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Aufgabe 3

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Part 2: Non-Fiction Text

1
Outline the information about George Mpanga’s background and his reasons for becoming a spoken-word artist.
#outline
2
Analyze how George Mpanga is portrayed. Give evidence from the article and the photo published with it.
(30$\,\%$)
#analysis
3
Choose one of the following tasks:
3.1
“[B]ecause he has the elevated platform of a Cambridge education, and an understanding of the sociological framework, he and his work are treated differently.” (ll. 45/46)
Explain the quotation, and based on Mpanga’s example, discuss to what extent education helps people have a say in society.
(40$\,\%$)
OR
3.2
Compare Mpanga’s way of dealing with social injustice to that of a character from literature or film or another person from public life. Assess the effects of their actions on other people.
(40$\,\%$)
OR
3.3
Write a speech for the editors’ meeting of an international youth magazine in which you reflect on the potential impact that the publishing of success stories such as Mpanga’s has on young readers.
(40$\,\%$)
#explanation#speech#comparison

‘I’m from a community that doesn’t often get to represent themselves’

By Hannah Ellis-Petersen

$\,$
When George Mpanga was in year 7, a teacher got his class to do an exercise asking how they would all like to be remembered. Mpanga, raised on Harlesden’s notoriously tough Stonebridge Park estate in London and who had recently begun at one of the country’s most prestigious grammar schools – one of only nine black boys
5
in his year – knew the answer instantly: “I want to be remembered as an entertainer with views that other people listen to,” wrote the 11-year-old.
It was an aspiration inspired by growing up listening to rappers such as 2Pac and Nas, musicians that spoke not just to Mpanga’s creativity but his own anger and frustration at the social injustices he witnessed every day and his desire to speak
10
out. It drove him first into rap and grime as a 14-year-old, and later, when he got into Cambridge to study politics, psychology and sociology, write some of the most powerful and socially incisive spoken-word poetry around today. […]
“I always had something to say, I suppose,” shrugs Mpanga. As a 14-year-old entering into the world of grime, he used performing to vocalise and vent his
15
difficulties negotiating his place as a young black male in a high achieving, predominately white grammar school when many of those he had grown up with on his estate were taking very different paths.
Starting at Cambridge at 18, he expanded into spoken-word poetry after worrying that grime would not translate well to his new audience.
20
“I’d observed, as an MC and as a grime rapper, how people always glazed over the quality of the lyrics and lyricism of a lot of grime and rap and that always bothered me,” he said. “So I always thought, well, if I take away the beat, slow down the delivery and give people the chance [to] digest every lyric, it might be received differently. People took it as poetry mainly because it always had strong social
25
messages”
[…] The 23-year-old is very vocal about the sense of responsibility he feels to productively use his increasingly elevated platform. As he says: “All the material I put out commercially is for political ends.”
“When I was in university with my material I was apprehensive to be completely
30
myself in the public space,” said Mpanga. “I’m from a community that doesn’t often get to represent themselves, we don’t often get to do self-portraits. Whenever we are put in the public eye, it’s not very flattering. I’m used to that kind of vilification, people running away with things that have been said and taking them out of context and not being able to do anything about that. So I was very careful in the beginning
35
about how I saw my stuff.”
He added: “Over time, I realised that you’ve got to give people credit, they do understand, a lot of the time it’s just the media that distorts stuff. So I just thought as long as my communication is clear, then I can be held to account for everything that I say and I’m more than happy to do that.”
40
Yet the 23-year-old is clearly still grappling with how to balance his own responsibilities as a mouthpiece for his community and society’s ignored ills with his own individuality, and is very open about the personal anger that still drives much of his writing. Mpanga is also keen to stress that the issues he tackles in his spoken word poetry differs1 little from that already in much of the rap and grime around
45
today, but because he has the elevated platform of a Cambridge education, and an understanding of the sociological framework, he and his work are treated differently.
“When these grime artists and rappers are saying in their music ‘this is my experience, this is why it’s wrong, this is how it can change’, what the conversation becomes by the time it’s a hit is ‘Oh, he’s glorifying things, he’s materialistic’, when
50
actually what he’s describing is upwards social mobility,” said Mpanga. “Because I have the luxury of having the sociological terms for this, people say I’m different from them, when actually I’m exactly the same.”
[…]
$\quad\quad\;\;$(687 words)
$\,$
Source: Ellis-Petersen, Hannah: “I’m from a community that doesn’t often get to represent themselves.” The Guardian. 14 December 2014. Accessed 14 January 2015. http://www.theguardian.com/ music/2014/dec/14/ george-the-poet-spoken-word.

