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Aufgabenblock 1

Aufgaben
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Reading Comprehension

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
$\;$
Alice Munro: "Deep Holes" (New Yorker, Monday, 30th June, 2008).
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Summarize the information the excerpt gives about Kent.
$(30\;\%)$
#summary
2.
Examine the relationships within Kent's family and the way the members interact with each other.
$(30\;\%)$
#examination
3.
"The bond that links your true family is not one of blood, but of espect and joy in each other's life." (Richard Bach, American writer and pilot, born 1936)
Comment on the validity of the statement and discuss the issues which, in your opinion, it raises.
$(40\;\%)$
#comment#quotation
Material - Alice Munro: Deep Holes
$\;$
Sally and Alex went for a picnic with their sons Kent and Peter and baby Savanna. While playing, Kent fell into a hole and broke his legs.
[…] lt was necessary for Kent to spend the next six months out of school, strung up for the first few weeks in a rented hospital bed. Sally picked up and turned in his school
5
assignments, which he completed in no time. Then he was encouraged to go ahead with Extra Projects. One of these was "Travels and Explorations - Choose Your Country." "I want to pick somewhere nobody else would pick," he said. The accident and the convalescence seemed to have changed him. He acted older than his age now, less antic1, more serene. And Sally told him something that she had not told to another soul.
10
She told him how she was attracted to remote islands. Not to the Hawaiian lslands or the Canaries or the Hebrides or the lsles of Greece, where everybody wanted to go, but to small or obscure islands that nobody talked about and that were seldom, if ever, visited. Ascension, Tristan da Cunha, Chatharn Island and Christmas Island and Desolation Island and the Faeroes. She and Kent began to collect every scrap of information they could find about
15
these places, not allowing themselves to make anything up. And never telling Alex what they were doing.
"He would think we were off our heads," Sally said.
Desolation lsland's main boast was of a vegetable, of great antiquity, a unique cabbage. They imagined worship ceremonies for it, costumes, and cabbage parades in its honor.
20
Sally told her son that, before he was born, she had seen footage on television of the inhabitants of Tristan da Cunha disembarking at Heathrow Airport, having all been evacuated, owing to a great volcanic eruption on their island. How strange they had looked, docile and dignified, like creatures from another century. They must have adjusted to England, more or less, but when the volcano quieted down, a couple of years later, they almost all wanted to go
25
home.
When Kent went back to school, things changed, of course, but he still seemed mature for his age, patient with Savanna, who had grown venturesome and stubborn, and with Peter, who always burst into the house as if on a gale of calamity. And he was especially courteous to his father, bringing him the paper that he had rescued from Savanna and carefully refolded,
30
pulling out his chair at dinnertime.
"Honor to the man who saved my life," he might say, or "Home is the hero." He said this rather dramatically, though, not at all sarcastically, yet it got on Alex's nerves.
Kent got on his nerves, had done so even before the deep-hole drama. "Cut that out," Alex said, and complained privately to Sally.
35
"He's saying you must have loved him, because you rescued him." "Christ, l'd have rescued anybody." "Don't say that in front of him. Please." When Kent got to high school, things with his father improved. He chose to focus on science. He picked the hard sciences, not the soft earth sciences, and even this roused no opposition in Alex2 . The harder the better.
But after six months at college Kent disappeared. People who knew him a little - there did not
40
seem to be anyone who claimed to be a friend - said that he had talked of going to the West Coast. A letter came, just as his parents were deciding to go to the police. He was working at a Canadian Tire3 in a suburb just north of Toronto. Alex went to see him there, to order him back to college. But Kent refused, said that he was very happy with his job, and was making good money, or soon would be, when he got promoted. Then Sally went to see him, without
45
telling Alex, and found him jolly and ten pounds heavier. He said it was the beer. He had friends now.
"lt's a phase," she said to Alex when she confessed the visit. "He wants to get a taste of independence."
"He can get a bellyful of it, as far as l'm concerned."
50
Kent had not said where he was living, and when she made her next visit to Canadian Tire she was told that he had quit. She was embarrassed - she thought she caught a smirk on the face of the employee who told her -and she did not ask where Kent had gone. She assumed he would get in touch, anyway, as soon as he had settled again. He did write, three years later. His letter was mailed in Needles, California, but he told them not to bother trying to trace him
55
there - he was only passing through. Like Blanche4 , he said, and Alex said, "Who the hell is Blanche?" "Just a joke," Sally said. "lt doesn't matter." Kent did not say where he had been or whether he was working or had formed any connections. He did not apologize for leaving his parents without any information for so long, or ask how they were, or how his brother and sister were. lnstead, he wrote pages about his own life. Not the practical side of his life but
60
what he believed he should be doing - what he was doing - with it. [ … ]

