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# Aufgabe 3

Aufgaben

## Part 3: Non-Fiction Text

1
Outline the researchers’ findings and their concerns about parental use of smartphones. (Text A)
(30$\,\%$)
#outline#socialmedia
2
Analyze the cartoon (Text B) and explain which issues from the article (Text A) it refers to. Give evidence from Text A.
(30$\,\%$)
#cartoon
3
Choose one of the following tasks:
3.1
“Kids learn by watching and participating, and if parents aren’t engaging with their children, then the young ones could start to lose their social role models.” (Text A, ll. 37-39)
Explain the quote and discuss the importance of adults as role models for children regarding modern media usage. Refer to the article and your knowledge about the issue.
(40$\,\%$)
OR
3.2
Compare the guidelines for smartphone usage within families, as suggested in the article, to similar rules in schools.
Assess their usefulness and potential problems in carrying them out.
(40$\,\%$)
OR
3.3
You have been invited to a youth media conference on the topic of ‘Disconnecting in the age of connectivity’. Write the opening speech in which you comment on the author’s vision of “a generation of people who text each other while sitting at the same table” (Text A, ll. 39/40).
(40$\,\%$)
#speech#quotation#socialmedia

## Don’t Text While Parenting — It Will Make You Cranky

### By Alice Park

1
[…] Dr. Jenny Radesky, a fellow in developmental-and-behavioral pediatrics at Boston Medical Center, specializes in counseling parents about developmental and behavioral issues with their children. So she was naturally curious about how the ubiquity of smartphones, and their distracting allure, might affect the quality of time that parents and
5
their children spent together. Previous studies showed that TVs, even if they are only on in the background, can inhibit children’s creativity and siphon their concentrating and focusing powers.
To study the effect of smartphones, Radesky and her colleagues sent in undercover investigators to surreptitiously observe any adult-child grouping with more than one
10
youngster as they ate at a fast-food restaurant. The observers recorded the behavior of both the adults and the children in 55 such groupings, as well as how frequently the adults used their smartphones.
The data provided an unvarnished look at how absorbed many parents were by their devices. […]
15
“What stood out was that in a subset of caregivers using the device almost through the entire meal, how negative their interactions could become with the kids,” she says. While the study did not code or quantify the reactions, Radesky says that there were “a lot of instances where there was very little interaction, harsh interaction or negative interaction” between the adults and the children. “That’s simply unfair to the children,” says Dr. Wendy
20
Sue Swanson of Seattle Children's Hospital and author of the Seattle Mama Doc blog.
In light of the data, Radesky is working with the American Academy of Pediatrics to develop some guidelines for the smart smartphone use in front of the kids — just as the academy has advice for parents on TV viewing (none for toddlers younger than 2). […]
In the meantime, setting aside devices during specific times, such as meal, story and bed
25
times, can help to minimize any potentially distracting effects that smartphones have on parent-child interactions. Using the phone, says Swanson, “is not recommended at the dinner table — a time that we think is valuable to fostering cohesion.”
Also, recognizing that responding to email or scanning Facebook while your kids are waiting or attempting to get your attention isn't fair to them and could change the nature of
30
your relationship with your kids if they don’t feel they are as important as the device. […]
Establishing no-device rules at certain times of day or places in the home can also help. That not only can improve relations between young children and their parents, but also teach the children about how to properly engage with people during conversations or interactions as they grow older. “My concern is that if the device use becomes really
35
excessive, and it replaces our day-to-day interactions, then kids won’t get much practice with having conversations, reading social cues and responding sensitively to something that the other person expresses,” she says. Kids learn by watching and participating, and if parents aren’t engaging with their children, then the young ones could start to lose their social role models. And who wants a generation of people who text each other while
40
sitting at the same table?
$\quad\quad\;\;$(513 words)
$\,$
Source: Park, Alice. “Don’t Text While Parenting — It Will Make You Cranky”. TIME. March 10, 2014.
Accessed April 29, 2014. http://time.com/14953/parents-who-use-smartphones-in-front-of-their-kids-are-crankier/.

### Annotations

Lines
 heading cranky bad-tempered 1 fellow member of a professional organization or a college 1 pediatrics area of medicine that deals with children and their illnesses 3 ubiquity omnipresence, being everywhere 6 to inhibit to prevent something from growing or developing well 6 to siphon to take something away 9 surreptitiously done secretly or quickly because you do not want other people to notice
 heading cranky 1 fellow 1 pediatrics 3 ubiquity 6 to inhibit
#socialmedia

## Text B

### Annotations

 The Padres The San Diego Padres, a baseball team, member of the National League
#cartoon
Bildnachweise [nach oben]
[1]
Source: Accessed April 29, 2014. http://larrycuban.files. wordpress.com/2010/06/breen.jpg.
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Tipps

$\blacktriangleright$ Outline the researcher's findings and their concerns about parental use of smartphones. (Text A)

Ziel dieser Aufgabe ist es, die Erkenntnisse und die Sorgen der Forscher (wie sie die Autorin in Text A beschreibt) im Bezug auf den elterlichen Umgang mit Smartphones zu skizzieren. Dabei sind keine nebensächlichen Details notwendig.

