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Inhaltsverzeichnis
Lernbereich Lektürehilfen
Übersicht
Brave New World
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4-6
Chapter 7-8
Chapter 9-10
Chapter 11-12
Chapter 13-15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17-18
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Setting
Context
Crooked Letter, Crook...
Summaries
Chapter 1 - 2
Chapter 3 - 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10 - 11
Chapter 12 - 13
Chapter 14 - 16
Chapter 17 - 19
Characters
Symbols and Symbolism
Themes and Motifs
Gran Torino
Introduction
Key Scenes
Characters
Storytelling
Setting
Themes and Motifs
Half Broke Horses
Summaries
Chapter I: Salt Draw
Chapter II: The Mirac...
Chapter III: Promises
Chapter IV: The Red S...
Chapter V: Lambs
Chapter VI: Teacher L...
Chapter VII: The Gard...
Chapter VIII: Gumshoe...
Chapter IX: The Flybo...
Epilogue: The Little ...
Family Structures
Main Characters
Lily Casey Smith
Adam Casey
Daisy Mae Casey
Helen Casey
Jim Smith
Rosemary Smith
Rex Walls
Secondary Characters
Buster Casey
Dorothy Casey
Mother Albertina
Ted Conover
Orville Stubbs
Jim Smith junior
Other Characters
Structure of the Nove...
Setting
Prüfungsaufgaben zur ...
L.A. Crash
Einleitung
Schlüsselszenen
Narrative Filmstruktu...
Setting
Fakten
Bevölkerungsstruktur
Kriminalität
Personen im Film
Hauptcharaktere
Officer John Ryan
Officer Tom Hansen
Cameron und Christine...
Rick und Jean Cabot
Anthony
Peter Waters
Graham Waters
Daniel Ruiz
Farhad
Nebencharaktere
Verflechtung der Haup...
Verflechtung der Haup...
Bedeutung des Titels
Themen und Motive
Rassismus
Vorurteile
Kriminalität
Isolation und Ausgren...
Dominanz
Religion
Einwanderung
Besiedelung des Weste...
9/11
Waffenrecht in den US...
Filmanalyse
Kameraführung
Licht
Musik
Prüfungsaufgaben zur ...
Macbeth
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Good To Know
Othello
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Romeo and Juliet
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Themes and Motifs
Setting
The Great Gatsby
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Good To Know
To Kill a Mockingbird
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapters 2 - 3
Chapters 4 - 6
Chapters 7 - 8
Chapters 9 - 11
Chapters 12 - 13
Chapters 14 - 15
Chapters 16 - 17
Chapters 18 - 19
Chapters 20 - 22
Chapters 23 - 25
Chapters 26 - 27
Chapters 28 - 31
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context

Act I

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Summary Scene 1

  • setting: a street in Venice
  • Roderigo (a rich nobleman) is arguing with Iago because he has paid Iago in order to help him convincing Desdemona to give him a chance, but he has just learned that Desdemona is already married to Othello, a general for whom Iago works as an ensign
  • still, Iago is fuelled to take some kind of vengeance on Othello because he promoted Michael Cassio to the post of lieutenant instead of him
  • Iago deems this more than unfair because he has served greatly in battle and has been recommended by three other generals of Venice - Cassio, however, has no experience in leading men into battle
  • Iago thus only pretends to serve Othello
  • also, he advises Roderigo to tell Desdemona's family about her marriage with Othello
  • because of that they head to Desdemona's family's house and wake her father by crying that he has been robbed
  • Brabantio (a Venetian senator) does not believe that because he does not like Roderigo's pursuing of Desdemona
  • he thinks that it is just a ruse from Roderigo in order to see Desdemona again
  • yet, Roderigo claims that his daughter has sex with Othello and Brabantio starts believing him and looks for his daughter
  • Iago leaves to go back to Othello who has no clue of Iago's involvement with Roderigo
  • Brabantio notices that Desdemona is not in the house and declares that his daughter has been stolen from him
  • he and his men head with Roderigo to Othello

