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Aufgabe 2

Aufgaben
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Part 2: Non-Fiction Text

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Fiona Harvey, "Global warming is a misleading term because it actually sounds quite nice", in: The Guardian, 07.03.2014
#newspaper
1.
Point out Harvey's views on climate change and on communicating its consequences to the public.
(Comprehension) (16 Punkte)
#climatechange#pointout
2.
Analyse Harvey's strategies to convince her readers. Consider her line of argument, persuasive techniques as well as the use of language.
(Analysis) (24 Punkte)
#analysis
3.1
Choose one of the following tasks:
$\,$
3.1
Discuss Harvey's views on the "language of climate science" (l. 5). Refer to your knowledge and work done in class on global ecological issues.
(Evaluation: comment) (20 Punkte)
#climatechange#discussion
$\,$
3.2
Write a letter to the editor from the point of view of a consumer who comments on Harvey's article as a contribution to the climate debate.
(Evaluation: re-creation of text) (20 Punkte)
#lettertotheeditor#comment#discussion

Fiona Harvey
Global Warming is a misleading term because it actually sounds quite nice

There has been a big failure in communicating climate change to the public, but we have to deal with it - before it deals with us

$\,$
What does the phrase anthropogenic forcing mean to you? Or a carbon bubble - would you be more likely to find one in your bath or in your pension fund? Is the greenhouse effect a better way to grow tomatoes? And what is the difference between global warming and climate change?
5
Understanding the language of climate science can feel like sitting an exam in an unfamiliar subject. For most scientific debates, the collision between the abstruse nature of expert discourse and our ordinary lives - a collision in which words are always the first casualty - does not matter too much. We can understand that smoking kills, even if we have not read the latest papers on how quickly a lung tumour metastasises compared with other cancers.
10
We know that obesity is bad for us, even if experts are still exploring the addictive properties of sugar.
Not so with climate change. The question of whether we think of fossil fuels in terms of "global warming" or "climate calamity" (as some experts are calling it) goes to the heart of our response. Never has this been more in evidence, as the UN warns of using "weirdo
15
words" on the subject, and politicians from the Liberal Democrat Ed Davey to the Tory Caroline Spelman have said we should listen to the science, and that global warming is a misnomer. There has been a massive failure in how to communicate climate issues to the public.
Part of the problem is that global warming sounds quite nice. A couple of degrees hotter in
20
summer - we could be sitting out on our verandahs of an evening sipping Sauvignon Blanc from our own vineyards. Who wouldn't want that?
Global warming is both an entirely accurate term and utterly misleading. Current projections are for a rise of at least 2C by the end of the century, even if we take drastic action to tackle greenhouse gas emissions, and a rise of as much as 5C or 6C if we carry on as usual. That
25
may not sound a lot, but the difference in temperature between today and the last ice age was only about 5C; and the last time the UK was 5C warmer it was a swamp occupied by proto-hippos.
More importantly, the real effects of warming are not a gentle uniform increase in temperatures, but a move to far more extremes of weather. Meddling with the complex
30
systems that govern our weaather will bring disruption to the stability of climate has aided the rise of modern civilisations. Warmer air holds more moisture than colder air. This means that areas of the world that are currently wet will become much wetter, but those that are already prone to drought will get drier. In the UK, this will mean more storms and floods of the kind that have devastated the country in the past two months. we are just beginning to under-
35
stand that the melting of the Arctic ice cap may bring colder and wetter temperatures to Europe, even as they bring warmer weather to Greenland. Across the globe it will mean disruption to agriculture, a spread of disease and swaths of land becoming uninhabitable. Key to this is the word "global" in global warming. The effects of the temperature rises will be felt across the world. Regions on continents as far apart as Australia and sub-Saharan Africa
40
that currently just about support agriculture will get warmer still, making living there next to impossible. People who live there won't just stay where they are to starve; they will move, making global migration one of the most serious consequences of our climate meddling.
So here are a few exam questions. to make it easy, they're multiple choice:
1)
Who do you think has got climate science right?
45
$\,$
a) The vast majority of the world's experts who have produced ever more clear warnings on climate change for the past 20 years, based on physical evidence
b) The oil industry
c) The Tea Party
2)
Who do you trust to tackle climate change?
50
$\,$
a) Governments determined to squeeze the last few drops of economic advantage from their remaining fossil fuel reserves
b) The oil industry
c) Corporate advisers to the tobacco companies, drafted in to put a positive spin on this because they've been through it all before
55

By now you will have realised that this exam is a sham. The truth is we don't have multiple choices on climate change. We have one choice: we deal with it, or it deals with us. It is the one question we must answer correctly.



