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Aufgabe 4

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Download als Dokument:PDF

Ireland - A Country between Tradition and Modernity

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Heather Humphrey, Heather Humphreys: 1916 Commemorations Belong to All. In: Irish Times
#article#newspaper
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Delineate the facets of Heather Humphreys' concept of commemorating the Rising's centenary 2016.
2.
Examine the author's understanding of her role and function within this project and how it is reflected in the article.
#examination
3.
Irish schools are invited to come up with their own programme of a "commemorative school year 2016" that offers different kinds of commemorative events throughout the year. The best project is awarded financial support by the Department of Education and Skills.
As a student representative of the school's committee you are asked to write a formal letter to the ministry presenting your 2016 programme and explain the different kinds of commemorative events.
Write the letter including your background knowledge.
#writing#letter

Heather Humphreys1, "Heather Humphreys: 1916 Commemorations Belong to All"

 
"Given my background as a Protestant and an Ulsterwoman, who is a proud Irish republican, I appreciate the need to respect the differing traditions on this island."
1
In a letter to her mother dated May 2nd, 1916, Katie McGrane, an 18-year-old office worker in the GP02, who was originally from Magheracloone, Co Monaghan, described the streets of Dublin city centre in the aftermath of the Rising. "Some said Moore Street and St Stephen's Green were full of dead people lying around. It was hard to get bread. One
5
day, we were out and we saw one man lying shot dead on the street and a bag thrown over him. I believe the streets around the Pillar were full of people shot and in some places they were nearly a week lying without being buried."
Personal accounts such as McGrane's bring history to life and life to history.
10
In commemorating the Rising's centenary, the Government will not shy away from the harsh realities of conflict or seek to glorify bloodshed. Rather we will, together as a nation, respectfully and inclusively remember that pivotal event in our history, which set in motion a chain of events that led to our independence.
A century on, the Rising still prompts passionate debate and discussion. Much of the
15
debate, in this newspaper and elsewhere, has focused on how and whom we should commemorate.
Since my appointment as Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht3 last summer I have consistently stated that I want the commemorations to be inclusive. I speak of inclusivity in its most basic form: quite simply, 1916 belongs to all of us.
20
Ireland has changed dramatically since 1966, when we celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Rising. We have evolved into a mature democracy, no longer tied to a single narrative of our history. We are more than capable of accommodating - indeed welcoming - a diversity of views on the historical events of the 1916 period.
Look ambitiously to our future

25
That is why Ireland 2016 will be a radically new and different kind of commemoration. It is an open invitation to everyone, of all ages, here and overseas, to join in as we commemorate the Rising, to retlect on our achievements over the last 100 years and to look ambitiously to our future.
Ireland 2016 will include a rich education programme, to be rolled out to every school
30
across the country. One theme will challenge our young people to take a fresh look at the Proclamation and its ideals. We will also encourage school students to reconnect with our national flag, and fully understand its origins and meaning. Our national cultural institutions will help us share the stories of the Rising.
A major exhibition of 1916 material will open in the National Museum, while the National
35
Library is developing a major online resource, which will include thousands of letters and artefacts from the seven signatories and others.
Much, much more is planned - in our universities; through our local authorities; through an investment programme in seven major projects connected to the Rising, including the GPO and Kilmainham Gaol4 ; with Irish language groups; through the arts and our national
40
theatre; and through our Embassies overseas.
In 1966 there was an understandable focus on the seven signatories of the Proclamation. In 2016, the role of the signatories will still be central to our historical reflection but 50 years on we must widen our perspectives to include the others involved in 1916, and in particular the women. Never again will we airbrush out the significant contribution of the
45
women who helped us achieve our freedom.
Women trailblazers
These women were trailblazers at a time when they didn't even have the vote.
Women such as Margaret Skinnider, who was shot and injured while in command of five men during Easter Week but who was later refused a pension because of her sex.
50
Women such as Nurse Elizabeth O'Farrell, who was the last woman standing in the GPO and who risked her life to carry a white flag of surrender to the British forces.
The men and women of 1916 had a democratic and an equal vision for Ireland, and we must be equal and democratic in honouring all those who made that vision a reality.
At some point in our lives we all take
55
stock; 2016 is a chance for the Irish nation to take stock. It is a once-in-a-generation opportunity to reflect on the kind of Ireland that we have and the kind of Ireland we want to bring about; and it is an opportunity to retlect on the kind of society we aspire to achieve.
Given my background as a Protestant and an Ulsterwoman, who is a proud Irish
60
republican, I appreciate the need to respect the differing traditions on this island.
Over the past 100 years we have, I believe, grown as a nation that values and embraces our differences as a positive symbol of diversity rather than a negative source of division. In 2016 we should not be afraid to celebrate how far we have come and to challenge ourselves to consider what we want for this republic in the future.
(870 words)
Heather Humphrey: Heather Humphreys "1916 Commemorations Belong to All".
In: Irish Times, 31 March 2015.
1     Heather Humphreys: Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
2    GPO: General Post Office, the GpO Dublin served as headquarters of the men and          women who took part in the Ester Rising of April 1916
3    Gaeltacht: the parts of Ireland where Gaelic is spoken by a large part of the population
4    Kilmainham Gaol: former prison in Dublin where many leaders of the 1916 Easter          Rising were imprisoned and executed by the British
#easterrising
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Download als Dokument:PDF

