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Textaufgabe 2

Aufgaben
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Prospect Park

The following text is taken from Teacher Man, which is set in New York in the 1960s.
$\;$
Sal Battaglia smiled every morning and said, Hi, teach. Sal sat with his girlfriend, Louise, and looked happy. When they held hands across the aisle everyone walked around them because it was understood this was the real thing. Someday Sal and Louise would be married and that was sacred.
Sal’s Italian family and Louise’s Irish family didn’t approve, but at least the wedding would be Catholic and
5
that was OK. Sal joked to the class his family worried he might starve to death with an Irish wife on account of how the Irish can’t cook. He said his mother wondered how the Irish survived at all. Louise spoke up, said they could say what they liked, but the Irish had the most beautiful babies in the world. Sal blushed. Cool Italian, nearly eighteen, with the mass of black curly hair, actually blushed. Louise laughed and we all laughed when she reached across the aisle to touch the redness of his face with her delicate white hand.
10
The class went quiet when Sal took her hand and kept it against his face. You could see his eyes glistening with tears. What came over him? I stood with my back to the blackboard, not knowing what to say or do, not wanting to break the spell. At a time like this how could I go on with our discussion of The Scarlet Letter[1]?
I went behind my desk, pretended to be busy, silently took the attendance again, filled out a form, waited
15
for the bell to ring in ten minutes, watched Sal and Louise leave, hand in hand, and envied them the way everything was laid out. After graduation there would be an engagement. Sal would become a master plumber, Louise a legal stenographer, the highest you can go in the secretarial world unless you got the crazy notion to become a lawyer. I told Louise she was bright enough to be anything, but she said no no, what would her family say? She had to earn a living, get ready for her life with Sal. She’d learn Italian
20
cooking so she wouldn’t be beholden all the time to Sal’s mother. A year after the wedding a baby would appear, a little round well-fed Italian- Irish-American baby and that would bring the two families together forever and who cared what countries their parents came from.
None of that happened because of an Irish kid who went after Sal in a Prospect Park[2] gang rumble and clobbered him with a two-by-four[3]. Sal didn’t even belong to a gang. He was just passing through
25
delivering an order from the restaurant where he worked nights and weekends. He and Louise knew these gang wars were stupid, especially with the Irish and Italians, who were all Catholic and white. So why? What was it all about? Something called turf, territory, even worse, girls. Hey, get your guinea[4] hands off my girl. Get your fat mick ass out of our neighborhood. Sal and Louise could understand rumbling with the Puerto Ricans or the Negroes, but not one another, for Christ’s sakes.
30
Sal returned wearing a bandage to cover his stitches. He swung over to the right side of the room, well away from Louise. He ignored the class and no one looked at him or spoke to him. Louise took her old seat, tried to catch his eye. She turned toward me as if I had answers or could fix things. I felt inadequate and indecisive. Should I go back there, squeeze her shoulder, whisper encouraging words about how Sal would get over this? Should I go to Sal, apologize for the Irish race, tell him you can’t judge a whole people by the
35
actions of one lout in Prospect Park[2], remind him Louise was still lovely, still loved him?
How are you supposed to discuss the conclusion of The Scarlet Letter[1], the happy end for Hester and Pearl, with Louise sitting a few rows back, her heart broken, Sal staring straight ahead ready to murder the first Irishman to cross his path?
Ray Brown raised his hand. Good old Ray, always stirring the pot. Hey, Mr. McCourt, how come no
40
Negroes in this book? I must have looked blank. Everyone but Louise and Sal laughed. I don’t know, Ray. I don’t think they had Negroes in old New England.
Sal jumped from his seat. Yeah, they had Negroes, Ray, but the Irish killed them all. Snuck up behind them and busted their heads.
Oh, yeah? said Ray.
45
Yeah, said Sal. He picked up his bag, walked out, made his way to the guidance office. The counselor told me Sal asked for a transfer to Mr. Campbell’s class, who at least wasn’t Irish, and didn’t have that stupid accent. You could never imagine Mr. Campbell hitting you from behind with a two-by- four[3], but, That McCourt. He’s Irish and you can never trust those sneaky bastards.
I did not know what to do about Sal. It was three months to graduation and I should have tried to talk to him
50
but I was unsure of what to say. In the school hallways I often saw teachers comforting kids. Arm around the shoulder. The warm hug. Don’t worry, everything will be OK. Boy or girl saying thank you, tears, teacher squeezing shoulder one last time. That’s what I wanted to do. Should I have told Sal I was not a two-by-four-wielding[3] lout? Should I have insisted on telling him how unfair it was to make Louise suffer for the actions of someone who was probably drunk? Oh, you know how the Irish are, Sal. And he would have
55
laughed and said, OK, Irish have that problem, and made up with Louise.
From: Frank McCourt, Teacher Man, New York 2005