Annotations:
1 antic - silly
2 Alex - works in geomorphology, the scientific study of the origin and evolution of topographic features
3 Canadian Tire - Canadian retail company which sells a wide range of automotive, sports, leisure and home products
4 Blanche - a character in the play A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams


Aus: Alice Munro, "Deep Holes"
(New Yorker, Monday, 30th June, 2008).
http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2008/06/30/deep-holes
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Reading Comprehension

$\blacktriangleright\;$Thema:
$\;$
Alice Munro: "Deep Holes" (New Yorker, Monday, 30th June, 2008).
$\blacktriangleright\;$Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Summarize the information the excerpt gives about Kent.
Deine Aufgabe ist es, den vorliegenden Textauszug in Bezug auf Kent zusammenzufassen. Bei einer solchen Summary solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Stell dir also die Frage: Was sind die wichtigsten Informationen über Kent in diesem Textauszug?
Lies dir den Text mehrmals genau durch. Nur wenn du den Text gut verstanden hast, kannst du eine gute Summary schreiben. Unterstreiche wichtige Keywords und versuche den Text in Abschnitte einzuteilen.
2.
Examine the relationships within Kent's family and the way the members interact with each other.
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du die zwischenmenschlichen Beziehungen in Kents Familie untersuchen. Fokussiere dich dabei auf Sally, Alex und Kent. Die Geschwister von Kent spielen in der Geschichte nur eine untergeordnete Rolle.
Strukturiere deinen Text, bevor du mit dem schreiben beginnst. Lege eine Reihenfolge fest in der du die Beziehungen untersuchst. So kannst du die Übergänge zwischen den Textpassagen besser schreiben.
3.
Bei dieser Aufgabe musst du das gegebenen Zitat kommentieren, das bedeutet deine eigene Meinung dazu abgeben und sie hierfür natürlich auch erklären. Dabei gehst du am besten wie folgt vor:
  1. Einleitung
    Die Einleitung soll die Neugier des Lesers auf deinen Comment wecken. Nutze aktuelle Themen oder kreative Beispiele, um den Anfang deines Comments interessant und lesenswert zu gestalten. Auch solltest du deine Aufgabenstellung nennen, damit der Leser weiß, welches Thema du konkret behandeln wirst.
  2. Hauptteil
    Im Hauptteil begründest du nun deine eigene Meinung zu dem vorgegebenen Thema. Nutze dafür logische Argumente und Beispiele und strukturiere sie so, dass man deinem Comment gut folgen kann. Auch schwächere Gegenargumente kannst du aufzeigen, um deine eigene Meinung zu bekräftigen. Ein guter Comment hält sich selbst die Waage mit einer frischen und spritzigen, aber dennoch argumentativen Schreibweise.
  3. Schluss
    Fasse im Schluss nochmal alle deine Argumente kurz und bündig zusammen, damit der Leser den Überblick behält. Wichtig ist, dass du keine neuen Argumente mehr einbringst!
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Reading Comprehension

