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Inhaltsverzeichnis
Lernbereich Lektürehilfen
Übersicht
Brave New World
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4-6
Chapter 7-8
Chapter 9-10
Chapter 11-12
Chapter 13-15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17-18
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Setting
Context
Crooked Letter, Crook...
Summaries
Chapter 1 - 2
Chapter 3 - 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10 - 11
Chapter 12 - 13
Chapter 14 - 16
Chapter 17 - 19
Characters
Symbols and Symbolism
Themes and Motifs
Gran Torino
Introduction
Key Scenes
Characters
Storytelling
Setting
Themes and Motifs
Half Broke Horses
Summaries
Chapter I: Salt Draw
Chapter II: The Mirac...
Chapter III: Promises
Chapter IV: The Red S...
Chapter V: Lambs
Chapter VI: Teacher L...
Chapter VII: The Gard...
Chapter VIII: Gumshoe...
Chapter IX: The Flybo...
Epilogue: The Little ...
Family Structures
Main Characters
Lily Casey Smith
Adam Casey
Daisy Mae Casey
Helen Casey
Jim Smith
Rosemary Smith
Rex Walls
Secondary Characters
Buster Casey
Dorothy Casey
Mother Albertina
Ted Conover
Orville Stubbs
Jim Smith junior
Other Characters
Structure of the Nove...
Setting
Prüfungsaufgaben zur ...
L.A. Crash
Einleitung
Schlüsselszenen
Narrative Filmstruktu...
Setting
Fakten
Bevölkerungsstruktur
Kriminalität
Personen im Film
Hauptcharaktere
Officer John Ryan
Officer Tom Hansen
Cameron und Christine...
Rick und Jean Cabot
Anthony
Peter Waters
Graham Waters
Daniel Ruiz
Farhad
Nebencharaktere
Verflechtung der Haup...
Verflechtung der Haup...
Bedeutung des Titels
Themen und Motive
Rassismus
Vorurteile
Kriminalität
Isolation und Ausgren...
Dominanz
Religion
Einwanderung
Besiedelung des Weste...
9/11
Waffenrecht in den US...
Filmanalyse
Kameraführung
Licht
Musik
Prüfungsaufgaben zur ...
Macbeth
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Good To Know
Othello
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Romeo and Juliet
Introduction
Summaries
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Characters
Themes and Motifs
Setting
The Great Gatsby
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context
Good To Know
To Kill a Mockingbird
Introduction
Summaries
Chapter 1
Chapters 2 - 3
Chapters 4 - 6
Chapters 7 - 8
Chapters 9 - 11
Chapters 12 - 13
Chapters 14 - 15
Chapters 16 - 17
Chapters 18 - 19
Chapters 20 - 22
Chapters 23 - 25
Chapters 26 - 27
Chapters 28 - 31
Characters
Interpretation
Themes
Motifs
Symbols
Style
Context

Characters

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Othello

  • a general in the Venetian defense forces, originally from Africa
  • courageous, intelligent, experienced in warfare and respected by his troops
  • although he is confident in military matters, he is socially insecure and is both outsider and insider
    • he is different due to his origins and his life story, but has the same religion, values and patriotism to Venice as the people around him
    • his race is a constant reminder that even though he lives among Venetians, he still isn't really one of them
    • the fact that he is often called "The Moor" emphasizes that (the other figures go by their name)
    • he is skilled and triumphant at battle, but hesitant and reluctant when telling Desdemona his life story
    • his inexperience in managing love and marriage undermine his confidence which is why it is easy for Iago to manipulate Othello and drive him into jealousy
  • his life is at its peak: he is triumphant in war and in love
  • Othello himself drops hints towards his mental instability and insecurity
    • love puts order, peace and happiness into his mental world
    • without it, his world would erupt in chaos
    • since he believes that Desdemona's love is too good to be true, he thinks that she loves another man
    • actually, he is just waiting for his dream to come to an end (self-fulfilling prophecy)
    • Othello hides his insecurities behind his military demeanour; when Iago destroys that and exposes his fears, Othello's outer calm vanishes and his fears, desires and his violence are exposed
    • Othello cannot stand uncertainty, it drives him to destroy his sanity and every reason is eliminated