$\blacktriangleright$ Analyze the cartoon (Text B) and explain which issues from the article (Text A) it refers to. Give evidence from Text A.

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du den Cartoon analysieren und dabei erläutern, auf welche Aspekte aus Text A verwiesen wird. Hierbei solltest du stets Textbelege verwenden.

$\blacktriangleright$ “Kids learn by watching and participating, and if parents aren't engaging with their children, then the young ones could start to lose their social role models.” (Text A, l. 37-39) Explain the quote and discuss the importance of adults as role models for children regarding modern media usage. Refer to the article and your knowledge about the issue.

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du erklären, was mit dem Zitat ausgedrückt werden soll. Außerdem sollst du diskutieren, inwieweit die Rolle der Eltern für ihre Kinder bei der Benutzung von modernen Medien wichtig ist. Beachte dabei welche Vorschläge der Text hierzu macht. Bringe jedoch auch dein eigenes Wissen zu dem Thema ein.

$\blacktriangleright$ Compare the guidelines for smartphone usage within families, as suggested in the article, to similar rules in schools. Assess their usefulness and potential problems in carrying them out.

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du zuerst die Richtlinien für die Verwendung von Smartphones innerhalb von Familien, wie in dem Artikel genannt, mit ähnlichen Regeln in der Schule vergleichen. Danach sollst du die Nützlichkeit und mögliche Probleme bei der Umsetzung der Regeln bewerten.

$\blacktriangleright$ You have been invited to a youth media conference on the topic of ‘Disconnecting in the age of connectivity’. Write the opening speech in which you comment on the author’s vision of a “generation of people who text each other while sitting at the same table” (Text A, l. 39-40)

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du die Eröffnungsrede zu einer medialen Jugendkonferenz schreiben und darin auf die Aussage des Autors (siehe Zitat) eingehen und diese kommentieren.

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Lösungen
Themen:
Personal relations in their social context
Science and technology
The impact of the media on society
Textgrundlagen:
Text A: Don't Text While Parenting - It Will Make You Cranky (Auszug aus einem Artikel)
Text B: Cartoon
1.
$\blacktriangleright$ Outline the researchers' findings and their concerns about parental use of smartphones. (Text A)
Tipp

Ziel dieser Aufgabe ist es, die Erkenntnisse und die Sorgen der Forscher (wie sie die Autorin in Text A beschreibt) im Bezug auf den elterlichen Umgang mit Smartphones zu skizzieren. Dabei sind keine nebensächlichen Details notwendig.

The excerpt from the article “Don’t Text While Parenting – It Will Make You Cranky” written and published by Alice Park in TIME in 2014 deals with the smartphone use of parents and its consequences.

Park describes a study of Dr. Jenny Radesky in which she “and her colleagues sent in undercover investigators to […] observe any adult-child grouping with more than one youngster as they ate at a fast-food restaurant” (Text A, lines 9 f.). Their aim was to examine the behaviour of the parents and their children. In the end they had recordings of overall 55 groupings (Text A, line 11). By looking at the videos they found out that if parents used their phone throughout the whole meal, there has not been a lot of interaction, but rather “harsh […] or negative interaction between the adults and the children” (Text A ,line 18). This seems to be very hard for the kids, but it is even harder than one might think. If children have to wait in order to get some attention from their parents, the nature of their relationship could change. Moreover, Park states that it is problematic when kids don not get a lot of practice in having conversations because in this case they will not be able to read social cues or respond sensitively to something that another person expresses. If parents care more about their smartphones than at their children, there will be social damage because the kids lose their social role models which leads to a lack of social skills.
#outline
2.
$\blacktriangleright$ Analyze the cartoon (Text B) and explain which issues from the article (Text A) it refers to. Give evidence from Text A.
Tipp In dieser Aufgabe sollst du den Cartoon analysieren und dabei erläutern, auf welche Aspekte aus Text A verwiesen wird. Hierbei solltest du stets Textbelege verwenden.
The cartoon was created by San Diego Union-Tribune Creators.com in 2010. It shows a dining table with four people sitting at it who display one family consisting of the parents plus a daughter and a son.

On the left hand side there is a young girl eating her breakfast while looking at her smartphone. Opposite to her there is her brother who is not eating his breakfast, but looking at his phone as well. The mother sits next to her children in front of a tablet. She is drinking coffee while scrolling on her device. Opposite to the mother there sits the father who is also looking and scrolling through a tablet and above his head there is a speech bubble that says: “Did anyone else read this story about how electronic gadgets undermine our ability to focus and concentr… Darn! The Padres lost yesterday…”. Under the picture there is an annotation which explains that The Padres are The San Diego Padres which is actually a baseball team and a member of the National League.