Annotations

Lines
 10 rap and grime music styles involving a beat and spoken lyrics that rhyme 12 incisive here: sharp, intelligent 20 MC emcee, someone who speaks over a beat, or performs songs that could be termed “hip-hop” 20 to glaze over here: to not pay attention to 32 vilification abuse, insult, defamation 50 upwards social mobility more common: upward social mobility, improving your position/place in society
1 mistake in the original article, correct: differ
#newspaper
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Part 2: Non-Fiction Text

1
Outline the information about George Mpanga’s background and his reasons for becoming a spoken-word artist.

Im Zeitungsartikel über George Mpanga sind verschiedene Stationen seines Lebens aufgelistet. Nenne diese Episoden in deiner Arbeit und verknüpfe sie mit seinem künstlerischen Werdegang.
2
Analyze how George Mpanga is portrayed. Give evidence from the article and the photo published with it.

Lies den Text ordentlich durch und markiere dir Aussagen über George Mpanga. Beziehe das Foto von ihm in deine Antwort ein. Halte Ausschau nach Stereotypen oder Klischees.
3
Choose one of the following tasks:
3.1
“[B]ecause he has the elevated platform of a Cambridge education, and an understanding of the sociological framework, he and his work are treated differently.” (ll. 45/46)
Explain the quotation, and based on Mpanga’s example, discuss to what extent education helps people have a say in society.

Erläutere das Zitat anhand von Gründen und beziehe dich dabei auf George Mpangas Beispiel. Gehe auch darauf ein welchen Stellenwert das Cambridge College in der akademischen Welt innehat.
OR
3.2
Compare Mpanga’s way of dealing with social injustice to that of a character from literature or film or another person from public life. Assess the effects of their actions on other people.

Es liegt nahe einen Musiker oder einen Spoken-Word-Künstler für diesen Vergleich zu wählen. Offensichtliche Gemeinsamkeiten erleichtern die Arbeit an der Aufgabe. Unterschiede zwischen der jeweiligen Herangehensweise, was den Umgang mit sozialen Ungerechtigkeiten betrifft, müssen natürlich auch ihren Weg in deine Antwort finden.
OR
3.3
Write a speech for the editors’ meeting of an international youth magazine in which you reflect on the potential impact that the publishing of success stories such as Mpanga’s has on young readers.

Versuche deinen Text wie eine Rede klingen zu lassen. Es ist in Ordnung, wenn du umgangssprachliche Ausdrücke verwendest. Gib konkrete Vorschläge für eine mögliche Reportage. Du kannst Aspekte einfordern, die du im vorliegenden Artikel über George Mpanga vermisst.
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Part 2: Non-Fiction Text