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
$\;$
Alice Munro: "Deep Holes" (New Yorker, Monday, 30th June, 2008).
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Summarize the information the excerpt gives about Kent.
Tipp
Deine Aufgabe ist es, den vorliegenden Textauszug in Bezug auf Kent zusammenzufassen. Bei einer solchen Summary solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Stell dir also die Frage: Was sind die wichtigsten Informationen über Kent in diesem Textauszug?
Lies dir den Text mehrmals genau durch. Nur wenn du den Text gut verstanden hast, kannst du eine gute Summary schreiben. Unterstreiche wichtige Keywords und versuche den Text in Abschnitte einzuteilen.
Tipp
Deine Aufgabe ist es, den vorliegenden Textauszug in Bezug auf Kent zusammenzufassen. Bei einer solchen Summary solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Stell dir also die Frage: Was sind die wichtigsten Informationen über Kent in diesem Textauszug?
Lies dir den Text mehrmals genau durch. Nur wenn du den Text gut verstanden hast, kannst du eine gute Summary schreiben. Unterstreiche wichtige Keywords und versuche den Text in Abschnitte einzuteilen.
The excerpt at hand is from the short story Deep Holes written by Alice Munro. The extract focuses on Kent, the son of Sally and Alex. Kent is a young boy at the beginning of the story.
Einleitung
On a picnic with his parents and his two siblings "Peter and baby Savanna" (Text, line 1), he broke his legs. This event transforms the young boy. He starts to act "older than his age" (Text, line 8) and his admiration for his father increases.
Unfall
This is displayed through certain behaviors. For example, he brings his Dad the paper, pulls out his chair at the dinner table or burst out phrases as "Home is the hero." (Text, line 31).
Bewunderung Vater
During this phase Kent feels a deep love for his father, "because [he] […] rescued him" (Text, line 35) after his accident. Still, the figure of Kent does not have a good relationship with his father. You can tell this from the sentence "When Kent got to high school, things with his father improved" (Text, line 36 f.).
Rückweisung durch Vater
In addition to his troubled relationship with his Dad, Kent does not find a connection to his fellow class-mates in college. His parents find out about this, the hard way. Kent had dropped out and left college without a forwarding address. As his parents inquire about his whereabouts, "there did not seem to be anyone who claimed to be a friend" (Text, line 39 f.).
Studienabbruch
Keine Freunde
Subsequently, Kent sends his parents a letter, telling them that he is working at a retail store in Canada. There "he was very happy with his job" (Text, line 43) and does not want to go back to college.
Neues Leben in Kanada
Kent's mother visits him there and "found him jolly and ten pounds heavier" (Text, line 45.). The weight gain is allegedly correlated with the beers he drinks with his new found friends.
Glücklich und neue Kontakte
Later in the story, he moves to California. In order to fend off visitors, he writes his parents that "he was only passing through" (Text, line 55). The same letter, the first after three years of silence between Kent and his family, includes nothing particular about his life but a general rundown on "what he believed he should be doing [with his life]" (Text, line 60).
Vermeidet Kontakt
The short story trails Kent's transition from a young boy to adulthood. He is presented as a smart young kid, with an unanswered love for his father. Subsequently, Kent is leaving the path that was laid out for him, he quits college and works in a retail store. He evades contact with his family and is in search of his own path.
Abschluss
#summary
2.
Examine the relationships within Kent's family and the way the members interact with each other.
Tipp
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du die zwischenmenschlichen Beziehungen in Kents Familie untersuchen. Fokussiere dich dabei auf Sally, Alex und Kent. Die Geschwister von Kent spielen in der Geschichte nur eine untergeordnete Rolle.
Strukturiere deinen Text, bevor du mit dem schreiben beginnst. Lege eine Reihenfolge fest in der du die Beziehungen untersuchst. So kannst du die Übergänge zwischen den Textpassagen besser schreiben.