Ireland - A Country between Tradition and Modernity

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Heather Humphrey, Heather Humphreys: 1916 Commemorations Belong to All. In: Irish Times
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Delineate the facets of Heather Humphreys' concept of commemorating the Rising's centenary 2016.
Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du die zentralen Aspekte des Textes zusammenfassen und vorstellen. Bei einer Zusammenfassung solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Ebenso ist es wichtig, dass du deine eigenen Formulierungen verwendest und nicht zitierst.
2.
Examine the author's understanding of her role and function within this project and how it is reflected in the article.
Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du untersuchen, was Humphreys für die 2016 commemorations für wichtig und bedeutend erachtet und wie sie zu einem positiven Gelingen beitragen will. Um das herausarbeiten zu können, musst du den Text analysieren.
Stelle dir dabei folgende Fragen:
Welche Funktion hat Humphreys? Was will Humphreys erreichen? Wie will sie ihre Ziele erreichen? Wie will sie die irische Nation erreichen und motivieren?
In dieser Aufgabe kannst und sollst du direkten Bezug nehmen. Baue in deine Analyse also Zitate ein, um deine Argumente zu untermauern. Du solltest deine Analyse in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
3.
You are a member of Greenpeace Youth Canada and have discussed the situation in Mount Polley in your local group. After the elections in October 2015 your group hopes that Catherine McKenna, the new Minister of the Environment, is going to tackle environmental issues more in accrodance with your interests.
You have been asked to write a petition using the mine spill as a starting point.

Referring to both the given text and your background knowledge, write the petition.

Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du dich in die Rolle eines Mitglieds der Greenpeace Youth Canada hineinversetzen und eine Petition erstellen.
Achte darauf, dass du deine Petition wie ein formelles Schreiben aufsetzt. Formuliere überzeugend und bleibe dabei sachlich. Beziehe dich bei deinem formellen Brief auf den Artikel und führe als Beispiele weitere Umweltprobleme Kanadas auf, die du aus dem Unterricht bereits kennst.
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Lösungen
Download als Dokument:PDF

