$\blacktriangleright$ 3.1 Comment on chances and dangers of students' action
In the movie "The Butler", black students try to fight the segregation by simply disobeying everyday-laws such as having to sit in separate section of a food court or being assigned to certain seats in a bus. Other African-American citizens have also taken part in such actions such as Rosa Parks who sat in the white section of a bus and who was put in jail for this transgression of the laws. Those actions can bring a lot of chances but also many dangers with them.
Although the ultimate goal of these actions is or was to end the segregation once and for all, other opportunities were given as well. First of all, the attention of the public sphere is drawn on the specific action or even on the whole issue. People across the coountry might hear from the action and might either support the movement or they might come up with their own actions. Hence, the purview would increase.
Such actions are also thought-provoking. Other black people might take their situation for granted and do not have the feeling that they could rebel against it. Through that action, they might wake up and might actually want to change their situation for the better. Also, people see the outcome and might be inspired by it. In addition, what happened in Nashville is a call for action - African-Americans might join the movement or ight boycot diners the same way that the group of students did. In my opinion, the movements could get bigger and could have more effect and could thus work towards a mutual goal.
I also think that resisting the system will lead to somekind of solidarity. Others might strike as well when they hear about the happenings. When Rosa Parks was jailed for sitting on a white seat in the bus, many other African-Americans protested by not riding the bus to work but walking to get there. One year late, the segregational laws for busses were abolished. So, the examples mentioned above show that people shouldn't be afraid to take action - they will serve as role-models and precursos and will inspire many more people to do the same and to defend their rights.
Even though I believe that everyone should speak up and fight for their rights, one should always consider the consequences. There might be a violent backlash for instance: the whites might react violently due to the breaking of the rules which might result in killing or wounding others - even if they're innocent bystanders. This is something that people should take into account before they take action. Also, not just other people but also the state might intervene. Police officers might observe what's happening and might arrest the violators who will only be able to get out of jail if someone bails them out. When those protesters get arrested, they will also get publicly known. Thus, their family and friends are made attackable and are put in danger since opponents might threaten them. Also, the whole future of a protester can be jeopardized - once you are listed or recorded as a protester, it is very hard to get a job. It was already hard for African-Americans to get a well-paid job back then, so why would students risk their chance of getting a better job when so many others before him have fought for the African-Americans' rights to attend university? Being part of an activists' movement might result in being excluded from university as well. An even more dangerous result of that is the return to the vicious cycle - children who come from poor families almost always cannot attend proper schools and thus don't get properly educated which is why they in turn can't get a well-paid job.
In my opinion, such actions can also result in a worsening of the situation. They sometimes just stir unnecessary trouble and other black people might think that this will cause backlashes on them as well and they don't want to be confronted with unnecessary trouble - which I can totally understand. No one wants to face consequences for something that they didn't do. In addition, whites might feel threatened by what other blacks did which might result in further restrictions of black people's rights. It also influences the image of African-Americans in general - it might get damaged due to white people claiming that black people deserve the restrictions which also results in a continuation of a vicious circle.
However, those events and their consequences are still relevant for contemporary US society. Just think about the protests against the travel ban introduced by Trump. Many judges objected against it since the travel ban is against the law. Judges from all over the country literally threw themselves into protesting against the ban and got through with it! And they were most likely inspired by the people who protested against the ban in airports like JFK in New York City. Another example are the protests against high tuition fees. If students all over the US wouldn't protest against the fees at certain times, former presidential candidate Bernie Sanders would not have known about that issue und would not have been able to support that movement. Occupy Wall Street is another example - 3,000 people protested against greed and corruption in the financial system and government with the intention of occupying Wall Street.
As you can see, there are more dangers to the students' actions than chances. Nevertheless, chances have a much more positive effect and are mainly responsible for ending segregation for instance. When a lot of people work together, they do have the power to change something bigger forever!