Annotations:
[1] The Scarlet Letter: novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne, set in 17th-century Boston
[2] Prospect Park: public park in Brooklyn
[3] two-by-four: piece of wood cut to be long and straight
[4] guinea: here: offensive word for Italian

Questions on the text

Answer the following questions using your own words as far as is appropriate. Quote correctly.
1.
Examine Sal and Louise's relationship, their plans for the future and the reactions of the people around them, as laid out in the first part of the text.
2.
Describe the event that changes everything and outline Sal's and Louise's behaviour in its aftermath.
3.
Analyse what we learn about the teacher and how he is portrayed, taking into consideration narrative perspective, language and style.
#examination#description#analysis

Composition

Choose one of the following topics. Write about 200 to 250 words.
1.
Never marry someone your parents do not approve of.
Do you agree?
2.
"Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one." (Malcolm Forbes, 1919 - 1990, US publisher)
Comment on this statement.
3.
Describe the way a conflict with far-reaching consequences is dealt with in a literary work by an English-speaking author.
Write a review for an English edition of your school magazine.
4.
Describe, interpret and comment on the following advert.
Textaufgabe 2
"The more you look at the world, the more you recognise that people have different ideas about what's important.
From: https://chrisnsue.wordpress.com/2010/02
Textaufgabe 2
"The more you look at the world, the more you recognise that people have different ideas about what's important."
#description#comment#quotation
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Questions on the text

$\blacktriangleright$  1. Examine Sal and Louise's relationship
  • happy relationship between an Italian boy and an Irish girl in high school age $\rightarrow$ "the real thing" (l. 3)
  • Sal and Louise both defend their heritage from each other $\rightarrow$ Sal would starve to death, because Irish can't cook, Louise claims that Irish babies are the most beautiful in the world
  • no one can come between them ("they held hands across the aisle [and] everyone walked around them" (l. 2))
  • families don't approve because of different migrational backgrounds (Irish and Italian)
  • deep feelings $\rightarrow$ "eyes glistening with tears" (l. 10-11)
  • engagement after graduation, Sal would then become a master plumber and Louise a legal stenographer in order to get ready for life with Sal
  • Louise would learn Italian cooking as well
  • a year after wedding, baby would come
  • others deem their relationship as sacred and are touched by their love for each other
  • teacher even interrupts his lesson because he does not want to stop the magic between Sal and Louise
$\blacktriangleright$  2. Describe event that everything changes
  • Irish gang member hit Sal in Prospect Park with a stick without reason, Sal had to get stitches
  • gang wars are always about "turf, territory, […], girls" (l. 27)
  • Sal didn't even belong to a gang, thinks the wars are stupid
  • event sparked hatred against Irish in Sal, making him want to murder "the first Irishman to cross his path" (l. 38)
  • doesn't want to sit close to Louise anymore, ignores her
  • Louise tries to understand situation, doesn't know what to do and is heartbroken
  • Sal sarcastic "they had Negroes, Ray, but the Irish killed them all" (l. 42)
  • Sal blames Irish for every sorrow that the world had to suffer from
  • finally asks for transfer to another class
$\blacktriangleright$  3. Analyse teacher (narrative perspective, language, style)
  • teacher recounts story from his point of view (1st person), knows details about Sal and Louise's relationship due to the fact that the story is written in the past
  • portrayed as rather observing, appreciative, thoughtful person
    $\rightarrow$ doesn't know what to do when Sal and Louise stare at each other in awe, doesn't want to break the spell
    $\rightarrow$ cannot continue a banal thing such as discussion about novel when magic is happening in his classroom
    $\rightarrow$ envies their relationship
  • gives his students input about their future $\rightarrow$ interested in them
  • "for Christ's sake" (l. 29) $\rightarrow$ teacher is sad that relationship between Sal and Louise had to endure an event that led to them breaking up
  • is seen as a reference person and someone who can fix things by Louise $\rightarrow$ she turns to him when she realizes that Sal ignores her (l. 32)
  • teacher feels "inadequate and indecisive" (l. 33) $\rightarrow$ would like to help, but doesn't know whom to help and what exactly to do
  • internal conflict about whether to comfort Sal or Louise, forgets his teaching assignment over that
  • empathetic $\rightarrow$ wants to fix Sal and Louise's relationship
  • not able to control the awkward classroom situation $\rightarrow$ has to rely on help of another student
  • when Sal blames Irish folk for every misery that ever happened, teacher feels bad because he himself is Irish as well
    $\rightarrow$ "stupid accent" (l. 47)
    $\rightarrow$ "That McCourt. He's Irish and you can never trust those sneaky bastards" (l. 48)
    $\rightarrow$ teacher feels sorry for himself and is sarcastic about him being Irish
  • "should have tried to talk to him" (l. 49) $\rightarrow$ regrets not having intervened
  • ellipsis: "Arm around the shoulder. The warm hug. Don't worry. […] (l. 52)
    $\rightarrow$ teacher feels insecure about his role in comforting students, compares himself with other teachers who can express their empathy more than him

