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Inhaltsverzeichnis
Lernbereich Lektürehilfen
Übersicht
Brave New World
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4-6
Chapter 7-8
Chapter 9-10
Chapter 11-12
Chapter 13-15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17-18
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Setting
Context
Crooked Letter, Crook...
Summaries
Chapter 1 - 2
Chapter 3 - 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10 - 11
Chapter 12 - 13
Chapter 14 - 16
Chapter 17 - 19
Characters
Symbols and Symbolism
Themes and Motifs
Gran Torino
Introduction
Key Scenes
Characters
Storytelling
Setting
Themes and Motifs
Half Broke Horses
Summaries
Chapter I: Salt Draw
Chapter II: The Mirac...
Chapter III: Promises
Chapter IV: The Red S...
Chapter V: Lambs
Chapter VI: Teacher L...
Chapter VII: The Gard...
Chapter VIII: Gumshoe...
Chapter IX: The Flybo...
Epilogue: The Little ...
Family Structures
Main Characters
Lily Casey Smith
Adam Casey
Daisy Mae Casey
Helen Casey
Jim Smith
Rosemary Smith
Rex Walls
Secondary Characters
Buster Casey
Dorothy Casey
Mother Albertina
Ted Conover
Orville Stubbs
Jim Smith junior
Other Characters
Structure of the Nove...
Setting
Prüfungsaufgaben zur ...
L.A. Crash
Einleitung
Schlüsselszenen
Narrative Filmstruktu...
Setting
Fakten
Bevölkerungsstruktur
Kriminalität
Personen im Film
Hauptcharaktere
Officer John Ryan
Officer Tom Hansen
Cameron und Christine...
Rick und Jean Cabot
Anthony
Peter Waters
Graham Waters
Daniel Ruiz
Farhad
Nebencharaktere
Verflechtung der Haup...
Verflechtung der Haup...
Bedeutung des Titels
Themen und Motive
Rassismus
Vorurteile
Kriminalität
Isolation und Ausgren...
Dominanz
Religion
Einwanderung
Besiedelung des Weste...
9/11
Waffenrecht in den US...
Filmanalyse
Kameraführung
Licht
Musik
Prüfungsaufgaben zur ...
Macbeth
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Good To Know
Othello
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Romeo and Juliet
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Themes and Motifs
Setting
The Great Gatsby
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Good To Know
To Kill a Mockingbird
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapters 2 - 3
Chapters 4 - 6
Chapters 7 - 8
Chapters 9 - 11
Chapters 12 - 13
Chapters 14 - 15
Chapters 16 - 17
Chapters 18 - 19
Chapters 20 - 22
Chapters 23 - 25
Chapters 26 - 27
Chapters 28 - 31
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context

Act IV

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Download als Dokument:PDF

Scene 1

  • setting: a dark cave with a bubbling cauldron
  • the three witches appear and circle the cauldron, chanting charms and putting ingredients in the cauldron
  • Hecate appears and praises the witches' work
  • Macbeth enters and the witches summon horrible apparitions in order to answer Macbeth's questions
    • a floating head warns Macbeth of Macduff
    • a blood-covered child calms Macbeth by explaining that he cannot be killed by any man "of woman born"
    • a child wearing a crown and holding onto a tree promises that Macbeth cannot lose in battle until Birnam wood physically moves toward his stronghold at Dunsinane
    • finally, Macbeth is presented with an image of a ghostly procession of eight future kings, which is followed by Banquo
  • Macbeth is confused by the last apparition
  • Lenox enters and informs Macbeth that Macduff has fled to England
  • consequently, Macbeth decides to send murderers to kill Macduff's family

Scene 2

  • setting: Macduff's castle
  • Lady Macduff asks Rosse why her husband has fled
  • Rosse answers that she should just trust her husband and leaves shortly afterwards
  • the lady tells her son that his father is dead, but the child insists that he is not
  • a messenger arrives and warns Lady Macduff that she is in danger and that she should flee
  • Lady Macduff does not feel guilty of anything and protests
  • a group of murderers enters and they kill Macduff's son
  • Lady Macduff runs away and the murderers hurry after her

Scene 3

  • setting: England, a room in King Edward's palace
  • Malcolm explains to Macduff that he does not trust him because he has left his family in Scotland behind
  • Malcolm wonders if Macduff is trustworthy and puts him under a test: he goes on about his own vices and ponders about whether he might even be fit to be king as he is lustful, greedy and violent
  • Macduff disagrees at first but as he is too loyal to Scotland and fears about its safety, he eventually agrees with Malcolm that he is not fit to rule Scotland
  • in voicing his disagreement, Macduff has passed Malcolm's test of loyalty
  • Malcolm then sets everything straight and embraces Macduff as an ally
  • when a doctor appears and tells Macduff and Malcolm about the wretched souls who wait for King Edward to cure them, Malcolm explains that King Edward has miraculous powers
  • Rosse enters and informs Macduff that his wife and his children are well
  • he continues reporting the terrible conditions that trouble Scotland since Macbeth has become king
  • Malcolm replies that he will invade Scotland with ten thousand English soldiers
  • Rosse drops his masquerade and tells Macduff about Macbeth murdering his wife and children
  • Macduff grieves and Malcolm ushers him into turning his grief into anger and avenging his family

Function Scene 1-3

  • witches (the weird sisters) as goddesses of destiny or as supernatural embodiments of the Christian concept of original sin
    • the word weird descends from the word wyrd which means fate or doom
    • prophecies are supposed to confuse their audience so that they become self-fulfilling
    • Macbeth would not have been likely to kill Duncan if not for the prophecy
    • however, the prophecies might as well be accurate readings of the future
    • Macbeth is the most explicitly Christian of Shakespeare's tragedies
    • evil deeds first lead to psychological torment and then to destruction
  • the symbolism of the apparitions (which foreshadow the way the prophecies will be fulfilled)
    • the armored head hints at a war
    • the bloody child refers to Macduff’s birth by cesarean section he is not “of woman born” (Act IV, Scene 1, 80)
    • the crowned child is supposed to be Malcolm who carries a tree (just like his soldiers later on carry tree branches)
    • the procession of kings reveals the future line of kings who all descend from Banquo
  • Macbeth's descend into utter madness is marked by the murder of the Macduffs'
    • he is not politically motivated to kill them but does so out of a pure desire to do harm
    • his method of kingship is based upon immoral legitimacy and not on loyalty to the state
  • Macduff as teacher for Malcolm
    • Malcolm has a somewhat twisted understanding of manhood that is quite similar to Macbeth's
    • Macduff shows that manhood is more than aggression and murder; it is also about allowing oneself to be sensitive and to feel grief
    • for Malcolm, this is an important lesson to learn how to be a judicious, honest and compessionate king
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