$\blacktriangleright$ Explain quotation and illustrate why USA is critized by other countries
Erkläre das folgende Zitat und nimm Bezug auf den Text These are the 5 Reasons Why the U.S. Remains the World's Only Superpower
. Im Anschluss daran sollst du anhand von Beispielen zeigen, warum die USA trotzdem von anderen Ländern kritisiert werden.
"It is no wonder that the U.S. enjoys its privileged position in the world today. Superpower indeed."
The quote "It is no wonder that the U.S. enjoys its privileged position in the world today. Superpower indeed." from the text These are the 5 Reasons Why the U.S. Remains the World's Only Superpower claims that the U.S. is a superpower with good reason. A superpower is supposed to have great course-altering influence on other nations due to its military, political and economic might. People have recently wondered whether the U.S. might still be the world's superpower since China is on the rise to take over this position. Yet, the text convinces the reader to think that the U.S. can't be beaten by any other country.
Various parameters determine whether a country can be regarded as a superpower. The economics of that specific nation is one of those parameters. In the U.S., the economy grows with its citizens, meaning that the gross domestic product amounts to around $ \$ $ 50,000 per capita. Furthermore, 80% of all financial transactions worldwide are made in dollars. Adding to that, 87% of other currencies like yen are still listed as dollars. Thus, as long as almost every nation places so much faith in the American currency, it will be hard for any other country to catch up. The U.S. is not only an economic power, it is also a superiority in military terms. Tremendous sums are invested into the military and hence, the domination of all physical spaces like air, sea, land and space itself can be assigned to the United States. The parameter of political influence in turn manifests in different ways. Financial assistance consolidates political power and influence on a global level for instance. The U.S. spends over 30 billion dollars on financial assistance, forming strong alliances with those countries. Moreover, the U.S. have the oldest working national constitution and strong institutions which is the reason why the attractiveness of the U.S. steadily increases for potential immigrants. The high standard of living turns the U.S. into an ideal place to start a new life as well. Furthermore, Americans have a certain drive to further develop the country, they do not wish standstill. Hence, they are the prime mover when it comes to innovation and technical progress and spend 30% of the research and development budget in their own country.
Main Part I - Consent
This is how the U.S. perceives itself - as a superpower. However, many other nations critizise the U.S. for various reasons - of political, economic, military and social nature. Most of the criticism that will be mentioned refers to late or current events that have taken place in the United States. Several topics overshadow the superpower with regard to politics. The most recent is the travel ban that Trump has imposed upon thousands of travellers as well as immigrants from seven Muslim countries. The British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson considered the ban as divisive and utterly wrong whereas the French Foreign Secretary thinks of taking in refugees from these countries as an act of solidarity. A few years ago, the U.S. became highly unpopular in Germany when the spying scandal between the NSA and Chancellor Merkel was uncovered. This severely damaged the trust that Germany has always put in America.
Not only Germany but also Japan distrusts America - mostly because of the statements about nuclear weapons that President Trump has made recently - keep in mind that Japan suffered from atomic bombs during WW2. In an interview, he denied the potential usage of nuclear weapons because the might of the American military would be sufficient. Yet, he also stated that he would maybe use them if he had to. President Obama has been critizised as well. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009 for pulling out troops of Iraq. The fact that the government spent up to $ \$ $ 825 billion and that this adds up to the already huge amount of U.S. debt is largely being ignored by American residents. But it is not being ignored by other nations who deem the U.S. responsible for attracting new followers to ISIS or the Taliban.
In addition, many countries feel that the protectionism that Trump initiated will hurt workers and businesses due to the fact that external trading partners will implement protectionist policies in retaliation and thus causing demand for exports to plummet. This would result in higher prices of goods for consumers as well. Trump has not only insisted on protectionism but focuses on tax cuts as well - favoring the rich and the businesses. The U.S. would take on more debt as its deficit.
This leads to the last reason why the U.S. are often critizised. A lot of nations consider the U.S. as being one of the most corrupt states in the world. There, it is possible to reduce taxes on the rich people just by bribing politicians - or to bribe politicians into changing their programme according to the wishes of the wealthy people. Wealth determines your education and future career as well. Depending on where you live and on how much property tax you pay, you will be able to send your children to more renowned schools and you will be able to pay the extremely high tuitions that you need to pay in order to attend college or university.
Main Part II - Criticism
In total, it is quite hard to differentiate between the U.S. as a superpower and the criticism that is being uttered by other countries. Per se, the definition of superpower definitely matches America but it is rather invalid in consideration of all the causes of objection. A superpower should be aware of the consequences that will follow on specific statements and actions.