Composition

$\blacktriangleright$  1. Comment on whether you should marry someone your parents do not approve of
  • your life, your choices
  • hear them out without defending partner or your relationship
  • parents' approval means a great deal $\rightarrow$ involved in every aspect of children's life and have an opinion about everything they do
  • it’s important to discern if parents express real concern or if they judge partner based on their own biases
  • parents might see something you don't due to "blindness of love" $\rightarrow$ partner being drug addict, criminal, abusive,…
  • shouldn't have to choose between partner or parents $\rightarrow$ let parents meet partner
  • support (financial, mental) from parents might be withdrawn
  • if you are happy and parents are the only persons who disagree, why not?
  • it is a choice you make, if parents really love you, parents will at some point agree with you
  • you need to be happy, not your parents
$\blacktriangleright$  2. Comment on statement
  • broadening the mind as one purpose of education
  • purpose of education is to acquire knowledge, values and skills of the 21st century in order to prepare one to deal with challenges of a globalized world and to motivate one to pursue life-long learning
  • knowledge is the way to be able to see things in a different light, to be able to understand things from more than one perspective
  • when you have no knowledge, your mind is empty, but if you are educated then you will be able to reason
  • to have an open mind is to not jump to a conclusion, but look at something from all sides and perspectives
  • not simply to "fill the mind" with information, but rather to expand one's ability to think, to not close one's mind with biases and the idea "I already know", but to be curious
  • an empty mind: a person that does not know a lot of information or facts, does not WANT to know, or one who is oblivious of the existence of certain fields, subjects or cultures
  • to open the mind would be to expose people to facts to which they may have been unaware, to expose entire topics to people who may never have known those topics existed, or to get people to reevaluate their beliefs/what they think they know in the face of contrary evidence
$\blacktriangleright$  3. Write a review
Major conflict in The Great Gatsby:
  • Jay Gatsby is a man of brute wealth and only one goal: getting back together with the girl he loved in his youth
  • Daisy Buchanan, the girl Gatsby loves, is married with Tom, whom she does not love
  • Gatsby has amassed his wealth illegally in order to gain Daisy, who is a woman of "old money" and who is used to not caring about money
  • Gatsby had lied to Daisy back then and had told her that he came from a rich family just like her
  • Daisy promised to wait for him when he left for war, but in fact married aristocratic Tom
  • Daisy as the paragon of perfection (aura of charm, wealth, sophistication, grace, and aristocracy that Gatsby longed for as a poor child)
  • in reality, Daisy is beautiful and charming, but also fickle, shallow, bored, and sardonic and corrupted by wealth
Far-reaching consequences:
  • Daisy and Gatsby begin an affair $\rightarrow$ immoral towards Tom
  • love each other on false assumptions $\rightarrow$ Daisy is not as pure and noble as Gatsby thinks, Gatsby does not come from old money as Daisy assumes
  • their affair ultimately leads to Myrtle Wilson's (Tom's affair) and Gatsby's death
    $\rightarrow$ Daisy learns of Tom's and Myrtle's affair and hits her with Gatsby's car
    $\rightarrow$ Tom learns of their affair and is jealous
    $\rightarrow$ Tom tells Myrtle's husband that the car belonged to Gatsby and that Gatsby had an affair with Myrtle
    $\rightarrow$ George Wilson kills Gatsby and himself
  • money couldn't buy love or friends for Gatsby $\rightarrow$ neither Daisy nor party attendees come to his funeral
$\blacktriangleright$  4. Describe, interpret and comment on advert
  • advert divided into four pictures, three of them showing the same scene: newlyweds-figures for wedding cakes with the words "fate", "fear" and "fairy tale"
  • last picture shows the logo of the bank HSBC and has "The more you look at the world, the more you recognise that people have different ideas about what's important." written on it
  • advert shows that the idea of marriage can be perceived in different ways
  • marriage as fate
    $\rightarrow$ something that is bound to happen between two people, no matter what happened, happens or will happen
    $\rightarrow$ two people belong together, are soulmates, marriage as logical and inevitable consequence
  • marriage as something to be afraid of
    $\rightarrow$ fear of commitment and of duties linked to marriage
    $\rightarrow$ arranged or forced marriages, fear of potential husband/wife, fear of loss of freedom
    $\rightarrow$ fear of marrying the wrong person, fear of future divorce
  • marriage as a fairy tale
    $\rightarrow$ too good to be true, nonexistent
    $\rightarrow$ something little girls dream of
    $\rightarrow$ theme of marriage in fairy tales (Snow White, The Little Mermaid)
    $\rightarrow$ main goal is to get married
  • statement at the end explains exactly that: one term or one concept can have very different meanings or executions depending on the cultural or social areas you are located in
  • a little harsh conception of marriage (fear), might create real fear in persons who are likely to end up in an arranged marriage
  • rather one-dimensional to reduce marriage to fate, fear and fairy tale (idea might come up that those terms were only used because they all start with an 'f')
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Questions on the text