1.
Outline the information about George Mpanga’s background and his reasons for becoming a spoken-word artist.

Tipp
Im Zeitungsartikel über George Mpanga sind verschiedene Stationen seines Lebens aufgelistet. Nenne diese Episoden in deiner Arbeit und verknüpfe sie mit seinem künstlerischen Werdegang.
Tipp
Im Zeitungsartikel über George Mpanga sind verschiedene Stationen seines Lebens aufgelistet. Nenne diese Episoden in deiner Arbeit und verknüpfe sie mit seinem künstlerischen Werdegang.
George Mpanga comes from a Londoner neighbourhood in the Northwest of the city called Stonebridge, which is largely populated by people of Afro-Caribbean descendancy. The newspaper article in The Guardian describes this part of London as a “tough […] estate in London“ (Text, line 3). George Mpanga moved to Cambridge at the age of 11. In Cambridge, a place of high level education, he was among just 9 other black boys in his age-group. In year 7 he had to write a paper about how he would like to be remembered. Even then Mpanga stated that he wants to become an “entertainer with views that other peope listen to“ (Text, line 5 f.).
Music has ever been his mouthpiece to express his problems about living and learning in such an environment while coming from a neighbourhood with limited possibilities. By talking about such an enviroment, the predominately white universe of campus life is meant. His first creative outlet was grime music. Grime music is electronic music with rap influences. His motivation to rap about political issues came from his musical idols, 2Pac and Nas. These american rap musicians deal with social injustices and are known for their witty language. During his time as a grime rappe people did not pay much attention to his lyrics, since his statements were overpowered by the beat of the music. He felt that people would belittle his music and decided to change his style so that people would pay more attention to what he was saying. This is what brought him to the spoken-word scene. Without a beat in the background and with a slower rate of speaking, his educated audience could hear his strong social message better.
Spoken word art gave Mpanga an audience that was able to listen to his critique of the system. In general a spoken art event attracts a well educated crowd, so his lyrics were heard by people of influence. His portait in The Guardian is just one result of this.
#outline
2.
Analyze how George Mpanga is portrayed. Give evidence from the article and the photo published with it.
Tipp
Lies den Text ordentlich durch und markiere dir Aussagen über George Mpanga. Beziehe das Foto von ihm in deine Antwort ein. Halte Ausschau nach Stereotypen oder Klischees.
Tipp
Lies den Text ordentlich durch und markiere dir Aussagen über George Mpanga. Beziehe das Foto von ihm in deine Antwort ein. Halte Ausschau nach Stereotypen oder Klischees.
The article gives you a clear profile of George Mpanga. Above the article you can see a picture of a thoughtful black man. Below this picture there is the subheading: “George the Poet“. His skin colour is again brought to the attention of the reader when the text mentions an event in George Mpangas school career. He was “one of only nine black boys in his year“ (Text, line 4).
The text picks up stereotypes about black people when it explicitly labels the area of London where George Mpangas is from as “notoriously tough“ (Text, line 3) and that he grew up witnessing “social injustice […] every day “ (Text, line 9). Even though this might have been the case, it is superficial to turn “George the Poet“ into “George out of the Ghetto“. This simplification comes way to short to describe George's character, especially because it omits many aspects of his life. It is stunning to see this kind of writing in a newspaper of high renown, such as The Guardian. George Mpanga himself points out that this “kind of vilification“ (Text, line 32) made him speak out loud.
At the same time the article dwells upon his academic career. Pointing out that only few other blacks had access to his alma mater Cambridge, “one of the most prestigious grammar schools“ (Text, line 4). He himself is considering it a “luxury of having the sociological terms“ (Text, line 51), so we are given the picture of an educated person with knowledge in politics, psychology and sociology.
But his ambition is not in academia, he wants to be a political entertainer “with views that other people listen to“ (Text, line 6). It is important for him to be a political artist, the article calls him a “mouthpiece for his community“ (Text, line 41). Here you see how much value the newspaper ascribes to his works. Most likely because there are not that many artists with his background that deal with political themes. At the same time, he stresses that “all the material I put out […] is for political ends“ (Text, line 36 f.), reinforcing his desire to have his political statements heard.
While he does care about his political stance, he also wants to be perceived as a rap artist with a message. The reason behind this is that he wants people to see that his poems are expressing “exactly the same“ (Text, line 52) as many rappers in their songs. Especially because „the media […] distorts stuff“ (Text, line 37). He gives the example of how media points its finger at rappers for “glorifying things […] when actually what he's describing is upward social mobility“ (Text, line 49 f.).
#analysis
3
Choose one of the following tasks:
3.1
“[B]ecause he has the elevated platform of a Cambridge education, and an understanding of the sociological framework, he and his work are treated differently.” (ll. 45/46)
Explain the quotation, and based on Mpanga’s example, discuss to what extent education helps people have a say in society.
Tipp
Erläutere das Zitat anhand von Gründen und beziehe dich dabei auf George Mpangas Beispiel. Gehe auch darauf ein welchen Stellenwert das Cambridge College in der akademischen Welt innehat.
Tipp
Erläutere das Zitat anhand von Gründen und beziehe dich dabei auf George Mpanga's Beispiel. Gehe auch darauf ein welchen Stellenwert das Cambridge College in der akademischen Welt innehat.
Visiting a prestigious school as Cambridge gives you access to all social levels in the UK and generally allows you to compete for any given job. The “platform“ (Text, line 45) mentioned in the quote is a metaphor for the opportunities that are waiting for you after having graduated from Cambridge, or a comparable English college as Oxford or the King's College in London. The alumni of these colleges often gain influential positions in the economy or the political realm. A degree from Cambridge is therefore associated with prestige and a possible high income in careers.
Alongside with it comes an academic authority in your discipline, meaning that people are willing to listen to what you have to say, even if it is not one hundred percentage connected with your field of studies. The trust in academic titles and degrees is very high in the western world. As Mpanga has studied sociology, his observations of life in the black community are perceived as more accurate as the songs of rap musicians of whom he says they are “exactly the same“ (Text, line 52). The same is true for politicians, a doctorate is seen in the public eye as a sign of diligence, ambition and competence. The parliaments of this world are often populated by man and women with a doctorate. Here you can clearly see how education helps people have a say in society.
It is possible that people would not have given much recognition to Georg Mpanga if he had not been to Cambridge. The Cambridge label provided him with credibility and a network through which he can get attention for his projects. As the author of the article puts it, he has the role of “a mouthpiece for his community“ (Text, line 41). If you reverse this argument, it would mean that there are no other black intellectuals speaking out for their peer group.
At the same time it has to be said that people without a university degree shape our society, too. They make up the majority of the population and do have influence because of that. They are often not present in the spotlight, but work hard in the background.