Annotations:
1 anthropogenic forcing - input into the earth's climate caused by humans
1 carbon bubble - the idea that fossil fuel companies are overvalued in the stock market
9 metastasise - spread to other parts of the body
20 Sauvignon Blanc - type of white wine
27 proto-hippos - ancestors of the hippos which lived 15 million years ago
48 Tea Party - a political movement within the Republican Party


Aus: Fiona Harvey, "Global warming is a misleading term because it actually sounds quite nice",
in: The Guardian, 07.03.2014
#newspaper#article#climatechange
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Part 2:

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Fiona Harvey, "Global warming is a misleading term because it actually sounds quite nice", in: The Guardian, 07.03.2014
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Point out Harvey's views on climate change and on communicating its consequences to the public.

Deine Aufgabe ist es, den Text von Fiona Harvey zu erfassen. Die Fragestellung deutet bereits an, dass Harvey einen vielschichtigen Standpunkt zum Klimawandel vertritt. Daher ist es wichtig, dass du genau und detailliert vorgehst. Lies dir den Text mehrere Male durch und markiere dir die Stellen, an denen der Standpunkt deutlich wird. Strukturiere deine Comprehension bevor du mit dem Schreiben beginnst, dann vergisst du auch keinen der Punkte.
Achte bei deiner Comprehension darauf, wichtige Textstellne als direkte oder indirekte Zitate einzubauen. Dieses Vorgehen gibt deinen Überlegungen mehr Gewicht.
2.
Analyse Harvey's strategies to convince her readers. Consider her line of argument, persuasive techniques as well as the use of language.

Nachdem du in Aufgabe 1 den Artikel von Harvey erfasst hast, musst du dich nun in Artikel 2 damit beschäftigen, wie es der Autorin gelingt, ihren Punkt an den Leser zu vermitteln. Orientiere dich dabei an folgende Themen:
  • Sprachgebrauch
  • Textaufbau
  • Gedakengang
  • Überzeugungsarbeit
  • sprachliche Mittel

  • Anhand dieser Punkte kannst du dir im Vorfeld eine Struktur aufbauen, die als Fundament für deine Analyse dient.
    3.
    Choose one of the following tasks:
    3.1
    Discuss Harvey's views on the "language of climate science" (l. 5). Refer to your knowledge and work done in class on global ecological issues.

    Während sich Aufgabe 1 und 2 lediglich auf den Artikel aus dem Guardian bezogen haben, musst du nun auch dein eigenes Wissen, das du dir im Unterricht zu diesem Thema angeeignet hast, anwenden.
    Setze dich kritisch mit ihrem Artikel auseinander. In welchen Punkten stimmst du Harvey zu? In welcher Angelegenheit hat sie möglicherweise Unrecht?
    Ein Fazit, welches deinen Comment nochmals zusammenfasst, sollte den Abschluss darstellen.
    3.2
    Write a letter to the editor from the point of view of a consumer who comments on Harvey's article as a contribution to the climate debate.

    Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, eine situationsgerechten Leserbrief zu verfassen. Du sollst also Stellung zum Artikel von Harvey beziehen. Dabei ist es egal, ob du nun mit ihrer Position übereinstimmst oder aber einen anderen Standpunkt vertrittst. Es geht viel mehr darum, dass du deinen eigenen Standpunkt vertrittst und diesen auch glaubhaft darstellst.
    Gehe also auf die Argumentationen und Forderungen Harveys ein und fälle ein eigenes Urteil.
    Auch bei dieser Aufgabe ist es von Vorteil, wenn du strukturiert vorgehst:
  • Anrede
  • Einleitung
  • Hauptteil
  • Abschluss
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    Download als Dokument:PDF

    Part 2:

    $\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
    Fiona Harvey, "Global warming is a misleading term because it actually sounds quite nice", in: The Guardian, 07.03.2014
    #newspaper
    $\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
    1.
    Point out Harvey's views on climate change and on communicating its consequences to the public.
    Tipp
    Deine Aufgabe ist es, den Text von Fiona Harvey zu erfassen. Die Fragestellung deutet bereits an, dass Harvey einen vielschichtigen Standpunkt zum Klimawandel vertritt. Daher ist es wichtig, dass du genau und detailliert vorgehst. Lies dir den Text mehrere Male durch und markiere dir die Stellen, an denen der Standpunkt deutlich wird. Strukturiere deine Comprehension bevor du mit dem Schreiben beginnst, dann vergisst du auch keinen der Punkte.
    Achte bei deiner Comprehension darauf, wichtige Textstellne als direkte oder indirekte Zitate einzubauen. Dieses Vorgehen gibt deinen Überlegungen mehr Gewicht.
    Tipp
    Deine Aufgabe ist es, den Text von Fiona Harvey zu erfassen. Die Fragestellung deutet bereits an, dass Harvey einen vielschichtigen Standpunkt zum Klimawandel vertritt. Daher ist es wichtig, dass du genau und detailliert vorgehst. Lies dir den Text mehrere Male durch und markiere dir die Stellen, an denen der Standpunkt deutlich wird. Strukturiere deine Comprehension bevor du mit dem Schreiben beginnst, dann vergisst du auch keinen der Punkte.
    Achte bei deiner Comprehension darauf, wichtige Textstellne als direkte oder indirekte Zitate einzubauen. Dieses Vorgehen gibt deinen Überlegungen mehr Gewicht.
    Global warming is an established term. It gets thrown around a lot in newspapers and during the TV news. As a consequence everybody knows what global warming is. But is this really true? Do we really understand the magnitude of the consequences of global warming? The article "Global warming is a misleading term beause it actually sounds quite nice" by Fiona Harvey was published in The Guardian on March 7th 2014 and deals with this misunderstanding of global warming.
    Einleitung
    According to Harvey, the major problem when it comes to climate change is the fact that the people are not informed properly. This has a variety of reasons. First, the terminology in the debate surrounding global warming represents a major problem. Harvey points to this problem when she writes: "Understanding the language of clima sciences can feel like sitting an exam in an unfamiliar subject." (Text, line 5f.) The consequence of this leads to another problem, namely the fact that it is difficult for people who cannot grasp the magnitude of the climate discussion then won't be able to derivate the needed consequences or as Harvey puts it: "There has been a massive failure in how to communicate climate issues to the public." (Text, line 18).
    Another important aspect for this dilemma is the controversial character of the topic. The term global warming does not strike fear into the hearts of most people. What could possible be wrong about hotter summers and a warmer climate? (Text, line 21f.)
    Hauptteil
    Menschen sind nicht angemessen informiert
    If people are not affraid of the potential threats which a global warming causes, a rethinking can hardly take place. A lot of this has to do with the allegedly positive connotation of the term. Harvey is of the opinion that "global warming sounds quite nice." (Text, line 23) With this comes the fact that global warming is an accurate term but at the same time utterly misleading. The rise in temperature of as much as 5C does not sound so bad, yet would have catastrophic consequences for the world. (Text, line 26)
    problematischer Begriff
    While the increase of the temperature by 5 degrees would be bad, the real threat stems from the potential consquences following the warmer climate. Wet areas will become much more humid. Dry areas in Australia and the sub-Sahara will become much drier, causing humans from this area to migrate to areas where surviving is possible. Then the global warming will really become global since it would affect the entire population of the world. According to Harvey this threat is one of the "most serious consequences of our climate meddling." (Text, line 43)
    existenzielle Gefahr rund um den Globus
    For Harvey the discussion about global warming has to become clearer and more transparent. Difficult terminology by scientist and experts won't get it done. As long as the topic of global warming remains to be discussed in an ivory tower for experts it is senseless. The danger of global warming has to be spread on a much more basic level and at the same time people have to be aware of the drastic consquences that hide behind this rather nice term. Without doing this we might wake up one day, realizing it is too late for a change.
    Schluss
    #climatechange#pointout
    2.
    Analyse Harvey's strategies to convince her readeres. Consider her line of argument, persuasive techniques as well as the use of language.
    Tipp
    Nachdem du in Aufgabe 1 den Artikel von Harvey erfasst hast, musst du dich nun in Artikel 2 damit beschäftigen, wie es der Autorin gelingt, ihren Punkt an den Leser zu vermitteln. Orietniere dich dabei an folgende Themen:
  • Sprachgebrauch
  • Textaufbau
  • Gedakengang
  • Überzeugungsarbeit
  • sprachliche Mittel