$\blacktriangleright$  1. Examine Sal and Louise's relationship
Sal and Louise are the protagonists of the excerpt of the novel Teacher Man by Frank McCourt. The story revolves around the happy relationship between an Italian boy and an Irish girl in high school age. Outsiders consider their relationship as the real thing. Sal and Louise have deep feelings for each other - when they look at each other, their eyes are glistening with tears. No one can come between them which is made clear by the fact that when they hold hands across the aisle at school, people are walking around them. Others deem their relationship as sacred and are touched by their love for each other. The teacher at school even interrupts his lesson because he does not want to stop the magic between Sal and Louise.
After their graduation, Sal und Louise will celebrate their engagement and Sal would then become a master plumber and Louise a legal stenographer in order to get ready for life with Sal. A year after the wedding, a baby would come. Thus, Sal and Louise have planned their future life together very well and are very certain about each other.
However, their families don't approve of the relationship between Sal and Louise because of different migrational backgrounds (Italian and Irish). In addition, Sal and Louise both defend their heritage from each other. They mock that Sal would starve to death, because the Irish can't cook, and Louise claims that Irish babies are the most beautiful in the world. Although the relationship between Sal and Louise seems to be perfect and harmonious, the differences in their heritage foreshadows their future.
$\blacktriangleright$  2. Describe event that everything changes
Although the relationship between Sal and Louise seemed invincible, there was one special incident that changed everything for them. One day, an Irish gang member hit Sal in Prospect Park with a stick without reason and Sal had to get stitches.
Gang wars are always going on in the city and they are almost always about turf, territory, and girls. However, Sal doesn't even belong to a gang and thinks that those wars are stupid. That event sparks the hatred against the Irish in Sal and makes him want to murder the first Irishman to cross his path. Since Louise is Irish, he doesn't want to be with her anymore and avoids her by ignoring her and by not sitting close to her anymore. Meanwhile, Louise tries to understand the situation, she doesn't know what to do and she is heartbroken. Sal obsesses over the event and gets sarcastic, saying that the Irish killed all the Negroes in their country. He even goes as far as to blaming the Irish for every sorrow the world had to suffer from. The happenings culminate in Sal asking for a transfer to another class.
$\blacktriangleright$  3. Analyse teacher (narrative perspective, language, style)
The teacher recounts the story from his point of view in the first person perspective. He knows details about Sal and Louise's relationship due to the fact that the story is written in the past. He is portrayed as a rather observing, appreciative and thoughtful person. Thus, he doesn't know what to do when Sal and Louise stare at each other in awe since he doesn't to break the spell. In fact, he even thinks that he cannot continue a banal thing such as a discussion about a novel when magic is literally happening in his classroom. This also means that he envies their relationship. Mr McCourt deeply cares about his students which is why he gives some advice and input about their future. This becomes more evident when Sal and Louise break up: Mr McCourt is sad that they had to endure an event that led to them being in such a situation and expresses his feelings by shouting out "for Christ's sake" (l. 33).
Not only is the teacher a person who is interested in his students, the students themselves think of him as a reference person. Louise turns to him when Sal ignores her because she believes that her teacher can fix things between her and Sal. Yet, the teacher feels inadequate and indecisive - he would like to help but doesn't really know whom to help and what exactly to do. Furthermore, he faces an internal conflict about whether to comfort Sal or Louise and even forgets his teaching assignment over that. Hence, he can be described as empathetic because he puts the problems of others over his own and wishes for other persons to feel better.
Yet, it is not quite clear if the students see him as a person of authority - he is not able to control the awkward classroom situation when it is all quiet between Sal and Louise. Actually, he has to rely on another student's help and apparently, this is not the first time that that student fixed awkward situations. That Mr McCourt is insecure in general is being proved by another situation. When Sal blames the Irish folk for every misery that ever happened, the teacher feels bad because he himself is Irish as well. He talks of his accent as stupid (l. 47) and thinks "That McCourt. He's Irish and you can never trust those sneaky bastards" (l. 48). Hence, the teacher feels sorry for himself and is sarcastic about him being Irish.
And even though Mr McCourt seems to be empathetic, he did not take any action in order to fix things between Sal and Louise and even regrets that (l. 49). Through the ellipsis "Arm around the shoulder. The warm hug. Don't worry." (l. 52), the teacher even shows that he feels insecure about his role in comforting students and compares himself with other teachers who can express their empathy more than him.