OR
3.2
Compare Mpanga’s way of dealing with social injustice to that of a character from literature or film or another person from public life. Assess the effects of their actions on other people.

Tipp
Es liegt nahe einen Musiker oder einen Spoken-Word-Künstler für diesen Vergleich zu wählen. Offensichtliche Gemeinsamkeiten erleichtern die Arbeit an der Aufgabe. Unterschiede zwischen der jeweiligen Herangehensweise, was den Umgang mit sozialen Ungerechtigkeiten betrifft, müssen natürlich auch ihren Weg in deine Antwort finden.
Tipp
Es liegt nahe einen Musiker oder einen Spoken-Word-Künstler für diesen Vergleich zu wählen. Offensichtliche Gemeinsamkeiten erleichtern die Arbeit an der Aufgabe. Unterschiede zwischen der jeweiligen Herangehensweise, was den Umgang mit sozialen Ungerechtigkeiten betrifft, müssen natürlich auch ihren Weg in deine Antwort finden.
Mainstream media is dominated by white actors, singers and politicians. It is a challenging excercise to come up with a black character from literature, film or public life who is dealing with themes as social injustice. As Mpanga is a young, black musician, I will compare him to the rapper Tupac Shakur. In comparison to Mpanga, Shakur is not as educated as Mpanga. He did not attend college, but has been politically educated by his parents. They and other people in his family were members of the Black Panther Party. This organization proclaimed black power, self-help and local welfare programmes. Next to the hardship in inner cites, racism and other social problems, the ideas of the Black Panther Party were present in Shakur's lyrics. Having sold 36 million albums, he was able to spread his thought-provoking ideas to a large crowd.
Shakur started with writing poetry, but achieved succes as a rap artist. All his records had catchy beats and well drafted hooks, in order to reach a broad audience. Here we have a similarity with Mpanga, who changed from rap and grime to spoken word poetry in order to be heard. This nicely illustrates how powerful messages can be delivered through various media and can still be relevant. What also unites the two artists, is the fact that they changed their output medium in order to be heard from other peer groups as well. Before 2Pac was able to reach a mass audience he made music that dealt more with violence and sex, while already including themes of social injustice. Mpanga had to change his entire style from grime music to spoken word, in order to have his message heard. As Mpanga puts it, they represent a community “that doesn't often get to represent themselves “ (Text, line 30 f.). So in order to be acknowledged they had to change their ways of making art. Shakur and Mpanga are both political persons, they knew they had to be mouthpieces for their community. If you want to bring about social equality, it is the biggest task to make the majority aware of existing injustices und prejudices.
Mpanga's career from the projects to Cambridge is a powerful story for every disadvantaged child in the world. On the one hand it is questionable ifMpangae and his art are popular where he comes from. Spoken word artists are generally listened to by an educated audience and find less attention with the lower classes. On the other hand we have Shakur's music which reached millions of people. After he died at the age of 25, people from every social class mourned the death of a great artist and probably many changed their ways after listening to is stories. Mpanga's appeal is not that big yet, maybe because he changed to spoken word artistry in order to be understood by his new peer group. Still, as Youtube and other video sharing platforms are enabling people of all backgrounds to access information Mpanga's powerful story is continuing to be a motivation for young people. As people are still listening to Tupac Shakur's music, he continues to exert influence on his audience.