Desdemona

  • daughter of the Venetian senator Brabantio
  • secretly married to Othello
  • stereotypically pure and meek, Desdemona is also determined and self-possessed
  • the most direct and honest speaker in the play
  • convinced of herself and of her authority (when she talks to her father about her secret marriage / when she says that she has not deserved Othello striking her)
  • at times, she is submissive but also bold and independent
    • she is willing to take credit for her own murder
    • she is a modest and faithful wife
    • has to defend her marriage in front of her father and shortly afterwards, she has to defend her fidelity to her husband
    • Othello feels the urge to stifle Desdemona's independence by suffocating her

Iago

  • the play's main antagonist, and Othello's standard-bearer
  • hates Othello and devises a plan to destroy him by making him believe that his wife is having an affair with Othello's lieutenant Cassio
  • sinister villain because Othello fully trusts him while Iago betrays him and while he maintains his reputation for honesty and dedication
  • Machiavellian schemer and manipulator: often referred to as honest, displays his skill at deceiving other characters - they trust him and do not suspect him
    • is considered as direct, but invents lies to manipulate people and treat them as fools
    • is married to Emilia, but is not a loving husband or shows emotions
    • doesn't care about anyone, but plots to eliminate several people in his life to take revenge
    • in conclusion, he acts against his reputation
  • Iago is the typical portrayal of the medieval and Renaissance devil
    • constantly lies, makes promises he does not intend to keep
    • tells stories in order to trap people and lead them to their downfall
    • knows other people's greatest vulnerabilities and weaknesses and uses them to destroy the people
    • Iago has no real motivation behind his intentions, he schemes just for love of evil
  • as the plot gets out of control, Iago needs to take more risks in order to achieve his goals
    • his obsession for control and power over others makes him destroy his own wife Emilia, Desdemona, Roderigo and himself as well - just to destroy Othello
    • ironic: Cassio, whom Iago failed to kill, is the only important character still alive at the end of the play

Michael Cassio

  • gentlemanly soldier and Othello's lieutenant
  • no practical knowledge of battle, is inexperienced but still promoted to chief lieutenant by Othello
  • his high position is resented by Iago
  • is ashamed after Othello sees him being involved in drunken brawl and loses his position as lieutenant
  • he is used by Iago to manipulate Othello into thinking that Cassio has an affair with Desdemona

Roderigo

  • young, rich and foolish Venetian nobleman and suitor of Desdemona
  • asks Iago for help in winning Desdemona over, gives all his money and jewels to Iago as payment for his help
  • repeatedly frustrated: learns that Desdemona is married to Othello, follows them to Cyprus, is supposed to kill Cassio because he is another rival for Desdemona
  • his foolishness gets him killed in the end

Emilia

  • Iago's wife and Desdemona's maid
  • intelligent and resilient, yet follows Iago in wifely duty (rather ambivalent character)
  • very loyal to Desdemona and ultimately reveals Iago's lies to defend Desdemona's reputation
  • has little regard for men but supports her husband in almost everything
  • at the end, he abandons her loyalty to Iago and attacks him verbally
  • Iago kills her so she can't reveal all of his intentions and plots

Bianca

  • a prostitute in Cyprus
  • often visited by Cassio, her favourite customer, who also teases her with promises of marriage
  • skilled in needlework and agrees to copy the handkerchief that Cassio gives her (throws it back at him, believing it is the token of his new love)

Brabantio

  • Desdemona's father and Venetian senator
  • deems himself very important
  • a friend and supporter of Othello, feels betrayed when Othello secretly marries his daughter

Lodovico

  • a kinsman of Brabantio, also Desdemona's cousin
  • functions as a messenger from Venice to Cyprus

Montano

  • the governor of Cyprus before Othello

Gratiano

  • Brabantio's brother who accompanies Lodovico to Cyprus
  • he mentions in the final scene that Desdemona's father Brabantio has died

Duke of Venice

  • he respects Othello as a public and military servant
  • urges Brabantio to accept his daughter's marriage in the first Act
  • appoints Othello to lead the forces defending Venice against the Turkish attack on Cyprus

Clown

  • Othello's servant
  • appears only twice (in the first and last scenes of Act III) and delivers a total of fourteen lines
  • helps emphasize for the audience that they can enjoy a moment of levity as dire plot points hang in the balance
  • seems to be indirectly warning Desdemona of the doom that dishonesty will bring her by repeating the word "lie" five times
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