Tipp
In dieser Aufgabe sollst du die zwischenmenschlichen Beziehungen in Kents Familie untersuchen. Fokussiere dich dabei auf Sally, Alex und Kent. Die Geschwister von Kent spielen in der Geschichte nur eine untergeordnete Rolle.
Strukturiere deinen Text, bevor du mit dem schreiben beginnst. Lege eine Reihenfolge fest in der du die Beziehungen untersuchst. So kannst du die Übergänge zwischen den Textpassagen besser schreiben.
Kent's parents Alex and Sally seem to have some distance in their relationship. This is explicit when Sally shares a secret with Kent that "she had not told to another soul" (Text, line 9).
Beziehung der Eltern
The secret involves Sally's fascination for remote islands. During Kent's recovery, after he had broken his legs, she lets Kent take part in this fantasy and they "began to collect every scrap of information they could find about these places" (Text, line 14). All this happened without the knowledge of Alex.
Verschwiegenheit
This theme of keeping ideas or actions secret from their partner is continued in the paragraph when Sally travels to Canada in order to see Kent. She did it behind Alex's back and only later on "confessed the visit" (Text, line 47). We can tell from this scene that Alex was not supportive of Sally seeking contact with Kent and that Sally deliberately deceived her husband.
Beichte nach Lüge
Clinch zwischen Alex and Kent
Here one already had a glimpse at the difficult relationship between father and son. Alex disliked the affection Kent directed at him during his childhood, "it [even] got on his nerves" (Text, line 32). The dramatic way Kent used to express his feelings for his father, actually drove Alex away from him.
Vater-Sohn Beziehung
As Kent dropped out of college Alex drove to Canada to "to order him back to college" (Text, line 42). By going to Canada Alex wanted to enforce his parental authority to make Kent accept his will. Kent refused to do so and another rift emerged between the two men. After Sally's secret visit to Kent, Alex reaffirmed his discontent with his son. He does not seek to reconcile with Kent but expressed his frustration with the sentence "He can get a bellyful of […][experience], as far as I'm concerned." (Text, line 49).
Kents streben nach Unabhängigkeit
Even though Kent broke off nearly all ties with his family, his mother is still caring for him. In his letter from California, he included a literary reference as a joke and only his mother understood him. From the onset of the short story, Sally and Kent have a close relationship. She told him her secret about the islands and was overall very close with him during the six months after the accident.
Mutter-Sohn Beziehung
As Alex is becoming agitated because of Kent's constant admiration, Sally steps in and defends Kent by saying "Don't say that in front of him" (Text, line 36). In this scene, we see how Sally is concerned with her son's well-being as she disallows Alex to make any snide remarks about Kent's display of affection.
Verteidigt Sohn
She also wanted to see Kent again after her first trip to Canada, displaying how she cared for him. But as she tried to look him up at his workplace "she was told that he had quit" (Text, line 51).
Sally sucht Kents Nähe
From these episodes, we can tell that many things are going on in the family of Kent without someone talking about them beforehand. Kent dropped out of college and moves around the country without letting his parents know. Sally has trivial secrets she hides from her husband and Alex is constantly holding back his disapproval of his son.
Geringe Kommunikation in Familie
#examination
3.
Comment on the validity of the statement and discuss the issues which, in your opinion, it raises.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe musst du das gegebenen Zitat kommentieren, das bedeutet deine eigene Meinung dazu abgeben und sie hierfür natürlich auch erklären. Dabei gehst du am besten wie folgt vor:
  1. Einleitung
  2. Die Einleitung soll die Neugier des Lesers auf deinen Comment wecken. Nutze aktuelle Themen oder kreative Beispiele, um den Anfang deines Comments interessant und lesenswert zu gestalten. Auch solltest du deine Aufgabenstellung nennen, damit der Leser weiß, welches Thema du konkret behandeln wirst.