Ireland - A Country between Tradition and Modernity

$\blacktriangleright\;$ Thema:
Heather Humphrey, Heather Humphreys: 1916 Commemorations Belong to All. In: Irish Times
$\blacktriangleright\;$ Aufgabenstellung:
1.
Delineate the facets of Heather Humphreys' concept of commemorating the Rising's centenary 2016.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du die zentralen Aspekte des Textes zusammenfassen und vorstellen. Bei einer Zusammenfassung solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Ebenso ist es wichtig, dass du deine eigenen Formulierungen verwendest und nicht zitierst.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du die zentralen Aspekte des Textes zusammenfassen und vorstellen. Bei einer Zusammenfassung solltest du dich kurz fassen - verliere dich also nicht in Details. Ebenso ist es wichtig, dass du deine eigenen Formulierungen verwendest und nicht zitierst.
Heather Humphreys's "Heather Humphreys: 1916 Commemorations Belong to All" deals with the diversity of historical perspectives and invites the Irish as well as the international community to share their views of the Rising and its impact on Irish history and Independence.
Einleitung
In order to celebrate Ireland's development from 1916 to 2016 into a mature democracy Humphreys plans to install education programms for schoolchildren to help them associate and relate to Irish history and values.
In addition, public museums and libraries will be providing access to original sources from the events of 1916, including the development of a major online resource. Also, Humphreys plans on establishing several projects dealing with the topic at a scientific, political or artistic level on a national and international scale.
In contrast to the commemoration of 1966 there will be a sharp focus on the role of women in the Rising because it has not been taken into account often enough.
Hauptteil
In conclusion, Humphreys's goal is to establish an increased sense of Irish community and pride in the historical and political achievements of the last 100 years and to intensify a culture of tolerance among the different traditions.
Schluss
2.
Examine the author's understanding of her role and function within this project and how it is reflected in the article.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du untersuchen, was Humphreys für die 2016 commemorations für wichtig und bedeutend erachtet und wie sie zu einem positiven Gelingen beitragen will. Um das herausarbeiten zu können, musst du den Text analysieren.
Stelle dir dabei folgende Fragen:
Welche Funktion hat Humphreys? Was will Humphreys erreichen? Wie will sie ihre Ziele erreichen? Wie will sie die irische Nation erreichen und motivieren?
In dieser Aufgabe kannst und sollst du direkten Bezug nehmen. Baue in deine Analyse also Zitate ein, um deine Argumente zu untermauern. Du solltest deine Analyse in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du untersuchen, was Humphreys für die 2016 commemorations für wichtig und bedeutend erachtet und wie sie zu einem positiven Gelingen beitragen will. Um das herausarbeiten zu können, musst du den Text analysieren.
Stelle dir dabei folgende Fragen:
Welche Funktion hat Humphreys? Was will Humphreys erreichen? Wie will sie ihre Ziele erreichen? Wie will sie die irische Nation erreichen und motivieren?
In dieser Aufgabe kannst und sollst du direkten Bezug nehmen. Baue in deine Analyse also Zitate ein, um deine Argumente zu untermauern. Du solltest deine Analyse in Einleitung, Hauptteil und Schluss untergliedern.
Heather Humphreys is the current "Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht" (Text, line 17) and among other tasks responsible for the preservation, protection and presentation of the Irish heritage and cultural assets.
As she states in the introduction and in the course of her speech, she identifies herself "as a Protestant and an Ulsterwoman, who is a proud Irish republican" (Text, line 59-60). Considering her background, she fulfils several criteria for representing the minorities of Ireland to add to the credibility of her demands. She not only belongs to a small denominational group, but also comes from a county that is the border area between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Also, she is a woman.
Einleitung



Zur Person Humphreys
Humphreys uses throughout her speech first person plural: "we will" (Text, line 11), "we should" (Text, line 15) and "we have" (Text, line 21) are some representative examples to show the frequent use of that form. By this, she directly appeals to the Irish people as a whole and creates a sense of unity.
To encourage the sense of unity and to emphasize the direct form of address Humphreys calls the Nation to look "[a]mbitiously to our future" (Text, line 24) and reminds them that "[they] have evolved into a mature democracy" (Text, line 21). She speaks of "our young people" (Text, line 30) and "our freedom" (Text, line 45) and creates a sense of being-together as a united nation. In addition, she uses several terms from the world field of alliance and togetherness and unity, such as "inclusivity" (Text, line 18), "together" (Text, line 11) or "inclusive" (Text, line 18), "welcoming" (Text, line 22), "equal" (Text, line 52) and "democratic" (Text, line 53). All in all, she tries to pass on positive expectations regarding the 2016 commemoration by using positively connotated terms like "welcoming" (Text, line 22), "chance" (Text, line 55) or "opportunity" (Text, line 57).
Hauptteil




Sprache und Wirkung
Humphreys elaborates her ambitions for the country to learn to accept the historical events.
She emphasizes the chance to "bring history to life and life to history" (Text, line 9). By this, she states that the history is to be tackled and that there is need of coming to terms with it. At the same time, she sees "in 2016 […] a chance for the Irish nation to take stock" (Text, line 55) and requests a divergent and realistic assessment of historical events by stating that "the Government will not shy away from the harsh realities of conflict or seek to glorify bloodshed" (Text, line 10-11).
By calling the Irish people "to take stock" (Text, line 55) she personifies the nation because she calls the nation's attention on the reflection of its past as well as the its process of learning and growing from it, just like a person aspires to do. By this, she meets the people's response on an emotional level.