Composition

$\blacktriangleright$  1. Comment on whether you should marry someone your parents do not approve of
Your parents and your partner are some of the most important persons in your life and they are also the persons that you have spent and that you will spend your time with for the rest of your life. Keeping that in mind, isn't it then absolutely inevitable that your parents agree with your choice of partner? Or should you just marry someone even though your parents do not approve him or her?
Introduction
First of all, since it is your life, it is your choice to marry whoever you want and not the choice of your parents and it is you who needs and deserves to be happy and not your parents. If you are happy and if you think that your partner is the person you want to share everything with for the rest of your life and your parents are the only ones who disagree with you than you should think about the reasons why your parents could think that way.
Thus, you should hear them out without defending your partner or your relationship. Your parents approval means a great deal - they have been involved in every aspect of their child's life and they have an opinion on everything their child does. This is why your parents might see something you don't due to the blindness of love. You might not realize your partner being a drug addict, a criminal or maybe even abusive but your parents might. So it is important to discern whether your parents express real concern or if they judge your partner based on their own biases and prejudices they might hold against him or her. Oftentimes, parents want their children to have a partner that fulfills their expectations and if he or she doesn't do that, the parents disagree with the partner.
Main Part
Whatever you decide on, it is a choice that you make and if your parents love you and only want the best for your, they will at some point in time agree with you. But you should definitely not have to choose between your parents and your partner.
Conclusion
$\blacktriangleright$  2. Comment on statement
Malcolm Forbes, the publisher of Forbes magazine once uttered a meaningful statement: "Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one." It concludes that education is supposed to make a person more open-minded and not to just fill someone's mind with knowledge.
Introduction
Yet, the first purpose of education is to acquire the knowledge, values and skills of the 21st century in order to prepare one to deal with the challenges of a globalized world and to motivate one to pursue life-long learning. Knowledge is the way to be able to see things in a different light and to be able to understand things from more than just one perspective. When you don't have any knowledge, your mind is empty, but if you are educated you will be able to reason. To have an open mind is to not jump to a single conclusion when confronted with something, but to look at something from all sides and perspectives.
Another purpose of education isn't to simply fill the mind with information, but rather to expand one's ability to think and to not close one's mind with biases and the idea that the person already knows everything, but to be curious. An empty mind in contrast is a person who does not know a lot of information or facts and who does not want to know or one who is oblivious of the existence of certain fields, subjects or cultures. In turn, to open the mind would be to expose people to facts to which they may have been unaware, to expose entire topics to people who may never have known those topics existed, or to get people to reevaluate their beliefs or what they think they know in the face of contrary evidence.
Main Part
  • explanation empty / open mind
  • differences empty / open mind
I strongly agree with Malcolm Forbes - education should not just fill someone's mind but it should broaden it up to the point where a person wants to learn things by him- or by herself and out of his or her own motivation. Most of the time, children think that school is boring and that what they learn is unnecessary but they are actually being prepared for their future and for learning by themselves through courses at university for instance.
$\blacktriangleright$  3. Write a review