OR
3.3
Write a speech for the editors’ meeting of an international youth magazine in which you reflect on the potential impact that the publishing of success stories such as Mpanga’s has on young readers.
Tipp
Versuche deinen Text wie eine Rede klingen zu lassen. Es ist in Ordnung, wenn du umgangssprachliche Ausdrücke verwendest. Gib konkrete Vorschläge für eine mögliche Reportage. Du kannst Aspekte einfordern, die du im vorliegenden Artikel über George Mpanga vermisst.
Tipp
Versuche dein Text wie eine Rede klingen zu lassen. Es ist in Ordnung wenn du umgangssprachliche Ausdrücke verwendest. Gib konkrete Vorschläge für eine mögliche Reportage. Du kannst Aspekte einfordern die du im vorliegenden Artikel über George Mpanga vermisst.
Is here anyone in this room who has already heard about George Mpanga, aka George the Poet? He is a spoken word artist from the UK and mainly talks about social injustices in his pieces. His lifestory is incredible. He has been raised in the projects and moved to Cambridge as a young kid. Do you see why he would be worth being in our magazine?
Success stories of minorities need extra attention in order to elevate their peer group. There are millions of success stories like Mpanga's out there. We need to spread the good word and give people a role model. A role model, a person who people can aspire to, be like and mimic the steps to success. By this we will make them feel better about themselves and try to raise their self-esteem.
Most of the time our stories deal with singers or actors. Including the story of a college educated person gives the children a broader choice of role models. Mpanga's story helps children to be proud of where they come from and tells them that they can go anywhere. Because Mpanga has a minority background his story can be understood all across the globe and speaks universally about social mobility. Our international readership wants to have such articles in our magazine. With his music background we can draw a picture of this multifaceted artist. Especially the fact that Mpanga is political and encourages people to speak out against social injustices, can fascinate the younger generation because he can be seen as the Martin Luther King of his generation. Maybe we can include a story of childhood friends who took different paths. One for example who scored an amazing job in a tech company and one who has a regular job, still lives in Stonebridge Park and is proud of George's career and his life in the spotlight. The key point of this story shall be that education and hard work can bring you to the top, no matter where you are from.
Anyhow, we need a person of colour on our front page in order to attract new groups of potential readers. People all over the world are tired of seeing just white people on the frontpages of magazines. They are the minority and our magazine should display that fact.
#explanation#speech#comparison
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