. Lies dir den Text mehrmals genau durch. Nur wenn du den Text gut verstanden hast, kannst du eine gute Summary schreiben. Unterstreiche wichtige Keywords und versuche den Text in Abschnitte einzuteilen.
2.
Analyse the text and its effect on the reader by taking its narrative situation, structure, and the use of language into account.
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du den Text analysierst. Lies dir den Auszug also nochmals durch und überlege dir, was beim Leser ausgelöst wird.
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil kannst und sollst du auch direkten Bezug nehmen. Baue in deine Anaylse also Zitate ein, um deine Argumente zu untermauern. Gehe besonders auf die Erzählsituation sowie die Sprache ein.
Du solltest deine Analyse in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
3.
"[W]hy not find a clean, dry place and wait it out with it hurting as little as possible?"
Assess whether this is a viable means of dealing with inner turmoil referring to Slaughterhouse Five.
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du dich auf das vorliegede Zitat beziehst. Begründe, ob dieses Vorgehen deiner Meinung nach sinnvoll ist oder nicht. Hierbei gibt es kein richtig oder falsch - es geht darum, dass du deinen Standpunkt nachvollziehbar darstellen kannst.
Vergleiche danach Bartle mit Billy Pilgrim aus Slaughterhouse Five. Konzentriere dich dabei auf Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede.
Du solltest deine Antwort in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
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Lösungen

## Part 1: Literature

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Summarize the text.
Tipp
Deine Aufgabe ist es, den vorliegenden Textauszug zusammenzufassen. Bei einer solchen Summary solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Stell dir also die Frage: Was sind die wichtigsten Punkte in diesem Textauszug? Ebenso ist es wichtig, dass du deine eigenen Formulierungen benutzt und nicht zitierst.
Lies dir den Text mehrmals genau durch. Nur wenn du den Text gut verstanden hast, kannst du eine gute Summary schreiben. Unterstreiche wichtige Keywords und versuche den Text in Abschnitte einzuteilen.
Tipp
Deine Aufgabe ist es, den vorliegenden Textauszug zusammenzufassen. Bei einer solchen Summary solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Stell dir also die Frage: Was sind die wichtigsten Punkte in diesem Textauszug? Ebenso ist es wichtig, dass du deine eigenen Formulierungen benutzt und nicht zitierst.
Lies dir den Text mehrmals genau durch. Nur wenn du den Text gut verstanden hast, kannst du eine gute Summary schreiben. Unterstreiche wichtige Keywords und versuche den Text in Abschnitte einzuteilen.
The excerpt at hand is from the novel The Yellow Birds written by Kevin Powers and published in London in 2013. The extract focuses on Bartle, the first-person narrator of the novel, who is watching his friends swimming in a river. Instead of joining them he is tormented by traumatic war experiences and a feeling of guilt. Being an Iraq war veteran, Bartle seemingly cannot find a common ground with his friends who did not go to war with him. He watches them, yet does not want to intrude the scenery.
He is mainly blaiming himself for this situation since he joined the army voluntarily at the age of 17. As a consequence of this decision he is haunted by horrific images of the war. Not having been able to protect a good comrade during the war, Bartle feels especially down. Thoughts of committing suicide have crossed his troubled mind. Bartle just wants to hide and disappear somewhere so he does not have to face other people. This feeling is only intensified by the fact that people show gratitude towards him. Bartle does not in any way feel good about this because he is sure that he does not deserve this form of gratitude. By joining the army, Bartle wanted to prove his manhood to himself and to others who mocked him for reading books and poetry. In the end he admits that this decision was one big mistake.
2.
Analysis
Analyse the text and its effect on the reader by taking its narrative situation, structure, and the use of language into account.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du den Text analysierst. Lies dir den Auszug also nochmals durch und überlege dir, was beim Leser ausgelöst wird.
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil kannst und sollst du auch direkten Bezug nehmen. Baue in deine Anaylse also Zitate ein, um deine Argumente zu untermauern. Gehe besonders auf die Erzälsituation sowie die Sprache ein.
Du solltest deine Analyse in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du den Text analysierst. Lies dir den Auszug also nochmals durch und überlege dir, was beim Leser ausgelöst wird.
Bei diesem Aufgabenteil kannst und sollst du auch direkten Bezug nehmen. Baue in deine Anaylse also Zitate ein, um deine Argumente zu untermauern. Gehe besonders auf die Erzälsituation sowie die Sprache ein.
Du solltest deine Analyse in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
With his novel The Yellow Birds the author Kevin Powers gives his readership a highly senitive and perceptive portrayal of a man at war. This portrayal does not only focus on the fight in Iraq, but also the struggle afterwards when Bartle is back home in the United States. This is apparent in the excerpt at hand.
Einleitung
This sensitive and perceptive portrayal of war is illustrated to the reader when he looks at the structure of the text at hand. It consists of three paragraphs. In the first paragraph, Bartle is watching his friends who are happily swimming in a river (Text, line 1-4). This happiness that is displayed in front of his eyes seems to trigger something in Bartle. He does not seem capable to perceive this kind of levity anymore. This sharp contrast between his bleak state of mind and the happiness of his friends leads Bartle to think about his life.
His thoughts about himself and the struggle are at the heart of the second paragraph (Text, line 5-10). He cannot fathom returning to the life that his friends are living. His thoughts become much longer and more complex (Text, line 6-10).
It is in the third paragraph that a stream-of consciousness sets in. The reader is experiencing the thoughts, feelings and ideas of Bartle. This is written in one longe sentence (Text, line 11-45). Bartle's thoughts begin to wander yet start and end at the exact same point: he wants to be left alone by other people. It seems as if Bartle finds himself in a vicious cycle where suicide seems to be the only option left for the protagonist. (Text, line 44f.)