Summary Scene 2

  • when Iago arrives at Othello's house, he warns Othello about Brabantio's knowledge of his marriage
  • a group of men approaches and Iago advises Othello to get back inside
  • Othello refuses and the men turn out to be Cassio and some officers
  • they deliver the message that Othello is wanted at the duke of Venice's court because something has happened on Cyprus, which is controlled by Venice
  • the men leave and Brabantio, Roderigo and some soldiers arrive and are rude to Othello
  • Brabantio orders his men to attack Othello
  • Othello and his men get into a brawl with Brabantio and his followers, yet Othello intervenes and tells both parties to stop
  • Brabantio hears that Othello has been summoned to court and determines that he wants to adress the duke himself regarding his daughter's secret marriage with Othello
  • also, he accuses Othello of having used witchcraft in order to seduce his daughter

Summary Scene 3

  • the duke is meeting with his senators to discuss the Turkish invasion of Cyprus
  • a sailor arrives and tells them about the Turks that have turned toward Rhodes now (a tactic to mislead the Venetians)
  • Brabantio, Othello, Cassio, Iago, Roderigo and some officers arrive and Brabantio claims that his matter is more important than state business
  • the duke first takes his side but when he learns that it is Othello who is accused he gives him the chance to speak for himself
  • Othello admits that he has secretly married Desdemona but he claims that it was not magic that convinced her to marry him
  • it was his lifestory that finally won Desdemona over (with all the battles, travels and reversals of fortune that he experienced)
  • Othello's story convinces the duke and he dismisses Brabantio's accusation
  • Desdemona delivers reliable confirmation that she loves Othello by saying that she is most obedient to Othello and not her father
  • Brabantio accepts that she has married Othello out of her own will and allows that the duke and his senators tend to their state affairs again
  • in order to defend Cyprus from the Turks, the duke sends Othello there
  • Othello agrees and asks for appropriate accommodations for his wife
  • the duke's suggestion that Desdemona should stay with her father is dismissed by Othello, Desdemona and also by her father Brabantio
  • Desdemona and Othello leave in order to prepare for the travel
  • only Roderigo and Iago remain and Roderigo voices his sorrow over having "lost" Desdemona again
  • Iago assures him that everything will turn out as he wishes
  • Roderigo contemplates drowning himself because he wants to end his suffering due to rejected love and Iago mocks him for that
  • Iago tells Roderigo several times to take a lot of money with him when following him to Cyprus
  • Roderigo leaves and Iago soliloquizes about his hatred for Othello as well as his suspicion that Othello has slept with his wife Emilia
  • he plots to betray Roderigo for his money and to tell Othello that his wife has betrayed him with Cassio

Function

  • although Othello has not appeared yet and although his name is not articulated, the audience already learns about him
    • he is referred to as "he" or "him"
    • "the Moor", "the thick-lips" and "a Barbary horse" all indicate that he is dark-skinned
    • Iago draws a threatening portrait of Othello so that Brabantio is afraid that his daughter has been captured and raped by him
    • still, the audience does not believe in what others claim Othello to be because Roderigo is both pathetic and highly jealous since Desdemona has often rejected him
    • also, Roderigo has asked Brabantio for Desdemona's hand which the latter declined - Roderigo then turned to Iago for help
    • Iago considers himself a villain and always explains his next vicious steps, which is one more reason for the audience to feel sympathetic towards Othello
  • Iago as the driving force
    • his schemes inspire and fuel the action of the play
  • Othello appears as completely different then what Iago and Roderigo have pictured him to be
    • he reacts calmly to the insults and avoids conflict
    • actually, Othello finds himself in a similar situation as Jesus Christ - he is betrayed by his disloyal ensign and his location is tipped off
  • Brabantio's racist attitude becomes clear: he does not accuse Othello of secretly marrying his daughter but of having used witchcraft in order to attract her
    • he can't believe that his daughter married Othello willingly
  • Othello as an outsider
    • he is not like the other Venetians: his race, his history and his looks differentiate from the Venetian society
    • however, he is a valued member of the Venetian state and is treated with higher importance and trust than Brabantio, a nobleman
  • introduction of Desdemona
    • in Othello's story about how Desdemona fell in love with him, Desdemona seems aggressive and rude
    • it is not quite clear who courted whom first in their relationship
    • in her account of events, she appears blunt and confident but also dedicated to Othello and benevolent
    • also, she is well-balanced, intelligent, loving and able to consider her loyalties as a wife and daughter
    • fights for her right to accompany Othello to Cyprus
    • is very blunt about their sexual relationship
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