One novel that revolves around a conflict with far-reaching consequences is The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The story is mostly about Jay Gatsby - a man of brute wealth and with only one goal: to get back together with the girl he loved in his youth. Yet, that girl Daisy Buchanan is married to Tom whom she does not love.
Introduction
synopsis of The Great Gatsby
Gatsby has amassed his wealth illegally in order to gain Daisy, who is a woman of "old money" and who is used to not caring about money. In order to gain her trust and love, Gatsby had lied to Daisy back then and had told her that he ccame from a rich family just like her. Daisy promised to wait him when he left for war, but in fact, she married the aristocratic Tom. For Gatsby, Daisy is the paragon of perfection due to her aura of charm, her wealth, the sophistication, grace and aristocracy that Gatsby longed for as a poor child. However, although Daisy is beautiful and charming, she is also fickle, shallow, bored and sardonic and corrupted by wealth in reality.
Main Part
conflict
Given that this is basically the major conflict, it is just natural that there are some consequences to be faced. The consequences already start when Daisy and Gatsby begin an affair which shows Daisy's immorality and infidelity towards Tom. In addition, they love each other on false assumptions since Daisy is not as pure and noble as Gatsby thinks and since Gatsby does not come from old money as Daisy assumes. Their affair ultimately leads to Myrtle Wilson's (Tom's affair) and Gatsby's death. In a whirlwind of events, Daisy learns from Tom's and Daisy's affair and hits her with Gatsby's car. Meanwhile Tom learns of their affair and is jealous so he tells Myrtle's husband that the car belonged to Gatsby and that Gatsby had an affair with Myrtle. Thus, George Wilson kills Gatsby and commits suicide.
consequences
To sum it up: money couldn't buy Gatsby love or friends since neither Daisy nor the attendees of Gatsby's lavish parties come to his funeral. Gatsby who once had anything is now dead having nothing.
Conclusion
#thegreatgatsby
$\blacktriangleright$  4. Describe, interpret and comment on advert
An advert from the bank HSBC juxtaposes marriage and the statement "The more you look at the world, the more you recognise that people have different ideas about what's important."
Introduction
The advert is divided into four pictures, three of them showing the same scene: newlyweds-figures for wedding cakes with the words "fate", "fear" and "fairy tale". Considering the statement in the last picture, the advert shows that the idea of marriage can be perceived in different ways.
If you see marriage as fate, than that bond is bound to happen between two people, no matter what happened, happens or will happen. It also means that two people belong together, they are soulmates and their marriage is just a logical and inevitable consequence.
However, marriage can also be seen as something to be afraid of which might be the fear of commitment and of duties linked to marriage. One also needs to take into account that some marriages are forced or arranged, so the person possibly fears the potential future husband or wife and he or she also fears the loss of freedom. However, one can also be scared of marrying the wrong person, and one might be scared of a future divorce.
Marriage can also be seen as a fairy tale: it can be too good to be true and is basically nonexistent. In addition, it can be compared to something that little girls dream of - which might be closely linked to the often-occurring theme of marriage in fairy tales (e.g. Snow White, The Little Mermaid). The fairy tales pass on the perception that the main goal of women is to get married.
Main Part
different conceptions of marriage
The statement at the end explains exactly that: one term or one concept can have very different meanings or implementations depending on the cultural or social areas you are located in. In my opinion, the advert conveys a rather harsh conception of marriage, that might create real fear in persons who are likely to end up in an arranged marriage. It is also rather one-dimensional to reduce marriage to fate, fear and a fairy tale. Here, the idea might come up that those terms were only used because they all start with an 'f'.
Conclusion
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