  • Anhand dieser Punkte kannst du dir im Vorfeld eine Struktur aufbauen, die als Fundament für deine Analyse dient.
    Tipp
    Nachdem du in Aufgabe 1 den Artikel von Harvey erfasst hast, musst du dich nun in Artikel 2 damit beschäftigen, wie es der Autorin gelingt, ihren Punkt an den Leser zu vermitteln. Orietniere dich dabei an folgende Themen:
  • Sprachgebrauch
  • Textaufbau
  • Gedakengang
  • Überzeugungsarbeit
  • sprachliche Mittel

  • Anhand dieser Punkte kannst du dir im Vorfeld eine Struktur aufbauen, die als Fundament für deine Analyse dient.
    From the very beginning of her article it is obvious for the reader that Fiona Harvey is a journalist who takes global warming seriously. Her message, however, is not done there she also wants everyone else to take it seriously. In the following analysis, I want to point out how she gets her point across and addresses the reader.
    Einleitung
    While scientists and experts get caught in complex terminology, Harvey wants to get away from this strategy. This is apparent in her article because it is clearly structured. She addresses the reader direclty by saying that climate science "can feel like sitting an exam in an unfamiliar subject" (Text, line 5f.) By using comparisons like that, Harvey is creating a bond with the reader. Her article makes sense to the reader because she is using persuasive stats and does not throw around term and concepts that are complex. In the section from line 32 to 37 she is explaining what will happen if we don't stop acting so careless.
    Hauptteil
    Bindung zum Leser wird hergestellt
    By putting her main thesis into the headline and subheading of the article, Harvey does not disguise where she is going with her piece, but alarming the reader right from the beginning that the communication issue are at at fault when it comes to global warming. Right after this initial information, she is illustrating this exact problem by introduing the reader to terms like "anthropogenic forcing" and "carbon bubble" (Text, line 1) She then makes the elegant comparison to other problematic fields which we seem to be aware of like "smoking kills" (Text, line 8). This then echoes once again with her opening thesis that we are not aware of the potential danger which we are dealing with. The other fact for this problem is that global warming does not sound bad. On a semantic level people don't connect a rise in temperature with catastrophic consequences - they much rather would welcome longer summers. The ironic multiple choice exam at the end of the article (Text, line 45-51) only underlines this sentiment. People are still convinced that we have several choices in this climate debate when the truth is much more bleak - there is only one choice. This leads Harvey to her final point - addressing the reader directly when she uses the pronoun "we" (Text, line 57) to get the message to the reader one final time.
    Textaufbau
    While Harvey's article has a clear structure and is going in a defined direction, it is important to note that this is done deliberately. She is beginning the article with terms that are not easy to understand because it fits her thesis. She mentions examples that reinforce her theory that the discussion about climate change is to difficult to follow. One has to understand that there are also experts that have made their points clearer and more understandable. Harvey is not the first person to break down the potential dangers of the climate change. The efforts of persuasion are further enforced when she is using including pronouns like "we" and "us" (Text, line 57) in her article. By doing so, she is connecting with her readership and is not lecturing from above. She is also constructing an exam situation and then directly afterwards revealing that it is just a "sham" (Text, line 55) With that she is drawing the readers to her side.
    Überzeugung
    The use of language is another interesting point when trying to analyze how Harvey convinces her readership. She is doing this by using a judgmental language. This can be seen when she is using phrases like "the abstruse nature of expert discourse" (Text, line 8f.) Ironic comments on like whether it is more likely to find carbon bubbles in the own bathroom or in a pension fond (Text, line 1f.) are one of the main strategies to ridicule the complex terminology of global warming. She is also trying to convince the readership by painting pictures when she is writing about the "proto-hippos" (Text, line 18) which used to live in Great Britain and could be on the comeback if we continue to behave carelessly.
    sprachliche Mittel
    Fiona Harvey is a journalist. She is trying to convince the readership of her point of view. She is doing so by using connecting with the reader, the way she arranges her article, the persuasive aspect of facts and the language use. It is therefore not a surprise that the reader might finish the article with more awarness for global warming.
    Schluss
    #analysis#climatechange
    $\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
    3.1
    Discuss Harvey's views on the "language of climate science" (l. 5). refer to your knowledge and work done in class on global ecological issues.
    Tipp
    Während sich Aufgabe 1 und 2 lediglich auf den Artikel aus dem Guardian bezogen haben, musst du nun auch dein eigenes Wissen, das du dir im Unterricht zu diesem Thema angeeignet hast, anwenden.