Vergangenheitsbewältigung
Humphreys sharp focus lies on the women's contributions to the events of 1916. The metaphor she uses stresses her cause: "[n]ever again will we airbrush out the significant contribution of the women who helped us achieve our freedom" (Text, line 44-45).
She calls them "trailblazers" (Text, line 47) to indicate both their struggle to prepare and mark the way for future generations of Irish women and also the role model function they had back then and today. She gives tangible examples by introducing the fates of "Margaret Skinnider" (Text, line 48) and "Elizabeth O'Farrell" (Text, line 50) to make her point more vivid and comprehensible. By this, she is able to make the reader sympathize and above all relate.
Bedeutung der Frau
Humphreys lists several planned activities in line 29- 40 and hints at the fact, that there are many more planned by using repetions like "major" (Text, line 38), and "[m]uch, much more" (Text, line 37). In this way, she wants to excide anticipation and inspire the people to participate. She advertizes the coming events and creates motivation.
Werbung für die commemmoration
In the end, Humphrey contrasts the past with the present. To the past she applies the negative term "division" (Text, line 62) and to the present the positive noun "diversity" (Text, line 62). Throughout her speech she conveys positiveness and a sense of change and renewal. Humphreys closes her speech by making an appeal to "challenge [them]selves to consider what [they] want for this republic in the future" (Text, line 63-64).
Schluss
3.
Irish schools are invited to come up with their own programme of a "commemorative school year 2016" that offers different kinds of commemorative events throughout the year. The best project is awarded financial support by the Department of Education and Skills.
As a student representative of the school's committee you are asked to write a formal letter to the ministry presenting your 2016 programme and explain the different kinds of commemorative events.
Write the letter including your background knowledge.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du dich mittels eines formellen Briefs an das Department of Education and Skills wenden. In deinem Schreiben sollst du ein Schulprogramm im Rahmen der 2016 commemoration-Feier vorstellen. Überlege dir dafür passende Verantstaltungen aus, die von Schülern durchgeführt werden könnten.
Formuliere überzeugend und bleibe dabei sachlich.
Tipp
Bei dieser Aufgabenstellung sollst du dich mittels eines formellen Briefs an das Department of Education and Skills wenden. In deinem Schreiben sollst du ein Schulprogramm im Rahmen der 2016 commemoration-Feier vorstellen. Überlege dir dafür passende Verantstaltungen aus, die von Schülern durchgeführt werden könnten.
Formuliere überzeugend und bleibe dabei sachlich.
Newry High School
23 Ahgrove Rd
Newry, Co Down
Absender
Margaret Thompson
Department of Education and Skills
Cornamaddy
Athone, Co Wesrmeath
Empfänger
4 September 2015


Application for the "commemorative school year 2016"


Dear Ms Thompson,
As the representative of the school's committee for the "commemorative school year 2016", I would like to present you our ideas for the 2016 commemoration.
We are a small school with currently 28 teachers and 440 pupils. The origins of the present day Newry High School can be traced to the end of the 19th century. Since then our school has a proven track record of providing a wide curriculum for the entire spectrum of ability in our community.
Now, we want to participate and make our contribution to the "commemorative school year 2016". In the following I'd like to present to you the activities we have planned.
Anschreiben





Einleitung

We have planned our project to take place from the 21 to 23 March, the days before the Easter holidays. We have decided that most of the grades will work on several projects together.
We will organize an exhibition as well as different performances revolving around the following topics: the 1916 Proclamation, our flag and national symbols, Gaelic music and poetry, the Rising and it's protagonists.
A sharp focus will be laid on the 1916 Proclamation because it laid down the vision for the country and its people going forward. Therefore, each grade will be asked to compile their own version of the Irish Proclamation. To create this version the following questions need to be answered:
  • How has the vision of the 1916 Proclamation evolved?
  • Are the wishes of the founders of the state still as relevant today as they were in 1916?
  • Do any of the visions need to be updated to take account of new and modern ways?
The results will be presented at our exhibition.
Further, the younger students of grade 5 will be asked to take a closer look at our national flag. They will have to explore the origins of the flag and other national symbols. In accordance to their findings, they will create paintings and comics that will be presented at our exhibition, too.
Hauptteil



Übersicht



Proklamation von 1916












Flagge und nationale Symbole
We will not only have an exhibition, but also musical and lyrical entertainment. Our school's own orchestra and choir with students from grade 6 to 9 will learn and perform traditional Gaelic songs. Also, students from grade 5 to 9 that are not part of the orchestra or choir can perform gealic poetry from 1900 and onwards.
The school's theater group covering all grades will perform a theater play about the Easter Rising. This will be a project written and lead by our school's drama teacher.
Senior students will decide on altogether 25 protagonists of the Easter Rising. They will research and gather informations on the elected protagonists. During the days of our school's project, some senior students will dress up as one of the protagonists. The visitors can ask them questions on their role and talk to them about their point of view on the Easter Rising.
gälische Musik und Poesie



Theater Stück


Persönlichkeiten aus der Zeit
With our project we want to raise awareness for our national history and cultural heritage. Above all, we want to connect the past to our future as a united country.
We hope that with our plans for the project you will consider us for the award.

Sincerily yours,
Ailin Cullen
Schluss
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