Hauptteil
Die Struktur
Thematically the excerpt deals witht the concept of contrast. Having spent time as a soldier in the Iraq War, Bartle cannot go back to his old life, where everything seems to be like "an amusement park ride" (Text, line 3). He is torn because he is, on the one hand, feeling happy for his friends, but, on the other hand, feeling desparate because he cannot join them.
People everywhere around him show their gratitude towards him, yet he feels terrible for what he has done during the war. Due to all these struggles, Bartle labels himself a "kind of cripple" (Text, line 5), referring to his probelmatic state of mind.
Der Kontrast
The fact that Bartle is torn is represented in the language as well. The fact that Bartle is troubled by all these thoughts that are running through his mind is represented by the frequent use of colloquialisms and interjections such as "right", "yeah" and "man" (Text, line 5, 20, 25). This creates an intimate feeling for the reader as if he or she is involved. Bartle uses enumeration in order to illustrate the horrific experiences which he made during the Iraq War. The reader is also informed about the crimes that Bartle himself has committed. This troubles Bartle's mind which is further enforced by questions like "so you say, What are you gonna do?"
Killing and dying is a constant in the life of Bartle which is further illustrated by the fact that the verbs "to kill" (Text, line 13-15, 20) and "to die" (Text, line 11, 23, 37) are used repeatedly throughout the excerpt. The notion that Bartle is suffering from his experiences is illustrated by metaphors like being "eaten from the inside out" (Text, line 7) and "like there was acid seeping down into your soul" (Text, line 16)
Sprache
This inner crisis results in his wish to "burn the whole goddamn country down" (Text, l. 34). He also wants to get rid of the yellow ribbons, which symbolize solidarity with the US soldiers (Text, l. 35). In the last few lines the narrator repeats the word "really" (Text, line 36-41), which indicates that Bartle wants to genuinely improve the situation or maybe get through with it and commit suicide.
Die Konsequenz
John Bartle is a deeply traumatic character who suffers from the experiences he made during his time in the Iraq War. These horrifying images and the feeling of guilt is present in the language used by Kevin Powers. After the murder and cruelty of the war, Bartle is no longer a fit for the society. It seems impossible for the protagonist to cope with reality.
Schluss
3.
"[W]hy not find a clean, dry place and wait it out with it hurting as little as possible?"
Assess whether this is a viable means of dealing with inner turmoil referring to Slaughterhouse Five.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du dich auf das vorliegede Zitat beziehst. Begründe, ob dieses Vorgehen deiner Meinung nach sinnvoll ist oder nicht. Hierbei gibt es kein richtig oder falsch - es geht darum, dass du deinen Standpunkt nachvollziehbar darstellen kannst.
Vergleiche danach Bartle mit Billy Pilgrim aus Slaughterhouse Five. Konzentriere dich dabei auf Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede.
Du solltest deine Antwort in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, dass du dich auf das vorliegede Zitat beziehst. Begründe, ob dieses Vorgehen deiner Meinung nach sinnvoll ist oder nicht. Hierbei gibt es kein richtig oder falsch - es geht darum, dass du deinen Standpunkt nachvollziehbar darstellen kannst.
Vergleiche danach Bartle mit Billy Pilgrim aus Slaughterhouse Five. Konzentriere dich dabei auf Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede.
Du solltest deine Antwort in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq are the longest combat operations since the Vietnam War. Many US soldiers returned from their stint with serious mental problems caused by the horrific experiences of the war. John Bartle, protagonist of Kevin Powers' novel The Yellow Birds, is suffering from this form of posttraumatic stress disorder. He cannot come to terms with the things that he has done and witnessed in Iraq. The senseless brutality has caused Bartle to think about a possible suicide. Yet this does not seem to be a viable solution because he is too much of a coward to do it. As a consequence, he wants to wait it out with as little hurting as possible. I want to talk about this approach in this essay and compare the character of John Bartle with Billy Pilgrim in Slaughterhouse Five.
Einleitung
Although Bartle and Billy fight in different wars, they face similar obstacles. Both are traumatized by the things they witness during the war. Being a chaplain's assistant, Billy does not have to fight actively, yet he ends up as a prisoner of the German army. He witnesses the bombing of Dresden and other war cruelties, including the death of a friend who is shot for stealing a teapot. Both Bartle and Billy are not capable of dealing with these gruesome realities. They want to retreat into a world where these experiences don't exist.
Hauptteil
Vergleich Bartle und Billy
Back in the US, after the end of the Second World War, Billy discovers science-fiction literature, helping him to escape the unpleasant reality he is facing on a daily-basis. He travels to the planet Tralfamadore and starts a new life on this planet. Billy's escape, however, is only temporary, since he is shot by another wartime companion who promised to kill Billy to take revenge for another soldier's death.
This shows that Billy's strategy of escape does not work out in the end. A fantasy world as in the case of Billy Pilgrim can only take you so far. Escaping the reality for some kind of fantastic parallel world turns out to be fatal for Billy.
Eventhough escaping worked a while for Billy it turned out to be a dead end for the protagonist of Slaughterhouse Five. Therefore I would make the argument that Bartle is facing a similar future with his approach of retreating from society. For the moment it might seem logical, yet in the long run it will catch up with the protagonist.
Die Flucht
Post traumatic stress disorder is a serious problem that a lot of war veterans have to deal with when they return home and are faced with the experiences that no one elese can understand. Retreating into a fantasy world where these problems are not present seems to be like an easy out for some traumatized veterans and might be sufficient for a certain time. In the long run, however, the events of Bartle's past will return to him whether he wants it or not. A long term solution would much rather be a therapy which helps Bartle to deal with what he experienced and offer relief from the inner turmoil that he is struggling with in his life.
Schluss
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