    Setze dich kritisch mit ihrem Artikel auseinander. In welchen Punkten stimmst du Harvey zu? In welcher Angelegenheit hat sie möglicherweise Unrecht?
    Ein Fazit, welches deinen Comment nochmals zusammenfasst, sollte den Abschluss darstellen.
    Tipp
    Während sich Aufgabe 1 und 2 lediglich auf den Artikel aus dem Guardian bezogen haben, musst du nun auch dein eigenes Wissen, das du dir im Unterricht zu diesem Thema angeeignet hast, anwenden.
    Setze dich kritisch mit ihrem Artikel auseinander. In welchen Punkten stimmst du Harvey zu? In welcher Angelegenheit hat sie möglicherweise Unrecht?
    Ein Fazit, welches deinen Comment nochmals zusammenfasst, sollte den Abschluss darstellen.
    The journalist Fiona Harvey cares about the environment of our planet. She is worried about global warming. With this position she does not want to be in a minority; she wants everyone to care about this topic. Her line of thinking is thinking is good, because the climate change is not a hoax but a serious topic and more people should be concerned about it. However, Harvey's view on the language of climate science is at least debatable.
    Einleitung
    Harvey argues that global warming is a nice term and people are not aware of the danger that comes with it. Personally, I have to ask the question: is this really true? I mean we are learning about the threat of global warming and change in school. It is not like people don't understand the magnitude of this topic. It might be true that some people are not aware of it, yet this does not mean the entire population of this planet underestimates the consequences that come with global warming. Arctic and Antarctic Poles are melting due to the high tempratures, the sea levels are rising as a consequence, the hole in the ozone layer is getting bigger. Those are facts that people are aware of and is not discussed only by experts behind closed doors. In addition, I think that people recognize global warming as a threat because tsunamis and earthquakes have already caused havoc all around the world. The topic is on our collective memory. That is why I cannot entirely agree with Harvey on her argument that global warming is only a nice term.
    Harvey also claims that the whole topic is porcupined with expert terms. I would point to the fact that the topic of climate change is a highly complex entity, which needs the best people of this world to do research and discuss about it on a scientific level to make progress.
    Hauptteil
    Global Warming ein netter Begriff?
    Kritik
    That does not mean that global warming is easy to understand. It needs journalists like Harvey to write about those threats. It needs to be present on a permanent basis. Without this constant reminder that this is a tightrope walk where every step in the wrong direction can have catastrophic consequences, the memory of the threat will fade and people won't continue to think of new ways. That is why the Kyoto Protocol is such an important treaty, because it reminds every nation to work on this topic and to try to get constantly better. That is why I think that Harvey has a point here; the issue has to be more transparent and clear so everybody undestands the seriousness of it. Yet it's not only the international treaties between nations that put environmentalism on the map, but also organisation like WWF and Greenpeace, which fight against global warming and pollution.
    It is important that these organisations keep running projects and initiatives which make people aware of the problems at hand. Planting a tree, for example, can be belittled or ridiculed by some people, but signals like that can go a long way. Not only actions are at the centre of these people who want to create a world without global warming but also the written word. People like Al Gore, Monika Griefahn and David McTaggart are only a few that write and speak tirelessly about the threats of global warming.
    Zustimmung
    Global warming is a topic that concerns all of us. On the one hand I undestand why Harvey is concerned about the language of climate science, because there are shortcomings with the way the issue is presented to us. On the other hand I would make the argument that people need to tackle the issue on a professional level in order to get solutions. Luckily there are organisations like Greenpeace and the WWF, which try to explain the threats to everyone. The same is true for people like Al Gore. In order to stop the climate change we need to start listening.
    Schluss
    #discussion#climatechange
    $\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
    3.2
    Write a letter to the editor from the point of view of a consumer who comments on Harvey's article as a contribution to the climate debate.
    Tipp
    Bei dieser Aufgabe geht es darum, eine situationsgerechten Leserbrief zu verfassen. Du sollst also Stellung zum Artikel von Harvey beziehen. Dabei ist es egal, ob du nun mit ihrer Position übereinstimmst oder aber einen anderen Standpunkt vertrittst. Es geht viel mehr darum, dass du deinen eigenen Standpunkt vertrittst und diesen auch glaubhaft darstellst.
    Gehe also auf die Argumentationen und Forderungen Harveys ein und fälle ein eigenes Urteil.
    Auch bei dieser Aufgabe ist es von Vorteil, wenn du strukturiert vorgehst:
  • Anrede
  • Einleitung
  • Hauptteil
  • Abschluss
  • Tipp
    Text
    Dear Sir or Madam,