#analysis
3.1
$\blacktriangleright$ “Kids learn by watching and participating, and if parents aren't engaging with their children, then the young ones could start to lose their social role models.” (Text A, l. 37-39)
Explain the quote and discuss the importance of adults as role models for children regarding modern media usage. Refer to the article and your knowledge about the issue.
Tipp In dieser Aufgabe sollst du erklären, was mit dem Zitat ausgedrückt werden soll. Außerdem sollst du diskutieren, inwieweit die Rolle der Eltern für ihre Kinder bei der Benutzung von modernen Medien wichtig ist. Beachte dabei welche Vorschläge der Text hierzu macht. Bringe jedoch auch dein eigenes Wissen zu dem Thema ein.
The quote states that it is very important for children and human beings in general to communicate with each other. This communication should not be via smartphones, but face to face. A normal communication is especially for children and their social development important because through the practice of conversations they learn how to read social cues, to identify emotions, categorise situations and respond to all of these things appropriately. The conversations children lead are often with their family, parents and here is the problem in hand. If there are no or only a few conversations within the family then the kids will not acquire social skills that are essential for life and the interaction between people. If parents use their electronic devices too often while being with their children, their quality of time is heavily influenced and they do not have the chance of learning new things. However useful and interesting a smartphone, for example, can be, parents should always think of their kids first. Otherwise they are likely to miss the first word, the first step or the first argumentation. Furthermore, parents should not only be social role models and help their children to gain social skills, but they are also role models concerning the use of modern media. If an excessive over use of electronic gadgets in every life situation is what most of the kids today see and learn through their parents, then they will not be able to use modern media in an appropriate way later. All in all it can be said that it is important that we rethink our usage of electronic devices today in order to shape tomorrow’s generation.
3.2
$\blacktriangleright$ Compare the guidelines for smartphone usage within families, as suggested in the article, to similar rules in schools. Assess their usefulness and potential problems in carrying them out.
Tipp

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du zuerst die Richtlinien für die Verwendung von Smartphones innerhalb von Familien, wie in dem Artikel genannt, mit ähnlichen Regeln in der Schule vergleichen. Danach sollst du die Nützlichkeit und mögliche Probleme bei der Umsetzung der Regeln bewerten.

The excerpt from the article “Don’t Text While Parenting – It Will Make You Cranky” written and published by Alice Park in TIME in 2014 deals with the smartphone use of parents and its consequences.

The article displays some guidelines for smartphone usage within families, such as setting the devices during specific times aside. Families can establish specific time frames in which electronic gadgets such as smartphones are not allowed. Therefore children have to use their fantasy in order to play or they can talk to their siblings, to their parents and friends. Especially while meal time it is recommended that a family sits together at the dining table and talks to each other, for example about their day or their plans for the upcoming days. The guidelines suggest not only device-free times, but also places in the house, such as dining room, kitchen, bathroom or garden. At these places the people living in the house are not allowed to use any kind of electronic device, which can be very helpful in order to conduct any kind of conversation.
These guidelines can be compared to some similar rules in school. Generally smartphones and other devices are not allowed while class. Furthermore, students are not allowed to walk around in school with an enabled mobile phone, for example. Pupils can carry these devices with them in order to use them in case of emergency, but they are not allowed to use them between classes or in breaks.
Although these rules already exist in schools, students often use their devices in breaks, in the schoolyard or sometimes also in class. It is proven that if something is prohibited, the prohibition itself makes the circumstance interesting for people. That is why pupils try to test their teachers by using the devices all over the school. Establishing device-free zones or times at home can remind children of school, which then could be very difficult.

Nevertheless some guidelines and rules should also be established at home, such as no smartphones at the dining table. Otherwise children will lose their social skills and will not be able to conduct a conversation with other people in another context.
3.3
$\blacktriangleright$ You have been invited to a youth media conference on the topic of ‘Disconnecting in the age of connectivity’. Write the opening speech in which you comment on the author’s vision of “a generation of people who text each other while sitting at the same table” (Text A, l. 39-40)
Tipp

In dieser Aufgabe sollst du die Eröffnungsrede zu einer medialen Jugendkonferenz schreiben und darin auf die Aussage des Autors (siehe Zitat) eingehen und diese kommentieren.

Today everything is fast. We have fast means of transportation, fast food, fast internet and fast communication. We don’t have to be patient anymore. We don’t have to wait. We can access any kind of information as fast as we want. Sometimes we don’t even have to think because Google is just one click away, isn’t it?

This is our world today. Faster than it has never been before. But where is the sense in that? Let me exaggerate things. Where is the time in this world concept? Where is time for friends, family, conversations and happy moments? Where is our quality time if everything around us is simply fast? This speech is not supposed to tell you all to throw away your electronic devices and live a life our ancestors lived. This speech only wants to set you thinking about the time we live in. All these devices we carry around, they are supposed to help, to support us and to make our lives easier. Communication is faster than it has ever been, but can we compare a short chat via Whatsapp to a conversation face to face? We are walking around with our smartphones in our hands catching Pokémon. We are interested in another world, in a virtual one and through this interest we lose our connection to the real world. I often walk through the streets of my city and I recognize that there are so many people, not only younger ones, but also adults, that are sitting opposite each other at a table in a restaurant waiting for their meal and scrolling through their smartphones. Sometimes they show each other one funny video or meme, but is this communication anymore? Shouldn’t we stop for just one second, look around us and enjoy the present moment? I think we should because you’ll never know how long you are supposed to be in this present moment!

#quotation#speech
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