  3. Hauptteil
  4. Im Hauptteil begründest du nun deine eigene Meinung zu dem vorgegebenen Thema. Nutze dafür logische Argumente und Beispiele und strukturiere sie so, dass man deinem Comment gut folgen kann. Auch schwächere Gegenargumente kannst du aufzeigen, um deine eigene Meinung zu bekräftigen. Ein guter Comment hält sich selbst die Waage mit einer frischen und spritzigen, aber dennoch argumentativen Schreibweise.

  5. Schluss
  6. Fasse im Schluss nochmal alle deine Argumente kurz und bündig zusammen, damit der Leser den Überblick behält. Wichtig ist, dass du keine neuen Argumente mehr einbringst!
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabe musst du das gegebenen Zitat kommentieren, das bedeutet deine eigene Meinung dazu abgeben und sie hierfür natürlich auch erklären. Dabei gehst du am besten wie folgt vor:
  1. Einleitung
  2. Die Einleitung soll die Neugier des Lesers auf deinen Comment wecken. Nutze aktuelle Themen oder kreative Beispiele, um den Anfang deines Comments interessant und lesenswert zu gestalten. Auch solltest du deine Aufgabenstellung nennen, damit der Leser weiß, welches Thema du konkret behandeln möchtest.

  3. Hauptteil
  4. Im Hauptteil begründest du nun deine eigene Meinung zu dem vorgegebenen Thema. Nutze dafür logische Argumente und Beispiele und strukturiere sie so, dass man deinem Comment gut folgen kann. Auch schwächere Gegenargumente kannst du aufzeigen, um deine eigene Meinung zu bekräftigen. Ein guter Comment hält sich selbst die Waage mit einer frischen und spritzigen, aber dennoch argumentativen Schreibweise.

  5. Schluss
  6. Fasse im Schluss nochmal alle deine Argumente kurz und bündig zusammen, damit der Leser den Überblick behält. Wichtig ist, dass du keine neuen Argumente mehr einbringst!
In 2015 the US Supreme Court legalized same-sex marriage and through that entirely redefined what a family is. Up until the middle of the 20th century, the traditional family model consisted of a loving and caring housewife, a working husband and happy children. Today you can be happily divorced, marry members of your sex and every decent couple can take in a foster kid to give him or her a home.
Einleitung
Aktuellerer Kontext
This is where Richard Bach's quote comes in handy: "The bond that links your true family is not of blood, but of respect and joy in each other's life."
I really think Richard Bach has a point there. The basis for all human interaction should be respect and interest in the other person. Through this kind of behavior, everybody would benefit. More important though is his effort to change the perception of a family being solely defined by having the same blood.
Hauptteil
Respekt als Grundlage für Interaktion
Couples who have adopted a child can show him or her as much love as couples where one partner has given birth to the child. Especially children who are being welcomed into foster families are often better off with their new family. Just think about it, many families share nothing besides the last name and the blood type.
Pflegefamilien als Beispiel
If you take respect and joy in each other's life as the new prerequisite for strong bonds that deserve the term family, you can extend your family beyond the traditional definition. This is an encouraging thought for my generation which is constantly on the move and deeply in need of real human interactions.
Rastlose Generation auf der Suche nach Nähe
Bach's definition of family allows everybody to choose his own family and through that to be truly unique. If you live his credo you can find comfort in the peer group of your own choosing. Enabling you to bring joy into multiple lives.
Individualität
There is only one point where I disagree with Bach: Families have shared memories of generations which can not be replaced. These roots can provide you with self-esteem and a sense of origin, this is especially important for young people in search of their identity. It is, of course, the best solution if your family by blood shows you respect and takes joy in your life.
Widerspruch
Bach's definition of family shows how important respect is when people meet. It is the prerequisite for human interaction and Bach puts it into the center. Especially if you think about the many kids who found a loving home in a foster family we are reminded of how true the quotation is. The search for a place where one can feel truly comfortable is an important part of our zeitgeist. If you are surrounded by people who take joy in each other's life you can truly unlock your potential and live your individuality. On a personal note, I still view it as the ultimate joy to be able to experience respect and joy in your life by people who are your family by blood and also have known you since your toddler days.
Schluss
#comment#quotation
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