    I have just read the article on Global warming by Fiona Harvey in The Guardian and I feel like the author hit the nail on the head. The term global warming gets thrown around a lot. It almost feels like we are confronted with this topic every day. I have to admit, I was not to thrilled when I opened the newspaper this morning and found yet another article on global warming. The reasoning behind this line of thinking is that I feel like we talk about global warming and at the same time we do not, because we are only confronted with complicated terms and graphics that are only hard to understand.
    Einleitung
    Just like Harvey, I feel like the terminology is at fault for the many unsolved problems concerning our environment. As long as the language of the debate does not change and the population only gets cryptic information, things won’t change. This is the point where Harvey’s article succeeds; she does not lose herself in discussion on plate tectonics or other scientific topics but calls a spade a spade by saying: if we don’t change, we won’t stand a chance against Mother Nature. By saying it in this bleak fashion, the author is getting the attention which is necessary if we want to make a change. Our grandchildren would really appreciate it if they did not have to witness a global environmental disaster caused by their grandparents.
    Hauptteil
    Stellung zum Artikel
    Kritik
    The author also does the right thing by addressing the reader personally. The willingness to change needs to come from everyone and not just a few suits that meet for the Kyoto Protocol once every few years. Everyone has to take a look in the mirror and ask what he or she can do better to prevent an ecological disaster. This is not a matter of tomorrow or next year. Now is the time to really make a change and stop looking for excuses. We have the information at hand that we cannot continue like this. Everybody needs to know this, which is why a clear voice in this discussion is more important than ever.
    Zustimmung
    Personally, I think it comes down to one thing: do we understand it now and change our behaviour or do we only understand when it’s too late and this planet will be irreparably destroyed? In order for us to understand the magnitude of global warming we need voices like Fiona Harvey who go ahead and clarify these matters. It is our responsibility to follow her lead and make a change – future generations would highly appreciate that.

    A concerned reader
    Abschluss
    #lettertotheeditor#comment
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